Cocos Malay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cocos Islands Malay language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cocos Islands Malay
Basa Pulu Cocos
Native toAustralia, Malaysia
RegionCocos (Keeling) Islands, Sabah
Ethnicity4,000 in Malaysia (2000)[1]
Native speakers
(1,100 in Australia cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3coa

Cocos Malay is a post-creolized variety of Malay, spoken by the Cocos Malays of Home Island, Christmas Island, and those originally from the Cocos Islands currently living in Sabah.[1]

Cocos Malay derives from the Malay trade languages of the 19th century, specifically the Betawi language,[3] with a strong additional Javanese influence. Malay is offered as a second language in schools, and Malaysian has prestige status; both are influencing the language, bringing it more in line with standard Malay.[4] There is also a growing influence of English, considering the Islands having been an Australian territory and globalization drifting modern terms into the daily parlance.

It has the following characteristics:

  • Javanese influence: cucut "shark", kates "papaya", walikat "shoulderblade" etc.
  • First-person and second-person singular "gua" "lu", from Hokkien.
  • Causative verb "kasi".
  • "Ada" not only means "there is ...", but also is the progressive particle.
  • Possessive marker "punya".
  • Third person indefinite "ong", from orang "person"[5]


  1. ^ a b c Cocos Islands Malay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cocos Islands Malay". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Wurm, Mühlhäusler, & Tryon, Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas, 1996:686
  4. ^ Ansaldo, 2006. "Cocos (Keeling) Islands: Language Situation". In Keith Brown, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
  5. ^ Alexander Adelaar, 1996. "Malay in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands 1996".