Codex Athous Dionysiou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Uncial 045
New Testament manuscript
Codex 045 (Gregory-Aland).jpg
NameAthous Dionysiou
Date9th century
Now atDionysiou monastery
Size22 x 16 cm
TypeByzantine text-type
Noteclose to codices E, U

Codex Athous Dionysiou, designated by Ω or 045 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 61 (von Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament. The codex is dated palaeographically to the 9th century.[1] It has marginalia.


The codex contains almost a complete text of the four Gospels 259 thick parchment leaves (22 cm by 16 cm), with only one small lacuna in Gospel of Luke 1:15-28.[2] The text is written in two columns per page, 19-22 lines per page,[1] 13-15 letters per line. Ink is brown. The letters are large, first lines in red ink. It has breathings and accents.[3]

It contains lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, the τιτλοι at the top, the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 Sections), references to the Eusebian Canons, lectionary equipment on a margin, pictures, liturgical books Synaxarion and Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbers of στιχοι.[4] It contains breathings and accents.[4] It has errors of itacism, full of hiatus and another errors.[citation needed]

The texts of Matthew 10:37, Matthew 16:2b–3, and Luke 22:43-44 are marked by obeli on a margin.[4] It contains texts of John 5:3-4 and the Pericope Adulterae obelised in the margin.[4] Matthew 21:20 was omitted but added to the margin by the original scribe.


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, with some Alexandrian readings. According to Hermann von Soden it is one of the three oldest manuscripts that present the earliest variety of the Byzantine text-type (after S and V).[2][5] Soden included it to the textual family K1.[5] Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[1]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20. It creates cluster with Minuscule 584.[6]

In John 1:29 it lacks ο Ιωαννης along with manuscripts Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, Vaticanus, Cyprius, Campianus, Petropolitanus Purpureus, Vaticanus 354, Nanianus, Macedoniensis, Sangallensis, Koridethi, Petropolitanus, Athous Lavrensis, 047, 0141, 8, 9, 565, 1192;[7]

In John 5:25 it has "Son of Man" instead of "Son of God". Nazareth is transcribed in two ways as Ναζαρεθ (Alexandrian) and Ναζαρετ (Byzantine), Mose as Μωυσης (Alexandrian) and Μωσης (Byzantine). In John 1:28 it has the Alexandrian variant βηθανια (Bethany).


It was collated by Mary W. Winslow, and edited by Kirsopp Lake and Silva New.

The codex is now located at the Dionysiou monastery (10) 55, on Mount Athos.[1][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. ^ a b Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 86.
  3. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 94.
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 95.
  5. ^ a b Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments, pp. 718-721, 765-774.
  6. ^ F. Wisse, The Profile Method for Classifying and Evaluating Manuscripts Evidence (Wm. Eerdmans 1982), pp. 52, 63.
  7. ^ The Gospel According to John in the Byzantine Tradition (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2007), p. 7
  8. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kirsopp Lake and Silva New, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts Harvard Theological Studies, XVII, (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1932; 2007), pp. 3–25.
  • Russell Champlin, Family E and Its Allies in Matthew (Studies and Documents, XXIII; Salt Lake City, UT, 1967).
  • J. Greelings, Family E and Its Allies in Mark (Studies and Documents, XXXI; Salt Lake City, UT, 1968).
  • J. Greelings, Family E and Its Allies in Luke (Studies and Documents, XXXV; Salt Lake City, UT, 1968).
  • Frederik Wisse, Family E and the Profile Method, Biblica 51, (1970), pp. 67–75.

External links[edit]

Media related to Codex Athous Dionysiou at Wikimedia Commons