Codex Vaticanus 2066

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Uncial 046
New Testament manuscript
NameVaticanus 2066
TextRevelation of John
Date10th century
Now atVatican Library
CiteA. Mai, Novum Testamentum Graece ex antiquissimo Codice Vaticano, Rome 1859.
Size27.5 x 19 cm
TypeByzantine text-type
Noteclose to minuscules 61, 69, 180

Codex Vaticanus 2066, designed by 046 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 1070 (von Soden), formerly it was known also as Codex Basilianus, previously it was designated by Br or B2.[1] It is a Greek uncial manuscript of the New Testament written on vellum. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the 10th century by the INTF, though some palaeographers proposed the 9th century. Scrivener proposed even the 8th century.[2]


The codex contains the complete text of the Book of Revelation on 20 parchment leaves (27.5 cm by 19 cm), along with much non-biblical material (homilies of Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa and others).

The text is written in one column per page, 35 lines per page,[3][4] in about 36 letters per line.[5] The uncial letter of the codex are written in a peculiar form with special attention. "The uncials being of a peculiar kind, leaning a little to the right; they hold a sort of middle place between square and oblong characters.... The breathings and accents are primâ manu, and pretty correct..."[6]


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, in a close relationship to the minuscules 61 and 69.[7] Aland placed it in Category V.[3]

Uncial 046 is the earliest manuscript which represented the main Byzantine group ("a").

Textual variants[edit]

Some textual variants:

  • Rev 1:5
λύσαντι ἡμᾶς ἐκ (freed us from) — P18, אc, A, C, 2020, 2081, 2814
λούσαντι ἡμᾶς ἀπο (washed us from) — P, 046, 94, 1006, 1859, 2042, 2065, 2073, 2138, 2432
  • Rev 1:6
βασιλειαν (kingdom) — א A 046 1854 2050 2351
βασιλεις (kings) — P, ByzA
  • Rev 4:8
ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος] A Byz ς WH
ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος ἅγιος] (‭א) al 046
  • Rev 5:4
καὶ (and) — ‭א P 1611text 2053 2081 2344 2814
καὶ ἐγὼ (and I) — 046 94 1006 1611mg 1859 2020 2042 2065 2073 2432
  • Rev 8:8
ορος μεγα καιομενον
  • Rev 22:14
ποιουντες τας εντολας αυτου (those who do His commandments) — 046, 94, 1611, 1854, 1859, 2042, 2065, 2073, 2138, 2432, 2814
πλυνοντες τας στολας αυτων (those who wash their robes) — א, A, 1006, 2020, 2053


The manuscript once belonged to Philippo Vitali (1590–1653). It was described by Bianchini.[8]

According to Scrivener it was written in the 8th century.

The text of the codex was published by a Cardinal Angelo Mai in 1859 in Rome. It was examined by Tischendorf and Tregelles.[9]

The codex is located now in the Vatican Library (Gr. 2066) in Rome.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 37.
  2. ^ Scrivener was a supporter of the Byzantine text-type, and he favoured every manuscript represented this textual text-type
  3. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  4. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  5. ^ C. R. Gregory, „Textkritik des Neuen Testaments“, Leipzig 1900, Bd. 1, p. 121.
  6. ^ F. H. A. Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, Cambridge 1861, London 1894.
  7. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, (Oxford University Press, 2005), p. 86.
  8. ^ G. Bianchini, Evangeliarium quadruplex latinae versionis antiquae seu veteris italicae (Rome, 1749), Part 1, Vol. 2, p. dxxiv.
  9. ^ S. P. Tregelles, An account of the printed Text ..., London 1854. p. 156f.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]