Codorus State Park

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Codorus State Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
A view of the park, showing the main lake, Lake Marburg, surrounded by grass and forest.
Lake Marburg and Codorus State Park in autumn
A map of the State of Pennsylvania with red dot marking the location of the park in southern central part of the state.
A map of the State of Pennsylvania with red dot marking the location of the park in southern central part of the state.
Codorus State Park
Location of Codorus State Park in Pennsylvania
Location York County
Nearest town Hanover, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 39°46′12″N 76°56′12″W / 39.77000°N 76.93667°W / 39.77000; -76.93667Coordinates: 39°46′12″N 76°56′12″W / 39.77000°N 76.93667°W / 39.77000; -76.93667
Area 3,500 acres (1,400 ha)
Designated December 1966 (1966-12)
Operator Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Type State Park
Opened 1970 (1970)
Etymology Nearby Codorus Creek
Status Open all year
Camp sites 193 sites (open April-November) [map]
Hiking trails 4 trails, approx. 19 miles (31 km) total [map]
Website www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/findapark/codorus/index.htm

Codorus State Park is a 3,500 acres (1,400 ha) Pennsylvania state park in Heidelberg, Manheim, Penn, and West Manheim Townships in southwestern York County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The park was created around Lake Marburg, an artificial lake covering 1,275 acres (516 ha), and is named for Codorus Creek, which forms the lake. Codorus State Park is located on Pennsylvania Route 216, 3 miles (4.8 km) from the borough of Hanover.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

When Europeans first reached the land that became Codorus State Park, it was the territory of Susquehannock Indians, a powerful tribe that controlled much of the land near the Susquehanna River. Wars and the push of settlers, most of which were German farmers, led to the demise of the Susquehannocks, but industry soon followed.

Built in 1762, Mary Ann Furnace is believed to be the first charcoal furnace built on the western side of the Susquehanna River. The furnace supplied cannonballs and grapeshot for the continental army and employed Hessian prisoners to run the ironworks while many of the available workforce were off fighting the British. Nothing remains of the ironworks except memories.

The four original founders of Mary Ann Furnace had a great impact on the United States. George Stevenson emigrated from Ireland and was employed as a deputy surveyor by the Penn Family. Stevenson organized wagons and supplies for the Forbes Campaign during the French and Indian War. When the British occupied Philadelphia and York became the capital of the Colonies, George Washington called on Stevenson to take charge of the supply lines.

George Ross was a lawyer from Lancaster. During the American Revolutionary War, he served in the Provincial Assembly, the Provincial Conference and the Continental Congress. He signed the Declaration of Independence. He also introduced George Washington to the widow of his nephew, the flagmaker Betsy Ross.

William Thompson emigrated from Ireland. In the French and Indian War, he served as an officer under John Armstrong in the Kittanning Expedition and as a captain of the light horse in the Forbes Campaign. In the American Revolution, he became the colonel of the first colonial infantry and advanced to brigadier general. He was captured in the Second Assault on Quebec and held prisoner for four years, only to die not long after his release.

Mark Bird was the son of ironmaster William Bird, of Hopewell Furnace. In the American Revolution, Bird served as deputy quartermaster and as a colonel. He used his own money and ironworks to supply cannons and munitions. After the war, he was never repaid. Deep in debt, he went bankrupt and fled to North Carolina to avoid his creditors.

Modern history[edit]

The creation Codorus State Park is tied to a cooperative effort between private enterprise and state and local government. The borough of Spring Grove and the P.H. Glatfelter Company worked together to dam Codorus Creek. The purpose of the dam was to provide drinking water for Spring Grove and to meet the industrial needs of the paper plant owned by the P.H. Glatfelter Company in the borough. The construction of this dam was also beneficial to the people of Pennsylvania when a park was created on the shores of the newly made Lake Marburg.[1]

Lake Marburg gets its name from the small community of Marburg, home of a handful of buildings - including a farmstead - that was flooded in December 1966, when Codorus Creek was dammed. The dam is 109 feet (33 m) high, 1,690 feet (520 m) wide and 750 feet (230 m) thick. It is not owned by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, but is instead owned by and on the property of the P.H. Glatfelter Company.[2]

The land for the park was acquired as part of the Project 70 Land Acquisition and Borrowing Act, with the governor approving the acquisition on December 10, 1964. The park officially opened in 1970.[3] It was originally named "Codorus Creek State Park".[1]

Lake Marburg[edit]

Lake Marburg
Codorus Lake
Location within Codorus State Park
Spring Grove, Pennsylvania
Type Artificial lake
Etymology to former town of Marburg, PA, which lies beneath the lake
Primary inflows Codorus Creek
Managing agency
Designation IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Built 1966 (1966)
First flooded 1970 (1970)
Surface area 1,275 acres (516 ha)[4]
Max. depth 110 ft (34 m)[4]
Shore length1 26 mi (42 km)[4]
Surface elevation 622 ft (190 m)[4]
Islands 2 - Long Island, Round Island
Settlements Hanover, Pennsylvania
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

To fill its massive water demands, P.H. Glatfelter Company, now known as Glatfelter Paper built Lake Lehman in 1942.[5] Later, to fill additional needs, the company built Lake PahaGaCo (P.H. Glatfelter Co.) in 1955.[6] It supplemented PaHaGaCo’s 1.3 billion gallons (1,300,000,000 US gallons (4.9×109 l; 1.1×109 imp gal)) with water from the Thomasville Stone & Lime Company quarries. But a severe drought of 1963 proved that more water was needed.[7]

The drought also convinced Pennsylvania officials that more reservoirs were needed and that dovetailed with separate state plans to build a new state park on the west branch of the three-pronged Codorus Creek.[8]

Lake Marburg has 26 miles (42 km) of coastline.[1] The lake holds many different species of fish. Fishermen will find largemouth bass, yellow perch, crappie, muskellunge, catfish, northern pike, and bluegill in the warm waters of Lake Marburg. Cold water fishing is available in the east branch of Codorus Creek where anglers will find rainbow trout and brown trout that have been stocked for sport fishing by the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission.[1] Canoes, kayaks, sailboats and motor boats up to 20 hp are all permitted on Lake Marburg, provided they are registered properly with the state.[1]

Kayaking at Codorus State Park

Recreation[edit]

The park is open for fishing, boating, and camping. It also has a swimming pool and an 54 hole disc golf course.

Codorus State Park has modern and rustic camp site available. There are 198 camp sites that are suitable for RV's (up to 50 feet (15 m) in length) and tents. There are eight campsites with electricity or accommodate campers with disabilities. Codorus State Park also has 13 walk-in campsites for those interested in camping in tents only.[1]

Picnic tables are scattered throughout the park, and two pavilions may be reserved for use by large groups.[1]

There are 5 miles (8.0 km) of hiking trails with Codorus State Park. The Mary Ann Furnace trail is 3.5 miles (5.6 km) long. It is a loop trail that winds through pine plantations, hardwood forests and some wetlands. The LaHo trail is 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long and follows the lakeshore of Lake Marburg through hardwoods and wetlands. Hiking is also possible on the 7 miles (11 km) horse trail on the west side of the park.[1]

There are two 18 hole disc golf courses, and two 9 hole extra courses at Codorus State Park. There is also a 9-hole minis course. The blue course is a more technical 18 holes mostly through wooded areas. The red course is more open, but has some longer holes. There is a bonus course with 9 holes and a cross country course with 9 holes.

The marina at Codorus State Park

Hunting is permitted in Codorus State Park. The most common game species are ruffed grouse, eastern gray squirrel, wild turkey and white-tailed deer. Hunters are expected to follow the rules and regulations of the Pennsylvania State Game Commission. Hunters are limited to using shotguns, muzzleloaders and bows.[1]

Codorus State Park does not close in winter. Snowmobiling, cross country skiing, sledding, ice skating, ice fishing and ice sailing are all popular winter activities, when the weather permits.[1]

Nearby state parks[edit]

The following state parks are within 30 miles (48 km) of Codorus State Park:[9][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Codorus State Park". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2006-10-16. 
  2. ^ "Celebrating Over 150 Years of Sustainability" (Video). Glatfelter History. 27m49s point: Glatfelter. 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Forrey, William C. (1984). History of Pennsylvania's State Parks. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Bureau of State Parks, Office of Resources Management, Department of Environmental Resources, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. pp. 43–44, 102–103. OCLC 17824084. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Lake Marburg, Pennsylvania, USA". Lakelubbers.com. Lakelubbers LLC. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Argento, Mike (3 February 2014). "County will address environmental issues before accepting Lake Lehman as a gift". The York Daily Record. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  6. ^ Shannon. "Lake History". Lake Pahagaco. PaHaGaCo Lake Association. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  7. ^ McClure, Jim (20 June 2008). "Private, public interests built Lake Marburg for manufacturing, recreation". York Town Square. York Daily Record. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  8. ^ Lipper, Ph.D., Mark (1980). Paper, People, Progress : The Story of the P.H. Glatfelter Company of Spring Grove, Pennsylvania. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0136484516. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  9. ^ 2007 General Highway Map York County Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). 1:65,000. Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division. Retrieved 2007-07-28.  Note: shows Codorus State Park
  10. ^ Michels, Chris (1997). "Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation". Northern Arizona University. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  11. ^ "Find a Park by Region (interactive map)". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved November 18, 2011. 

External links[edit]