Code Red (Monica album)

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Code Red
Code Red (Monica album).jpg
Studio album by Monica
Released December 18, 2015 (2015-12-18)
Recorded 2013–15
Length 52:30
Label RCA
Monica chronology
New Life
Code Red
Singles from Code Red
  1. "Just Right for Me"
    Released: May 4, 2015 (2015-05-04)

Code Red is the eighth studio album by American recording artist Monica. It was released on December 18, 2015, by RCA Records and coincided with the twentieth release anniversary of her debut album Miss Thang (1995).[2] For the project, Monica reteamed with her cousin Polow da Don, who had co-executive produced her previous album New Life (2012). The pair enlisted a variation of producers and songwriters to work with her, including Danja, DJ HardWork, Fatboi, Keyzbaby, Pop & Oak, and Timbaland – in addition to longtime collaborators such as performers Missy Elliott and Akon, and songwriters Crystal Nicole and Johntá Austin.

Upon its release, Code Red received generally mixed reviews from most music critics. The album debuted at number 27 on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 35,656 copies in its first week. Leading single "Just Right for Me", a collaboration with Lil Wayne reached number twelve on the Billboard's Adult R&B Songs chart but failed to impact elsewhere, resulting in lackluster sales in general and the release of no further singles. In support of the album, Monica embarked on her first solo concert tour in years, The Code Red Experience to promote Code Red.


Following the release of her seventh studio album New Life (2012) and a Grammy Award-nominated collaboration with gospel artists Fred Hammond, James Fortune and FIYA's on the single "Hold On",[3] Monica took a hiatus in which she began preparing a follow-up.[4] On October 8, 2012, only six months after releasing New Life, Monica confirmed on Twitter that she was in the very early stages of her eighth album and was having meetings with RCA Records CEO Peter Edge while staying in New York City.[4] During her hiatus, on September 3, 2013, Monica gave birth to her third child, Laiyah Shannon Brown, her first child with NBA player Shannon Brown.[5] While she mostly cared for Laiyah, she soon resumed recording and the following month, she appeared on the soundtrack of Malcolm D. Lee's Christmas comedy-drama The Best Man Holiday with her rendition of "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas".[6]

In early 2015, in an interview for Atlanta urban radio station Hot 107.9 FM, Monica expressed dissatisfaction with contemporary R&B radio.[7] She intended Code Red to help change that status, commenting, "Right now for R&B music, there's a state of emergency. Myself being one person, one artist, I can't change that on my own. No one is that powerful, but all of us together, I think we can make huge strides, allowing this generation to enjoy what this music embodies, which is a lot of love, passion, soul."[7] In an interview with online music magazine Singersroom, she further elaborated, that "Code Red is just my way of saying let's bring attention to the music. I love the music today, but I think it's important to get back to music that touched our hearts. Let's get back to the soul of R&B music. So I'm saying that this is a part of my fight, the continuation of making great music."[8]

Following the release and moderate commercial success of New Life, Monica felt that she was distancing herself from younger music listeners and that the album, while neither specifically recorded for her core audience nor urban adult contemporary, had failed to connect with a more influential audience.[9] Initial plans had her working with frequent collaborators such as Missy Elliott, Rico Love, Jim Jonsin, Polow Da Don, Stargate but also new contributors, including Red Styles and Mike Will Made It, to create a "fresh sound".[4]


Code Red marked Akon and Monica's first collaboration in 15 years.[10]

Title track "Code Red" is an aggressive uptempo dance song that features guest vocals by longtime collaborator Missy Elliott as well as a cameo from Monica's daughter Laiyah.[11] It was inspired by "the sound that lived in Atlanta, especially in the 1990s".[12] Lyrically, the song sees Monica and Elliott lamenting those artists who are out chasing hits, leading to the genre’s lack of creativity and diversity.[13] "Just Right for Me" is a hip hop-infused soul track that jumbles a sample of the 1968 song "Much Better Off", performed by Smokey Robinson and The Miracles, with a thick drum arrangement.[14] Musically, it follows previous singles such as “So Gone” and “Everything to Me".[1] "Just Right for Me" marked Monica's first collaboration with rapper and feature Lil Wayne.[14] "Love Just Ain’t Enough", a duet with Timbaland, is a soulful mid-tempo track led by a snap beat.[10] "Call My Name" opens with a self-recorded portion from "A Dream Is a Wish Your Heart Makes", a song written for Walt Disney's Cinderella (1950). On the uplifting ballad, Monica suspects her lover of cheating, asking him to "call my name".[1]

Supported by piano and reverb,[10] Monica pledges ler love and loyalty on "I Know",[15] a heartfelt ballad in which she sings about leaving emotional baggage behind while getting into a new relationship.[16] On "All Men Lie", another duet sung and written by Timbaland,[12] Monica insists that all men are the same. Led by a mix of big horns and hip-hop sensibility it follows an experimental melancholy.[17] "Deep" is a luminous ballad that takes on an edgier tone as the singer talks about falling in love.[16][18] "Hustler's Ambition" features singer Akon and tells the tale of distanced but committed love between a criminal and his woman over Latin-inspired instrumentals and soft singing.[11][14]

Release and promotion[edit]

A release date for her eighth album was first suggested in October 2013, when Monica expressed her intention of releasing it in late 2014.[19] In January 2015, the singer took to her Instagram page to announce that the title of the album would be Code Red, when she posted a photo of a red bar code above the title that read "#AlbumComingSoon #CodeRed".[20] In an interview with American hip-hop DJ Smallz, released on YouTube on July 29, 2015, Monica announced that Code Red would be released on September 18, 2015.[9] The album's original release date was preceded by a private listening party at the PatchWerk Recording Studios in West Midtown in Atlanta on August 27.[21] Attendees included husband Shannon Brown, producer Polow Da Don, and rappers Young Jeezy, and Kap G.[21]

However, though recording sessions for the album were concluded, it was soon bumped to October 2 and eventually pushed to TBA status again.[22] Commenting on this decision, Monica cited promotional reasons as a major reason for delay and wrote on Instagram that "it was a very hard decision to push this album date back. The music is ready and the label was ready to drop it immediately [...] My love for the people and my connection to them made me want to reach them. Get out on the road and go places many pass by".[22] A month later, in anticipation of her upcoming album, she announced dates for The Code Red Experience, her first solo concert tour in years. Joined by special guest Rico Love, the 22-date venue started on November 12 in Las Vegas.[23] On November 1, 2015, she announced through social media that the Code Red album would be released on December 18,[24] and on November 19, she revealed its cover art and track listing.[25] The next day, it was made available for pre-order.[25]


"Just Right for Me", featuring guest vocals from rapper Lil Wayne was released as the lead single from Code Red. It premiered on Los Angeles radio station Power 106's programme Lift Off on May 18, 2015.[26] Released on June 26, 2015, the song debuted at number 26 on the US Billboard Adult R&B Songs chart during the week of July 25, 2015, and peaked at number 12 on the chart. In the weeks leading up to the album's release, title track "Code Red" featuring Missy Elliott and vocals from Monica's daughter Laiyah, "Hustler's Ambition" featuring Akon, and the ballad "I Know" were released online.[25] On January 15, 2016, Monica confirmed on Twitter that "Alone in Your Heart" would be released as the second single from Code Red but was eventually scrapped for unknown reasons.[27]

Critical response[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic3/5 stars[18]
Knoxville News Sentinel4/5 stars[10]
New York Times(mixed)[14]

Code Red has received generally mixed reviews from music critics. Jon Caramanica of New York Times felt that the Code Red "manifests in the tension between traditionalist instincts and modern music-making imperatives". He also noted that its sound reflects "choices of an artist trying to thread several needles at once".[14] Knoxville News Sentinel writer Chuck Campbell gave the album four stars out of five. While he complimented her collaborations with Lil Wayne, Elliott, and Timbaland, he stated that "Monica fares best on Code Red when she goes it alone at the microphone with her powerful pipes", making "a good case for reviving R&B with Code Red."[10] Michael Arceneaux, writing for Ebony, declared Code Red "an enjoyable listen", praising it as "Monica’s best album in years, and a reminder that when you have a format that works for you, stick with it and stop swerving". He noted comparisons with Tamia's Love Life (2015), citing its undoubtedly "awareness of current trends, and in select cases on the album, offers a nod to them without going too far left."[28]

Glenn Gamboa from Newsday found that with Code Red, Monica raises "the flag for over-30 R&B lovers", spending "the rest of Code Red looking to give people something new to sing to. And that doesn’t mean just old-school soul".[1] Allmusic's Andy Kellman rated the album three ouf of five stars and summed it as "another Monica album that, at its best, draws from the past while remaining in the present [...] Subtract the mixed and muddled messages, and Code Red is satisfactory." He felt that "what truly distinguishes Code Red from the rest of Monica's albums is that the singer is credited as co-writer of every track. Unsurprisingly, she sounds completely connected to every song".[29] Canadian music magazine Exclaim! summed that "Code Red is a well packaged collection of songs, but falls short on containing anything on the same calibre of Monica's iconic hit "The Boy Is Mine."[11]

Commercial performance[edit]

The week after its domestic release, Code Red debuted at number four on the US Billboard's Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, and at number 27 on the Billboard 200 chart,[30] with first week sales of 35,656 copies — half as much as her previous album, New Life (2012), which had first-week sales of 69,000 copies.[31] However, this marked Monica's eighth top ten album in this country on the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums charts.[30]

Track listing[edit]

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Code Red.[2][32]

1."Code Red" (featuring Missy Elliott and Laiyah)
2."Just Right for Me" (featuring Lil Wayne)
  • Polow da Don
  • Blanco[C]
3."Love Just Ain’t Enough" (featuring Timbaland)
  • Brown
  • Nick Brongers
  • Donald
  • Kirby Lauryen
  • Timothy Mosley
  • Jonathan Solone-Myvett
  • Timbaland
  • Solone-MyvettA]
  • Brongers[B]
  • Blanco[C]
4."Call My Name"
  • Brown
  • Donald
  • Daniel Jones
  • J. Jones
  • Lauryen
  • Mosley
  • Solone-Myvett
  • Timbaland
  • Polow da Don
  • JonesA]
  • Blanco[C]
5."I Know"
  • Brown
  • Philip Constable
  • Lindsay Gilbert
  • DJ HardWerk
  • Lindsay "Mavelle" Gilbert[C]
6."All Men Lie" (featuring Timbaland)
  • Brown
  • Brongers
  • Lauryen
  • Mosley
  • Timbaland
  • Brongers[B]
  • Blanco[C]
8."Hustler's Ambition" (featuring Akon)
  • Akon
  • DJ HardWerk
  • Lindsay "Mavelle" Gilbert[C]
9."Alone In Your Heart"Pop & Oak3:35
  • Polow da Don
  • Blanco[C]
11."Ocean of Tears"
  • DJ HardWerk
  • Nicole[C]
12."Saints & Sinners"
13."I Miss Music"
  • DJ HardWerk
  • Gilbert[C]
  • Brown
  • LaDamon Douglas
  • Tami Latrell
  • Jerome Simmons
  • Atozzio Towns
  • Michael White


  • ^[A] denotes additional producer
  • ^[B] denotes co-producer
  • ^[C] denotes vocal producer
Sample credits[32]


Credits and personnel[edit]


Technical and production

  • Recording – Chad Jolley, Chris Godbey, Chris King, Matt Weber, Oak, Roark Bailey
  • Recording assistants – Perry Jimenez
  • Mixing – Abel Garibaldi, Chris King, Leslie Brathwaite, Marcella Araica
  • Mastering – Chris Athens

Visuals and imagery

  • Art direction, design – Fusako Chubachi
  • Creative direction – Erwin Gorostiza
  • Photography – Tyler Kolhoff

Release history[edit]

List of release dates, showing region, formats, label, editions and reference
Region Date Format(s) Label Edition(s) Ref.
Japan December 18, 2015 Sony Standard [2]
United States RCA [35]


  1. ^ a b c d e Gamboa, Glenn (2015-12-17). "'Code Red' review: Monica's R&B for adults". Newsday. Cablevision. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  2. ^ a b c "Monica: Code Red". iTunes. Apple (Japan). December 18, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  3. ^ "2013 Christian Grammy winners". Christian Today. Andrew Clark. February 11, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  4. ^ a b c "Monica Preps New Album with Big Name Producers". October 10, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  5. ^ Eggenberger, Nicole (2013-09-06). "Monica, Shannon Brown Welcome Baby Girl Laiyah: First Photo!". US Magazine. Retrieved 2015-05-10.
  6. ^ The Best Man Holiday (liner notes). Various Artists. RCA Records. 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Monica Brown & DJ Sense on Hoodrich Radio". Hoodrich Radio. YouTube. 2015-05-06. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
  8. ^ Carson, Dominique (2015-12-16). "EXCLUSIVE: Monica Talks Code Red, Evolution of R&B, Working with Missy & Akon, and More". Singersroom. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  9. ^ a b "Monica Reveals Meaning Behind "Code Red" Album Title and September 18th Release Date". DJ Smallz Eyes 2. YouTube. 2015-07-29. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  10. ^ a b c d e Campbell, Chuck (2015-12-22). "Tuned In' review: Monica's 'Code Red' bucks music trends". Knoxville News Sentinel. Journal Media Group. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  11. ^ a b c d Abdigir, Ebyan (December 16, 2015). "Monica – Code Red". Exclaim!. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
  12. ^ a b Samuels, Keithan (2015-12-16). "INTERVIEW: Monica Breaks Down Songs On 'Code Red' Album, Recaps Favorite Moment On Tour". RatedRnB. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
  13. ^ "Monica And Missy Declare A 'Code Red' For R&B". Uproxx. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
  14. ^ a b c d e Caramanica, Jon (2015-12-16). "Review: 'Code Red' Is Monica at a Turning Point". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  15. ^ "Monica Pledges Her Love And Loyalty On 'I Know'". Uproxx. 2015-12-04. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
  16. ^ a b Johnson, Victoria (2015-12-18). "Monica Reveals Her Most Personal Song on 'Code Red'". The Boombox. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
  17. ^ Bowser, Edward T. (2015-12-17). "Album Review: Monica, Code Red". YouKnowIGotSoul. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
  18. ^ a b Kellman, Andy. "New Life – Monica". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Review. Retrieved 2015-12-19.
  19. ^ Alexander, Ty (2013-10-29). "Monica On Balancing Work, Parenthood & Social Media". Hello Beautiful. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  20. ^ Cummings, Moriba (2013-01-24). "Monica Announces New Album, Code Red". BET. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  21. ^ a b Shropshire, Terry (2015-08-28). "Monica's private listening party for Code RED album at Patchwerk Studios". The Chicago Defender. Cheryl Mainor. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  22. ^ a b Brown, Monica (2015-09-18). "Coming this FALL..." Instagram. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  23. ^ "Monica Announces 'Code Red Experience' Tour". Rap-Up. 2015-10-19. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  24. ^ Brown, Monica (2015-11-01). "Happy Sunday..." Instagram. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  25. ^ a b c "New Music: Monica feat. Missy Elliott – 'Code Red'". Rap-Up. 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  26. ^ "Monica Hooks Up With Lil Wayne For 'Just Right For Me'". Vibe. Spin Media. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2015-05-19.
  27. ^ Monica [@MonicaBrown] (16 January 2016). "Alone in Your Heart❤️❤is the ️Second Single from my New Album CODE RED.... Be sure to request it…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2015 – via Twitter. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  28. ^ Arceneaux, Michael (2015-12-23). "Monica Issues an Urgent 'Code Red'". Ebony. Johnson Publishing Company. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  29. ^ Collar, Matt. "New Life – Monica". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Review. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
  30. ^ a b c "Monica Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  31. ^ "Monica's 'New Life' Makes Top 5 Debut". Rap-Up. 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
  32. ^ a b Code Red (Media notes). Monica. RCA Records. 2015.
  33. ^ "Monica Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  34. ^ "R&B/Hip-Hop Albums: Year End 2016". Billboard. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  35. ^ "Monica: Code Red". iTunes. Apple (US). December 18, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-19.

External links[edit]