Codex Guelferbytanus B
|New Testament manuscript|
|Size||26.5 cm by 21.5 cm|
Codex Guelferbytanus B designated by Q or 026 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 4 (von Soden), is a Greek uncial manuscript of the Gospels, dated palaeographically to the 5th century. It is a palimpsest.
Gospel of Luke 4:34-5:4, 6:10-26, 12:6-43, 15:14-31, 17:34-18:15, 18:34-19:11, 19:47-20:17, 20:34-21:8, 22:27-46, 23:30-49;
The codex contains text of the Gospels in a fragmentary condition on 13 parchment leaves (26.5 cm by 21.5 cm). It is written in two columns per page, 28 lines per column, in large uncial letters. The letters Θ, Ε, Ο, Σ being compressed, a departure from the very ancient forms. The text is divided according to the Ammonian Sections, whose numbers are given at the margin, but references to the Eusebian Canons are absent. It is speculated that references to the Eusebian Canons were written in red.
It is a palimpsest, with many verses illegible. The upper text of the codex is in Latin text Isidore of Seville's (Origins and letters), as in the Codex Guelferbytanus A. The whole book is known as Codex Guelferbytanus 64 Weissenburgensis.
The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, with a number (about 20%) of an alien readings (usually Alexandrian), which stand in a close agreement with the later Alexandrian witnesses L, 33, 579). According to Kurt and Barbara Aland it agrees 5 times with the Byzantine text against the original, it does not support original text against the Byzantine, it agrees with both 5 times. It has 2 independent or distinctive readings. Alands placed it in Category V.
According to the Claremont Profile Method it has mixed text in Luke 20.
In John 12:4 it reads λεγει ουν εις των μαθητων αυτου Ιουδας Σιμωνος Ισκαριωτης;
- John 12:5 πτωχοις ] τοις πτωχοις
- John 12:6 ειπεν δε τουτο ουχ οτι ] omitted
- John 12:6 εβασταζεν ] εβαωζεν
- John 12:7 τηρηση ] τηρησεν
- John 12:9 εγνω ουν ο οχλος πολυς ] εγνω ουν οχλος πολυς
- John 12:12 ο ] omitted
- John 12:13 — ] λεγοντες
- John 12:16 αυτου οι μαθηται ] οι μαθηται αυτου
- John 12:19 ειπαν ] ειπον
- John 12:19 ο κοσμος ] ο κοσμος ολος
The history of the codex is linked with Guelferbytanus A. It was examined, collated, and edited by Constantin von Tischendorf. The codex is located in Wolfenbüttel Herzog August Bibliothek (Weissenburg 64).
- Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 34.
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 63.
- F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (George Bell & Sons: London 1894), Vol. 1, p. 144.
- F. H. A. Scrivener, "A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament" (George Bell & Sons: London 1894), Vol. 1, pp. 143-144.
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Constantin von Tischendorf, Monumenta sacra inedita III (Leipzig, 1860), pp. 263–291.
- U. B. Schmid, D. C. Parker, W. J. Elliott, The Gospel according to St. John: The majuscules (Brill 2007), pp. 45–51. [text of the codex in the Gospel of John]