Codex Petropolitanus (New Testament)

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For the similarly named manuscript, see Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus.
Uncial 041
New Testament manuscript
Beginning of Luke
Beginning of Luke
Name Petropolitanus
Sign Π
Text Gospels
Date 9th-century
Script Greek
Found Tischendorf, 1859
Now at National Library of Russia
Size 14.5 x 10.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note member of the family Π

Codex Petropolitanus, designated by Π or 041 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 73 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek uncial manuscript of the Gospels, dated palaeographically to the 9th-century. The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains an almost complete text of the four Gospels on 350 parchment leaves (14.5 cm by 10.5 cm) with some lacunae in Matt 3:12-4:17; 19:12-20:2; Luke 1:76-2:18; John 6:15-35; 8:6-39; 9:21-10:3. Texts of Mark 16:18-20 and John 21:22-25 were supplied by minuscule hand in the 12th-century.[2]

The text is written in one column per page, 21 lines per page.[3] The letters are small, with breathings, and accents.[2]

The tables of the κεφαλαια before each Gospel. The text is divided according to the Ammonian Sections with a references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

The texts of John 5:4 and 8:3-6 are marked by an asterisk.[2]


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, in close relationship to the Codex Alexandrinus,[5] and other later uncials.[4] Together with Codex Cyprius it belongs to the textual family Π.[6][7] Aland placed it in Category V.[3]

Luke 9:55-56

στραφεις δε επετιμησεν αυτοις και ειπεν, Ουκ οιδατε ποιου πνευματος εστε υμεις; ο γαρ υιος του ανθρωπου ουκ ηλθεν ψυχας ανθρωπων απολεσαι αλλα σωσαι (but He turned and rebuked them and He said: "You do not know what manner of spirit you are of; for the Son of man came not to destroy men's lives but to save them) — as in codices Codex Cyprius 1079 1242 1546 (f1 omit γαρ) (Θ f13 omit υμεις and γαρ).[8]



The manuscript belonged to the family Parodi in Smyrna. It was brought by Tischendorf in 1859.[2]

Present location

The codex is located in the National Library of Russia (Gr. 34) in Saint Petersburg.[3][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 36. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 92. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4th ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 163. 
  5. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration. Oxford University Press. pp. 83–84. ISBN 978-0195161229. 
  6. ^ Silva Lake, "Family Π and the Codex Alexandrinus. The Text According to Mark", London 1937.
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 52. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 248.
  9. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • C. v. Tischendorf, Notitia editionis codicis Bibliorum Sinaitici, 1860, pp. 51 f.
  • Silva Lake, Family Π and the Codex Alexandrinus: The Text According to Mark, S & D V (London 1937).
  • J. Greelings, Family Π in Luke, S & D XXII (Salt Lake City, 1962).
  • R. Champlin, Family Π in Matthew, S & D XXIV (Salt Lake City, 1964).
  • Bousset, Wilhelm (1894). Die Gruppe K Π (M) in den Evangelien. Texte und Untersuchungen. 11. Leipzig. pp. 111–135. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 

External links[edit]