|Cocos Islands Malay|
|Basa Pulu Cocos|
|Native to||Australia, Malaysia|
|Region||Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Sabah|
|Ethnicity||4,000 in Malaysia (2000)|
|(1,100 in Australia cited 1987)|
Cocos Malay derives from the Malay trade languages of the 19th century, specifically the Betawi language, with a strong additional Javanese influence. Malay is offered as a second language in schools, and Malaysian has prestige status; both are influencing the language, bringing it more in line with standard Malay. There is also a growing influence of English, considering the Islands having been an Australian territory and globalization drifting modern terms into the daily parlance.
It has the following characteristics:
- Javanese influence: cucut "shark", kates "papaya", walikat "shoulderblade" etc.
- First-person and second-person singular "gua" "lu", from Hokkien.
- Causative verb "kasi".
- "Ada" not only means "there is ...", but also is the progressive particle.
- Possessive marker "punya".
- Third person indefinite "ong", from orang "person"
- Cocos Islands Malay at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cocos Islands Malay". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Wurm, Mühlhäusler, & Tryon, Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas, 1996:686
- Ansaldo, 2006. "Cocos (Keeling) Islands: Language Situation". In Keith Brown, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
- Alexander Adelaar, 1996. "Malay in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands 1996".
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