Cocoon (Björk song)
|Single by Björk|
|from the album Vespertine|
|Released||11 March 2002|
|Label||One Little Indian|
|Björk singles chronology|
"Cocoon" is a song recorded by Icelandic singer Björk for her fourth studio album Vespertine (2001). It was written and produced by Björk and Thomas Knak, and released as the album's third single on 11 March 2002, by One Little Indian Records. Inspired by her relationship with artist Matthew Barney, Björk wanted to make a record with a domestic mood. Working with Knak, she wrote "Cocoon", a song which is lyrically about a woman who describes making love with her lover during their post-coital hibernation, and includes frank sexual narrative related both explicitly and through over-sharing and metaphor.
Music critics received "Cocoon" with positive reviews, calling it one of the album's best moments. The song experienced moderate commercial success in record charts in the United Kingdom, Australia, and France, but reached the top 10 in Spain. The accompanying music video for "Cocoon" was directed by Eiko Ishioka and was shot in New York City. It premiered at Raindance Film Festival in October 2001, and was made available online through the singer's official website in February 2002, closer to the song's release as a single. It depicts Björk as a geisha whose makeup extends over her entire bleached nude body. The video was considered inappropriate and was banned from prime-time MTV following her music video for "Pagan Poetry". Björk promoted the song by performing on the Vespertine World Tour and several TV and radio shows.
Background and development
In 2000, Björk starred on her acting debut Dancer in the Dark. Whilst she worked on the film, she also began producing her next album, writing new music and teaming with new collaborators. She had to go to Denmark to work on the film and there was nothing going on. She was lying on the beach whilst looking at the ocean, with a ghetto blaster listening to producer Thomas Knak's music. When she realised he was from Copenhagen, she called him up". "Cocoon", produced by Knak, was one of the last songs to be written for the album; its melody came to Björk in a sudden rush and she contacted him. She made a long-distance, late-night phone call to Knak in Denmark, and woke him up. "I didn't have any track of time so she didn't really know that I was asleep. She was explaining that she had this melody in her head and maybe, if I had the time, she would still have two or three weeks to decide if this track could be worked on", said the producer. Knak took it as a chance to make a more minimal track, similar to his own releases. He liked the idea of having two songs on the album, and immediately after he put down the phone, he started working. His original treatment of "Cocoon", made with an Ensoniq ASR-10, appeared relatively intact in the final version. Knak elaborated: "She had two changes: one for one semitone up and another for I think about 20BPM slower or something. I don't really make music so I'm not really used to thinking could the singer really sing in a tempo. From there she started working on the lyrics and one more melody for the vocal".
They met up in January 2001 in London to record the song. He went into a studio with only three tracks for the mix, and was impressed that there were many technicians and programmers that probably had been using a hundred. However, the singer was protecting the idea of the raw version, and said: "This is how we wanted to be". They added two changes to the song and then spent the rest of the day recording Björk's vocals. They wanted to have only one take that really worked so that they did not have to edit different takes. They recorded 20 takes, and used the fifth or sixth, and because of that, the producer thought that "this track is very intimate and personal because of the way the vocals were recorded". The way the song was recorded was "kind of rough" according to Knak; "It's also very close to the mic; all these things that you wouldn't normally keep. In that sense, it is very kind of, almost naked. In the structure and in the feeling because of the lyrics".
"Cocoon" is a song based around a bassline and beats that "sound like fingertips on skin". Discussing the glitch sound of the song, Björk said: "when you take technology and use the areas where it breaks, where it's faulty, you're entering a mystery zone where you can't control it." Björk's whispered vocals in "Cocoon" were described as "near-cracking falsetto and a breathy ecstasy". Lyrically, for Michael Cragg from The Guardian newspaper, "it feels almost intrusive, like reading someone's diary as they write about a new love", as Björk had just started the relationship with Barney. Its lyrics are set between metaphor, with her singing "who would have known that a boy like him would have entered me lightly, restoring my blisses" and over-sharing, whilst also stating "He slides inside, half awake, half asleep ... gorgeousness, he's still inside me".
When asked about its sexually explicit nature, the singer responded: "Erm, yeah. I guess a part of me wanted to be truthful about what it is that really drives me, and maybe give back to the place that is nourishing me ... I don't know what to say. When I read books or see films or listen to albums I want certain things. I want a heart—I'm very old school like that, I'm very emotional ... I just didn't want anybody to know. I wanted it for myself. The lyric to 'Cocoon' was a whole diary, then I had to edit 90 per cent of it out. It's very hard to explain, but when I read it and the other person it's about reads it, we don't feel abused or anything. I think there's songs where I've been more ... scruffy about what I'm expressing. I have a problem with music that's too indulgent. It's like 'Keep your own dirty laundry, please'".
"Cocoon" was received with positive reviews from music critics. AllMusic's Heather Phares called the song "seductively alien". Seth Stevenson from Slate magazine gave a positive review to it, commenting that because of the song, Björk is "actually at her best either barely murmuring or full-out yelling, and she may be the most stylized vocalist in music today". Michael Cragg from The Guardian commented that "Vespertine is littered with defining moments. While the first single Hidden Place, the choir-assisted Undo and the Matmos collaboration Aurora are among the highlights, it's Cocoon that best represents the album's sense of heavy-lidded, post-coital hibernation". David Fricke from Rolling Stone commented that "the flurry of rhythm" at the start of the song felt like "the gravity of a spider scurrying across linoleum". Ian Gittins, author of Björk: Human Behaviour - the Stories Behind Every Song, referred to "Cocoon" as the eyes of many of the most significant moments of Vespertine, as well as the most complete display and literal philosophy that the singer had taken for the album.
British magazine NME's Joe Logic was also positive saying, "Soft organs and Rice Krispies (Eh? - Cereal Ed) feature heavily on a very minimalist 'Cocoon', a beautiful love song featuring Bjork whispering sexual lyrics over a track that To Rococo Rot would be proud of". Stephen Dalton from the same publication was less positive, and stated: "Then there is the uncomfortably intimate, tremble-whisper Björk voice of 'Cocoon' where she relates the joy of shutting herself away with her lover with a broken music box and some mouldy old string". Greg Kot from Blender magazine commented that album openers "Hidden Place" and "Cocoon" "live up to their billing as sound sanctuaries, with Björk singing a barely-above-a-whisper lullaby enhanced by the plush embrace of a choir". The Wire opined that the track "nearly matches the macabre tone of Dancer in the Dark, particularly the trembling moment three minutes in, when her barely audible whisper conjures a feeling beyond sadness as she pleads, 'Who would have known?'"
In the United Kingdom, "Cocoon" debuted at its peak of number 35 on the UK Singles Chart on the issue dated 17 March 2002. It fell to number 65 the next week, before falling off the chart. The song debuted at number 61 in France, on the issue dated 23 March 2002, but fell to number 89 the next week, before falling off the chart. In Spain, "Cocoon" had commercial success, peaking at number eight on its singles chart.
The accompanying music video for "Cocoon" was directed by Eiko Ishioka and shot in April 2001 in New York City. It was premiered at Raindance Film Festival on 24 October 2001, and was made available online through the singer's official website on 12 February 2002. Its treatment was described as playing with "minimalist white for both costume and bleached eyebrows, treating Björk as a geisha whose makeup extends over her entire nude body". The video begins with many apparently nude Björks singing. Throughout the video, red threads emerge from her nipples and circulate between her breasts and nose, finally enveloping her in a cocoon. Björk actually wore a very close-fitting body suit. Following the music video for previous single "Pagan Poetry", it was also banned from prime-time MTV. The music video for "Cocoon" was included in the DVDs Volumen Plus (2002) and Greatest Hits - Volumen 1993–2003 (2002).
Björk performed "Cocoon" on the 2001 Vespertine World Tour. It was later included on the DVD titled Live at Royal Opera House, released in 2002. The song was also performed by the singer on the American talk show The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. Jeremy Allen from NME magazine included it on his list of "10 Greatest Musical Moments" on the show, commenting, "with her fingers tinted like icicles and the background sonics just a sparse and glitchy soundscape with tinkles of warm xylophone like the inside of some ethereal cave, the singer takes a little bit of Iceland to the USA - via heaven - with her voice as commanding as it ever was". She also performed it across Europe following its release as a single, including The Jonathan Ross Show, Die Harald Schmidt Show, Johnny Vaughan Tonight, Top of the Pops, and Music Planet 2Nite.
Track listings and formats
- Björk − vocals, songwriter, producer, programming
- Thomas Knak − songwriter, producer, programming
- Mark "Spike" Stent − mixing
- Eiko Ishioka − art direction
- Tim Wilder − CGI artist
- Rafael Esquer − graphic design
- Erik Gosh − music box engineering at Bugosh Music Recording Studios
- Siobhan Paine − coordination at Olympic Studios, London, England
Credits adapted from "Cocoon" liner notes.
|Scotland (Official Charts Company)||63|
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||35|
|UK Indie (Official Charts Company)||3|
- "The Twilight World of Björk". NME. 11 August 2001. ISSN 0028-6362.
- "Björk". Record Collector: 43. August 2002. ISSN 0034-1568.
- Pytlik, 2003. p.162
- "Cocoon". bjork.com. Archived from the original on 20 August 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Cragg, Michael (26 March 2014). "10 of the best: Björk". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- Phares, Heather. "Vespertine – Björk". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- Stevenson, Seth (5 September 2001). "Judge Björk". Slate. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- Fricke, David (20 August 2001). "Vespertine". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- Gittins, 2002. p.119
- Logic, Joe. "Bjork 'Vespertine' track-by-track". NME. Archived from the original on 13 February 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Dalton, Stephen. "Björk - Vespertine". NME. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Kot, Greg. "Bjork - Vespertine". Blender. Archived from the original on 24 October 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- "Björk - Vespertine". The Wire (210): 52. August 2001. ISSN 0952-0686. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Archive Chart: 2002-03-24/". UK Singles Chart. 24 March 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Lescharts.com – Björk – Cocoon" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Spanishcharts.com – Björk – Cocoon" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "bjork.com > vespertine". bjork.com. Archived from the original on 2 August 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "DIGITAL UP Magazine Free ZERO Issue - Page 25". Joomag. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015.
- "Cocoon Web Premiere @ bjork.com". Grapewire. bjork.com. 12 February 2002. Archived from the original on 23 November 2005. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Beebe, Roger; Middleton, Jason (2007). Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cellphones. Duke University Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-8223-4162-8. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- Robisnon, Joe (5 July 2013). "Bjork, 'Cocoon' – Banned Music Videos". Diffuser.fm. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- "We Have Volumen Lift Off". Grapewire. bjork.com. 2 December 2002. Archived from the original on 23 November 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- "Royal Opera House". Amazon.com. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Allen, Jeremy (7 February 2014). "Jay Leno On The Tonight Show - 10 Greatest Musical Moments". NME. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Björk was on Ross today". Grapewire. bjork.com. 2 March 2002. Archived from the original on 29 November 2005. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Hosted by Harald Schmidt (6 March 2002). "Björk at Die Harald Schmidt Show". Die Harald Schmidt Show. 43 minutes in. Sat.1.
- Hosted by Johnny Vaughan (2002). "Björk at Johnny Vaughan Tonight". Johnny Vaughan Tonight. Season 1. BBC.
- "From the 00's - Bjork - Cocoon". BBC. 22 March 2002. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Björk at Music Planet 2Nite". Music Planet 2Nite. 28 May 2002. 45:00 minutes in. Arte.
- Cocoon (UK CD1 single liner notes). Björk. One Little Indian Records. 2002. 322TP7CD1.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Cocoon (UK CD2 single liner notes). Björk. One Little Indian Records. 2002. 322TP7CD2.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Cocoon (UK DVD single liner notes). Björk. One Little Indian Records. 2002. 322TP7DVD.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Cocoon (UK CDR single liner notes). Björk. One Little Indian Records. 2002.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Cocoon (UK VHS single liner notes). Björk. One Little Indian Records. 2002.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
- "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Official Independent Singles Chart Top 50". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Pytlik, Mark (2003). Björk: Wow and Flutter. ECW Press. ISBN 978-0-8195-6514-3.
- Gittins, Ian (2002). Björk: Human Behaviour - the Stories Behind Every Song. Giunti Editore. ISBN 978-1-84222-673-5.