Codex Guelferbytanus A

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Uncial 024
New Testament manuscript
Luke 1:6-13
Luke 1:6-13
NameGuelferbytanus A
Date6th century
FoundF. A. Knittel, 18th century
Now atWolfenbüttel
Size26.5 cm by 21.5 cm
TypeByzantine text-type

Codex Guelferbytanus A designated by Pe or 024 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 33 (von Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the Gospels, dated palaeographically to the 6th century. The manuscript is very lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels in a very fragmentary condition on 44 leaves (26.5 cm by 21.5 cm). Written in two columns per page, 24 lines per column.[1] It does not contain in genere breathings and accents. Sometimes it uses breathings, but often wrongly. It has errors of iotacism in the Alexandrian way.[2]

Matthew 1:11-21; 3:13-4:19; 10:7-19; 10:42-11:11; 13:40-50; 14:15-15:3.29-39;
Mark 1:2-11; 3:5-17; 14:13-24.48-61; 15:12-37;
Luke 1:1-13; 2:9-20; 6:21-42; 7:32-8:2; 8:31-50; 9:26-36; 10:36-11:4; 12:34-45; 14:14-25; 15:13-16:22; 18:13-39; 20:21-21:3; 22:3-16; 23:20-33; 23:45-24:1; 24:14-37;
John 1:29-40; 2:13-25; 21:1-11.[2]

The notation of the Ammonian Sections is given in the margin of text, but without reference to the Eusebian Canons. The nomina sacra attested in this uncial fragment are ΙΣ (Iesous, Jesus) ΧΣ (Christos, Christ), ΚΣ (Kurios, Lord) ΘΣ, ΥΣ, ΠΗΡ, ΠΝΑ, ΙΛΗΜ, ΑΝΟΣ, and ΔΑΔ. The number "forty" is also written with an abbreviation — Μ. All the abbreviations are marked with the superscript bar.[3]

It is a palimpsest. The whole book is known as Codex Guelferbytanus 64 Weissenburgensis. The upper text is in Latin and contains Isidore of Seville's Origines.


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[1] According to the Claremont Profile Method in Luke 20 it has mixed text.[4]

According to Scrivener the codex agrees with AB united 50 times, sides with B against A 29 times, and accords with A against B in 102 places.[5]


Codex Guelferbytanus B 00474.jpg

Formerly the manuscript was held in Bobbio, Weissenburg, Mainz, and Prague. The Duke of Brunswick bought it in 1689.[2]

The manuscript became known to scholars in the latter half of the 18th century. Franz Anton Knittel (1721–1792) discovered it in the Ducal Library of Wolfenbüttel.[3] Knittel recognized two palimpsest Greek texts of the New Testament in the codex and designated them by A and B. F. A. He published the Gothic text of the codex (Codex Carolinus) at Brunswick in 1762.[6] The lower Greek text was collated and edited by Tischendorf in 1860. [7]

The codex is located at the Herzog August Bibliothek (Weissenburg 64) in Wolfenbüttel.[1][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 62.
  3. ^ a b F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (George Bell & Sons: London 1894), Vol. 1, pp. 143-144.
  4. ^ Frederik Wisse, The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, (Grand Rapids, 1982), p. 52.
  5. ^ F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (George Bell & Sons: London 1894), Vol. 1, p. 144.
  6. ^ Knittel, Ulphilae versionem Gothicam nonnullorum capitum epistolae Pauli ad Romanos e litura MS. rescript Bibliothecae Guelferbytanae, cum variis monumentis ineditis eruit, commentatus est, detitque foras, Brunovici 1762
  7. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 63.
  8. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]