Codex Sangallensis 907

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Codex Sangallensis 907

The Codex Sangallensis 907, designated S, is an 8th-century Latin manuscript of the New Testament. The text, written on vellum, is a version of the Latin Vulgate Bible. It contains the text of the Catholic epistles, Book of Revelation, and non-biblical material (an Etymological dictionary, Four ages). The manuscript did not survived in a complete condition and some parts of it has been lost. The codex contains the Comma Johanneum.


Codex Sangallensis 907 contains the Catholic epistles on the pages 237–297, the Apocalypse 1:1-7:2 on the pages 303–318.[1] It contains also Old Testament books - Book of Numbers and Book of Deuteronomy.[2] on 160 parchment leaves (25 by 17.5 cm).[2] On folios 19-20, it has additional material: the Four Ages of the World. According to this material, the Longobards conquered Italy in the year 5772 (from the creation of the world). On folios 21-217 it has Etymological dictionary.[1] The text is written 24 lines in one column per page, in semi-uncial letters. The ink is black, with the initial letters being uncials and in colour.[1] The initial letters are written very carefully and decorated by zoomorphic motives like fish.[3] The nomina sacra are written in an abbreviated way and in Greek letters. The text of the codex is a mixture of the text-types.[4] It contains the spurious text of the Comma Johanneum after 1 John 5:8 (in the same location as in the Codex Cavensis).[5] It reads filio (for son) in 1 John 5:10, where the majority of manuscripts have Deo (for God).[6] In 5:17 it reads iniquitas (wrongdoing) for iniustitia (unrighteousness).[6]


The manuscript was written by the monk Winithar[2] and examined and described by Gustav Scherrer and Samuel Berger.[3] The manuscript was collated by Henry Julian White. John Wordsworth Wordsworth designated the manuscript by siglum S2.[4] It was digitised and it is available on the site of the Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland.[1] Currently it is housed at the Abbey library of Saint Gall (907) in St. Gallen.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Cod. Sang. 907 at the e-codices
  2. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1902). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 2. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 708. ISBN 1-4021-6347-9.
  3. ^ a b Berger, Samuel (1893). Histoire de la Vulgate pendant les premiers siècles du Moyen Age (in French). Paris. p. 412.
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 2 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 86.
  5. ^ Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Latine, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Stuttgart 2008, p. 623.
  6. ^ a b Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Latine, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Stuttgart 2008, p. 624.

Further reading[edit]

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