Codonopsis

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bonnet bellend flowers
Codonopsis pilosula flowers.jpg
Codonopsis pilosula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Campanulaceae
Genus: Codonopsis
Wall. (1824)
Synonyms[1]
  • Campanumoea Blume
  • Glosocomia D.Don
  • Glossocomia Rchb.
  • Leptocodon (Hook.f.) Lem.

Codonopsis is a genus of flowering plant in the family Campanulaceae. As currently recognized, Codonopsis includes two other groups sometimes separated as distinct genera, i.e. Campanumoea and Leptocodon.[1][2][3][4] The enlarged genus Codonopsis is widespread across eastern, southern, central, and southeastern Asia, including China, Japan, the Russian Far East, Kazakhstan, the Indian Subcontinent, Iran, Indochina, Indonesia, etc.

Uses[edit]

Medicinal uses[edit]

C. pilosula (Chinese: ; pinyin: dǎngshēn) is an important medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine.[5]

Food uses[edit]

Deodeok muchim, a Korean salad made from C. lanceolata

C. lanceolata (Korean: deodeok) is used as a food in Korean cuisine.

Species[edit]

Species currently (July 2014) accepted by Kew's World Checklist.[1] Species with no range given are endemic to China

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ K.E. Morris and T.G. Lammers (1997). "Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae). I. Palynological data". Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 277–284. 
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. Continental Publishing, Deurne.
  4. ^ Flora of China v 19 p 505, 桔梗科 jie geng ke, Campanulaceae
  5. ^ Li, C. Y., et al. (2009). Quality assessment of Radix Codonopsis by quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance. Journal of Chromatography A 1216(11) 2124-29.