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Coconut Grove

Coordinates: 25°43′N 80°15′W / 25.717°N 80.250°W / 25.717; -80.250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coconut Grove
Typical street in Coconut Grove, showing heavy vegetation characteristic of the hammock.
Typical street in Coconut Grove, showing heavy vegetation characteristic of the hammock.
The Grove
Coconut Grove neighborhood in Miami
Coconut Grove neighborhood in Miami
Coordinates: 25°43′N 80°15′W / 25.717°N 80.250°W / 25.717; -80.250
CountryUnited States
CountyMiami-Dade County
Annexed into the City of Miami1925
Subdistricts of Coconut Grove
Neighborhoods list
  • Center Grove
  • Northeast Coconut Grove
  • Southwest Coconut Grove
  • West Grove or Black Grove
 • City of Miami CommissionerKen Russell
 • Miami-Dade CommissionersXavier L. Suarez
 • House of RepresentativesVicki Lopez (R)
 • State SenateIleana Garcia (R)
 • U.S. HouseMaria Elvira Salazar (R)
 • Total5.607 sq mi (14.52 km2)
13 ft (4 m)
Highest elevation
24 ft (7 m)
 • Total20,076
 • Density8,006/sq mi (3,091/km2)
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC−05 (EST)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)305, 786

Coconut Grove, also known colloquially as “The Grove,” is an affluent and the oldest continuously inhabited neighborhood of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The neighborhood is roughly bounded by North Prospect Drive to the south, LeJeune Road to the west, South Dixie Highway (US 1) and Rickenbacker Causeway to the north, and Biscayne Bay to the east.[1] It is south of the neighborhoods of Brickell and The Roads and east of Coral Gables. The neighborhood's name has been sometimes spelled "Cocoanut Grove" but the definitive spelling "Coconut Grove" was established when the city was incorporated in 1919.[2]

What is today referred to as Coconut Grove was formed in 1925 when the city of Miami annexed two areas of about equal size, the city of Coconut Grove and most of the town of Silver Bluff. Coconut Grove approximately corresponds to the same area as the 33133 ZIP Code although the ZIP Code includes parts of Coral Way and Coral Gables[3] and a small portion of ZIP Code 33129.[4] The area is often referred to as "The Grove,” and locals take pride that Coconut Grove is one of the greenest areas of Miami.[5][6]

Coconut Grove is directly served by the Miami Metrorail at Coconut Grove and Douglas Road stations.


Skyline of Coconut Grove, as seen from its respective Metrorail station
The clubhouse of the Woman's Club of Coconut Grove, built in 1921 and designed by Miami architect Walter de Garmo

Several waves of immigration established Coconut Grove, the first in 1825, when the Cape Florida lighthouse went into operation, kept by John Dubose.[7] The settlers primarily came from the Northeastern United States, in addition to British and Bahamian immigrants.[8] They included sailors, naturalists, and artists.[9] Many black Bahamian immigrants were hired to construct the historical landmarks in and around Coconut Grove.[10] They were believed to be the only people capable of withstanding the extreme heat and humidity, as well as the large mosquito population.[11]

Dr. Horace P. Porter is credited for coming up with the name when, in 1873, he rented a home from Edmond D. Beasley's widow, who homesteaded 160 acres of bay-front property.[12] He lived there for only a year, but during that time, he established a post office which he named “Coconut Grove.”[13][14]

The first hotel on the South Florida mainland was located in Coconut Grove.[15] Called the Bay View Inn (later known as the Peacock Inn), it was built in 1882 on the site of present-day Peacock Park by English immigrants Isabella and Charles Peacock, who had been the owners of a wholesale meat business in London.[16] Coconut Grove's first black settlement, in the 1880s, was established by Bahamian laborers who worked at the Peacock Inn.[17] The Barnacle Historic State Park is the oldest house in Miami-Dade County still standing in its original location.[18] It was built in 1891, and was home to Ralph Middleton Munroe, also known as "The Commodore" for being the first commodore and founder of the Biscayne Bay Yacht Club, an American yacht designer, and early resident of Coconut Grove.[19]

Formerly an independent city, Coconut Grove was annexed by the city of Miami in 1925.[20] In the 1960s, bay-shore Coconut Grove served as the center of South Florida's youth countercultural movement, notably hosting several love-ins[21] and concerts (including a now-infamous Doors concert at Dinner Key Auditorium)[22] during the latter part of the decade.[23] The Bahamian community continued to grow in Coconut Grove through the 1970s.[24]

A surge of commercial development in Coconut Grove was driven by the construction of three major residential complexes during the late 1970s and early 1980s: Yacht Harbour Condominiums in 1975; Grove Isle, a condominium, club, and hotel complex, in 1979; and L'Hermitage in 1980.[25] This was followed by the opening of 2575 S. Bayshore Drive in 1982 and the 1983 opening of Grove Towers.[26] Further development was proposed for Grove Isle in 2013.[27][28][29]


Mayfair in Coconut Grove
Villa Vizcaya, built in 1916, is a popular Miami tourist attraction.
Downtown Coconut Grove in 2019

Coconut Grove has a number of outdoor festivals and events, the most prominent of which is the annual Coconut Grove Arts Festival.[30][31] Others include the King Mango Strut, which began as a parody of the Orange Bowl Parade, and which continues each year on the last Sunday in December. The Great Taste of the Grove Food & Wine Festival takes place each April. Each June, the Goombay Festival transforms Grand Avenue in Coconut Grove into a Carnaval (Caribbean Carnival), celebrating Bahamian culture, with Bahamian food and Caribbean music (Junkanoo).

The Grove has numerous restaurants, open air and streetside cafes, and several waterfront restaurants and bars. By night, the Grove becomes a center of nightlife frequented by locals, young professionals, students from the nearby University of Miami and Florida International University, and tourists.

Shopping is abundant in the Grove, with two open-air malls, CocoWalk, the Streets of Mayfair, and many other street shops and boutiques.

The Village Center, the three blocks radiating from and focusing on the intersection of Main, McFarland, and Grand Avenues, home to the majority of the retail and restaurant business in the Grove, is also home to three gyms, a multiplex movie house in CocoWalk, several parking garages, a state historic site, an elementary school, a City of Miami fire station, several large condos and residential rental towers, the Coconut Grove Post Office, and two sizable parks. Development and redevelopment continue to redefine and transform the area.

Major corporations including Arquitectonica, Spanish Broadcasting System, and Watsco are located in the Grove.

The eastern border of Coconut Grove is Biscayne Bay, which lends itself to the local boating and sailing communities. The area features the Coconut Grove Sailing Club, Biscayne Bay Yacht Club, a sizable municipal marina, Dinner Key Marina, and others[32] The US Sailing Center[33] is on the Bay between Kennedy Park and the Coral Reef Yacht Club. Pan Am's seaplane operations were based at Dinner Key, and the Miami City Hall is based in the old Pan Am terminal building.



Demographically, Coconut Grove is split up into "Northeast Coconut Grove" and "Southwest Coconut Grove", and as of 2000, the total population of both of the neighborhood's sections made up between 18,953[34] and 19,646 people.[4] The zip codes for all of Coconut Grove include 33129 and 33133. The area covers 5.607 square miles (14.52 km2). As of 2000, there were 9,695 males and 9,951 females. The median age for males were 38.4 years old, while the median age for females were 40.3 years old. The average household size had 2.1 people, while the average family size had 2.8 members. The percentage of married-couple families (among all households) was 33.6%, while the percentage of married-couple families with children (among all households) was 11.1%, and the percentage of single-mother households (among all households) was 7.6%. The percentage of never-married males 15 years old and over was 18.3%, while the percentage of never-married females 15 years old and over was 14.3%.[4] The percentage of people that speak English not well or not at all made up 8.1% of the population. The percentage of residents born in Florida was 31.6%, the percentage of people born in another U.S. state was 34.7%, and the percentage of native residents but born outside the U.S. was 2.3%, while the percentage of foreign born residents was 31.4%.[4]

As of 2000,[34] Northeast Grove had a population of 9,812 residents, with 5,113 households, and 2,221 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $63,617.82. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 35.24% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 2.25% Black or African American, 60.96% White (non-Hispanic), and 1.55% other races (non-Hispanic).

As of 2000,[34] Southwest Grove had a population of 9,141 residents, with 3,477 households, and 2,082 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $63,617.82. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 14.80% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 48.27% Black or African American, 35.27% White (non-Hispanic), and 1.66% other races (non-Hispanic).

The "West" Grove (Black Grove) is predominantly composed of people who are of Afro-Bahamian descent. Bahamian sailors were one of the first groups of settlers in the area.[35] The Goombay festival is a celebration of the rich history of this historically Bahamian neighborhood.[36]



Coconut Grove is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Miami Metrorail at:

Metrobus' Coconut Grove Connection connects at Coconut Grove and Douglas Road stations, going to many popular areas within the Grove, including CocoWalk and Peacock Park.

Education and institutions


Cultural institutions

Miami Science Museum
Interior of Miami Science Museum





Elementary schools


Miami-Dade County Public Schools operates area public schools:

  • Coconut Grove Elementary School
  • Dade County Training School (1899–1937)
  • Frances S. Tucker Elementary School
  • George W. Carver Elementary School

Middle schools

  • George Washington Carver School, while actually in Coral Gables, serves Coconut Grove. As a magnet school, it does not admit most of its students based on geographical area, but minimum quotas apply regarding to serving Coconut Grove.

High schools


Private schools


Points of interest

Mercy Hospital in Cocunut Grove


The Kampong, a botanical garden in the Grove known for its wild foliage and large tree coverage

20th century


21st century

  • In 2005, CSI: Miami season 4 episode 10, "Shattered", is set in Coconut Grove.
  • From 2006 to 2013, in the TV series Dexter, based on the book series by Jeff Lindsay, Dexter Morgan lives in Coconut Grove.
  • From 2007 to 2013, the TV series Burn Notice was based in what was once the City of Miami's Convention Center in Coconut Grover.[39]
  • In 2008, the film Marley & Me with Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson, based on John Grogan's book, was filmed in Coconut Grove.
  • In the first episode of The Golden Girls, "The Engagement", at the end of the episode, Rose asks Dorothy and Blanche if they would like to go to Coconut Grove for lunch to celebrate their friendship.
  • Coconut Grove is reference in "Tenement Song" by Pixies on the 2016 album "Head Carrier".
  • In the 2010 song "Marathon" by Tennis, Coconut Grove is mentioned as being the song's narrators sail from Marathon, Florida to Coconut Grove.
  • The movie All About The Benjamins was filmed in Coconut Grove (specifically, ShakeAleg water sports' parking lot & boatyard) in 2002, starring Ice Cube and Mike Epps.

Notable people


Former and current residents include:

Historic Coconut Grove


Established in 1825, Coconut Grove is one of Miami's oldest neighborhoods. As such, many of Miami's oldest buildings and homes are located in the Grove. Some of these include:


  1. ^ City of Miami official map Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Blackman, E. V. Miami and Dade County, Florida. Washington, D.C.: Victor Rainbolt, 1921.
  3. ^ USNaviguide.com
  4. ^ a b c d "Demographics of Coconut Grove, Miami, Florida". city-data. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
  5. ^ https://www.academia.edu/26538827/Coconut_Grove_West_Grove_tree_canopy_variations_over_time Miami’s Coconut Grove – tree canopy variation over time, May 2016, Accessed 1 October 2016
  6. ^ http://milliontrees.miamidade.gov/library/miami-dade_utc-assessment_final-lr.pdf Miami-Dade Urban Tree Canopy Assessment 2016
  7. ^ "A Brief History Of Miamis Coconut Grove". Culture Trip. February 15, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  8. ^ "A Brief History Of Miamis Coconut Grove". Culture Trip. February 15, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
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  10. ^ "The Bahamian Work Force". Vizcaya. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  11. ^ Mohl, Raymond A. (1987). "Black Immigrants: Bahamians in Early Twentieth-Century Miami". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 65 (3): 271–297. ISSN 0015-4113. JSTOR 30147810.
  12. ^ "Post Office Granted for Cocoanut Grove in 1873". Miami History Blog. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  13. ^ "City of Miami – Neighborhood Enhancement Teams". Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
  14. ^ Planning Your Vacation in Florida, Miami and Dade County [WPA Guide to Miami], Northport, New York: Bacon, Percy & Daggett, 1941, page 49.
  15. ^ "Ingraham Expedition: Peacock Hotel in Coconut Grove". www.uflib.ufl.edu. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  16. ^ "Coconut Grove | Community Guide | Carole Smith Team". veryspecialhomes.com. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  17. ^ Joanne Hyppolite. Black Crossroads. South Florida History, the magazine of the Historical Museum of Southern Florida. Volume 37, No 1, 2009, p. 13
  18. ^ "History of the Barnacle | Florida State Parks". www.floridastateparks.org. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
  19. ^ "Ingraham Expedition: Ralph M. Munroe". www.uflib.ufl.edu. Retrieved April 23, 2024.
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  32. ^ CMS Redirect Archived September 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ US Sailing Center
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