Cody, Wyoming

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Cody, Wyoming
Cody, Wyoming.jpg
Location of Cody in Park County, Wyoming.
Location of Cody in Park County, Wyoming.
Coordinates: 44°31′24″N 109°3′26″W / 44.52333°N 109.05722°W / 44.52333; -109.05722Coordinates: 44°31′24″N 109°3′26″W / 44.52333°N 109.05722°W / 44.52333; -109.05722
Country United States
State Wyoming
CountyPark
Named forWilliam Frederick Cody
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorMatt Hall
 • City AdministratorBarry A. Cook
Area
 • Total10.46 sq mi (27.08 km2)
 • Land10.22 sq mi (26.47 km2)
 • Water0.24 sq mi (0.61 km2)
Elevation
5,016 ft (1,523 m)
Population
 • Total9,520
 • Estimate 
(2021)[3]
10,174
 • Density957.73/sq mi (369.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
82414
Area code307
FIPS code56-15760[4]
GNIS feature ID1586861[5]
Websitecodywy.gov

Cody is a city in Northwest Wyoming and the seat of government of Park County, Wyoming, United States.[6] It is named after Colonel William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody for his part in the founding of Cody in 1896.[7]

The population was 10,066 at the 2020 census. Cody is served by Yellowstone Regional Airport.

Geography[edit]

Cody is located at 44°31′24″N 109°3′26″W / 44.52333°N 109.05722°W / 44.52333; -109.05722 (44.523244, −109.057109).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.43 square miles (27.01 km2), of which 10.20 square miles (26.42 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water.[9]

Cody's elevation is approximately 5016 ft (1,500 m) above sea level. The main part of the city is split across three levels, separated by about 60 feet (18 m).

Near Cody, Wyoming

The Shoshone River flows through Cody in a canyon. There are four bridges over this river in the Cody vicinity, one at the north edge of town that allows travel to the north, and one about 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Cody that allows passage to Powell and the areas to the north and east. The other two are west of town; one allows access to the East Gate of Yellowstone National Park, and the other is used by fishermen in Shoshone Canyon and as access to the Buffalo Bill Dam.

Cody is located at the western edge of the Bighorn Basin, a depression surrounded by the Big Horn, Owl Creek, Bridger, and Absaroka ranges. At the western edge of Cody, a deep canyon formed by the Shoshone River provides the only passage to Yellowstone's Eastern Entrance. At its mouth and rising above Cody are Rattlesnake Mountain on the north side and Cedar Mountain on the south side. Much of Cody has views of Heart Mountain, whose 8,123 ft (2,500 m) peak is 9 miles (14 km) directly north of Cody, and the Carter Mountain massif, which forms a line with peaks above 12,000 ft (3,700 m), some 15 miles (24 km) to the south.

Climate[edit]

Cody experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), with highly variable conditions. Relative humidity is usually a fairly dry 30% or less. Precipitation averages 11.5 inches or 292.1 millimetres annually, including 45.0 inches or 1.14 metres of snow per season. Due to the aridity, snow cover is highly unreliable, with 29.4 days per season with 1 inch or 0.025 metres or more on the ground. Cody enjoys about 300 days of sunshine per year.

Wind is almost a constant presence in the Cody area. Air flow in Cody area is turbulent, but during the winter most storms move in from the north-northwest. During the summer, it is not unusual to see storms move in from the southwest. Throughout a normal day, winds can be experienced as coming from almost any direction, mostly from the north and west, but sometimes from the south and east. The Canyon at the west end of Cody funnels rain and wind across the city from the west. The winds can be quite strong at 30 to 40 miles per hour (48 to 64 km/h) and last for several days.

Because of the dry climate, the entire area is laced with irrigation canals, holding ponds, laterals, and drops. The Buffalo Bill Dam between Rattlesnake and Cedar mountains forms a large reservoir about 10 miles (16 km) to the west of Cody. This reservoir (among others) feeds the Shoshone Project, a large irrigation water distribution system.

The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 27.3 °F or −2.6 °C in December to 70.6 °F or 21.4 °C in July. An average of 16.2 days have highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of 12.3 days have lows of 0 °F (−18 °C) or lower; the average window for freezing temperatures is September 30 thru May 10 and for measurable (≥0.1 inches or 0.25 centimetres snow, October 21 thru April 21. The record high temperature was 105 °F or 40.6 °C on July 14, 1925 and July 15, 1951, and the record low temperature was −46 °F or −43.3 °C on February 8, 1936.

The wettest calendar year has been 2014 with 16.59 inches (421.4 mm) and the driest 1956 with 3.58 inches (90.9 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 5.76 in (146 mm) in June 1992. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.51 inches or 64 millimetres on July 22, 1973. There are an average of 72.3 days with measurable precipitation. The most snow in one year was 73.4 inches (1.86 m) between July 1916 and June 1917. The most snow in one month was 29.0 inches (0.74 m) in February 2014.[10]

Climate data for Cody, Wyoming, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1915–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
75
(24)
79
(26)
87
(31)
94
(34)
103
(39)
105
(41)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
74
(23)
67
(19)
105
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 56.2
(13.4)
56.5
(13.6)
66.4
(19.1)
75.3
(24.1)
81.6
(27.6)
89.8
(32.1)
94.9
(34.9)
93.2
(34.0)
88.4
(31.3)
78.0
(25.6)
64.3
(17.9)
55.4
(13.0)
95.6
(35.3)
Average high °F (°C) 37.5
(3.1)
38.7
(3.7)
48.7
(9.3)
55.3
(12.9)
64.4
(18.0)
74.8
(23.8)
84.0
(28.9)
82.2
(27.9)
72.3
(22.4)
58.0
(14.4)
44.8
(7.1)
36.5
(2.5)
58.1
(14.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.5
(−2.5)
28.6
(−1.9)
37.7
(3.2)
44.2
(6.8)
53.1
(11.7)
62.4
(16.9)
70.6
(21.4)
68.9
(20.5)
59.7
(15.4)
46.9
(8.3)
35.2
(1.8)
27.3
(−2.6)
46.8
(8.3)
Average low °F (°C) 17.5
(−8.1)
18.5
(−7.5)
26.8
(−2.9)
33.0
(0.6)
41.9
(5.5)
50.0
(10.0)
57.3
(14.1)
55.6
(13.1)
47.2
(8.4)
35.9
(2.2)
25.5
(−3.6)
18.0
(−7.8)
35.6
(2.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −8.6
(−22.6)
−3.2
(−19.6)
5.6
(−14.7)
17.6
(−8.0)
28.0
(−2.2)
38.1
(3.4)
47.5
(8.6)
43.3
(6.3)
31.8
(−0.1)
16.5
(−8.6)
2.1
(−16.6)
−5.7
(−20.9)
−16.0
(−26.7)
Record low °F (°C) −40
(−40)
−46
(−43)
−23
(−31)
−18
(−28)
15
(−9)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
9
(−13)
−11
(−24)
−24
(−31)
−35
(−37)
−46
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.37
(9.4)
0.46
(12)
0.55
(14)
1.35
(34)
2.18
(55)
1.62
(41)
0.89
(23)
0.90
(23)
1.15
(29)
0.99
(25)
0.59
(15)
0.46
(12)
11.51
(292.4)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.3
(19)
7.5
(19)
5.8
(15)
5.9
(15)
0.8
(2.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(1.0)
3.4
(8.6)
6.4
(16)
7.5
(19)
45.0
(114)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.2 4.0 4.8 7.7 10.4 9.1 6.8 7.1 5.8 5.7 4.0 3.7 72.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.7 3.3 2.7 2.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.3 2.6 3.2 18.5
Source 1: NOAA[11]
Source 2: National Weather Service[10]

Culture[edit]

The flag waves at the start of the Cody Nite Rodeo, August 6, 2006

Themes surrounding Cody's pioneer and Cowboy and Western history are common in the cultural events and activities in the area.

The Buffalo Bill Center of the West is a large and modern facility located near the center of the city. It contains five museums in one, including the Draper Natural History Museum, the Plains Indian Museum, the Cody Firearms Museum, the Whitney Western Art Museum and the Buffalo Bill Museum which chronicles the life of William F. Cody, for whom the historical center is named.[12] The historical center maintains large collections. It is a favorite stopping point for tourists passing through the town, on their way to or from Yellowstone.

Old Trail Town, a restoration of more than 25 historic Western buildings and artifacts, is located in Cody just off the Yellowstone Highway.[13]

Rodeo is important in the culture in Cody, which calls itself the "Rodeo Capital of the World".[14] The Cody Nite Rodeo is an amateur rodeo every night from June 1 through August 31.[15]

Cody is also host to the Cody Stampede Rodeo. The Stampede is a Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association rodeo and is one of the largest rodeos in the nation that is held over the Independence Day Holiday. Many of the top cowboys in the country attend. The stampede has been held from July 1–4 every year since 1919. Cody hosts the Cody Stampede, a weeklong series of events around the 4th of July, featuring several parades where the main street is blocked off,[16] rodeos, fireworks and more. In 2019 Cody Stampede celebrated its 100th year.[17]

The Heart Mountain Relocation Center, was a War Relocation Camp where 14,000 Japanese Americans were interned during World War II (Internment of Japanese Americans). The Interpretive Center is approximately 17 miles east of town and includes surviving buildings from the camp, a war memorial, a walking trail, and a world-class museum.[18]

Arts[edit]

Cody is also a bustling arts town.

Visual Arts are celebrated and displayed within the Buffalo Bill Center of the West, Whitney Western Arts Museum as well as many other collective local/regional galleries around town such as the Cody Country Art League,[19] By Western Hands[20] and more. Many photographers, painters, sculptors, designers, and artists love to capture the surrounding natural wonder and western aesthetics.

For nearly twenty years Cody has also been the home to the Rendezvous Royale art festival.[21] The week-long festival includes the Buffalo Bill Art Show and Sale,[22] a nationally renowned art show that features a wide range of interpretations of western art from emerging artists and contemporary masters. Rendezvous Royale features the art show sale, lectures, workshops, and a patrons ball.

The live music scene in Cody is especially vibrant in the summer when the City of Cody hosts an annual Concert in the Park series,[23] The Cody Cattle Company does a nightly show,[24] Dan Miller's Cowboy Music Revue is up and running, and several bars in town host touring artists.

Cody is also the home to several theatre and dance companies that promote community theatre and dance education from pre-k through high school. These companies produce many seasonal projects as well as annual productions as well. Throughout the year various dance recitals from the companies, as well as musical theatre and theatre production from community members are produced and performed. The annual performing arts events in Cody are produced from The Rocky Mountain Dance Theatre. They have been doing The Nutcracker annually in December for 25 years,[25] and The Wild West Spectacular Musical for seven seasons.[26]

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Cody is provided by Park County School District #6. Three elementary schools – Eastside, Glenn Livingston, and Sunset - serve students in grades kindergarten through five. The district's two secondary campuses are Cody Middle School (grades 6-8) and Cody High School (grades 9-12).

Cody has a public library, a branch of the Park County Library System.[27]

Industry[edit]

Sheridan Avenue in downtown Cody

The primary industry in Cody is tourism. Hotels, restaurants and shops cater to travelers coming to visit the West and Yellowstone Park. Cody has several art galleries, with some notable local painters and artists living in the area.

Cody is fast becoming a hub for outdoor recreation. The Shoshone River runs through town offering class I-V kayaking and whitewater rafting. Shoshone Canyon offers over 300 rock climbing routes, while Cedar Mountain boasts nearly 600 boulder problems. Cody hosts nearly 50 miles of single track, with a large amount of it accessible by bike from town. A bike park was recently completed with jump and drop lines as well as a pump track. Skiing, both downhill and cross-country are very popular sports in Cody, with the local High School boasting competitive cross-country and downhill ski teams.[28] Sleeping Giant Ski Area & Zipline, about and hour west of Cody, is a popular local downhill ski mountain, in close porximity Yellowstone East Entrance.[29]

Another industry is western style furniture, with several small furniture makers producing custom pieces.

The oil industry seems to wax and wane over the years in the Cody area. Husky Energy was founded in Cody in 1938 (as Husky Refining Company), when Glenn Nielson purchased the assets of Park Refining Company, started four years earlier by area oil developer Valentine M. Kirk. Husky operated as refinery until 1980s, the facility being demolished in the 1990s.

Just to the south of Cody are large deposits of gypsum.

Park County School District #6 is another large employer in the area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,132
19201,2429.7%
19301,80044.9%
19402,53640.9%
19503,87252.7%
19604,83824.9%
19705,1616.7%
19806,59927.9%
19907,89719.7%
20008,83511.9%
20109,5207.8%
202010,0665.7%
[30]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,520 people, 4,278 households, and 2,502 families living in the city. The population density was 933.3 inhabitants per square mile (360.3/km2). There were 4,650 housing units at an average density of 455.9 per square mile (176.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 4,278 households, of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the city was 42.4 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 18.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 8,835 people, 3,791 households, and 2,403 families living in the city. The population density was 952.3 people per square mile (367.6/km2). There were 4,113 housing units at an average density of 443.3 per square mile (171.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.90% White, 0.10% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.22% of the population.

There were 3,791 households, out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,450, and the median income for a family was $40,554. Males had a median income of $31,395 versus $19,947 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,813. About 9.4% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Cody is governed via a city council and mayor. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The city council consists of six members who are elected from one of three wards. Each ward elects two members.

Media[edit]

AM Radio
FM Radio
Television
Newspaper

Twice-weekly Cody Enterprise. Founded by "Buffalo Bill" Cody and Col. John Peake in August 1899. The paper has a paid circulation of 7,050, and is owned by SAGE Publishing of Cody.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Yellowstone Regional Airport offers full passenger service. Flights are available through SkyWest (United Airlines), connecting through Denver, Colorado. Air cargo services are provided by FedEx and UPS.

Ground transit[edit]

Cody has four bus transit companies: Cody Over Land Transit, Phidippides Shuttle Service, Cody Town Taxi, and the Cody Shuttle. Cody Over Land operates routes within the city of Cody, from June through September. Phidippides is a full service transportation company with service to Cody, Yellowstone National Park, and airports in Cody, Jackson, and Billings. They also have courier and package service available. Cody Town Taxi and Cody Shuttle operate primarily in Cody.

Railroad[edit]

Cody is served by the Cody Branch of the BNSF Railway, which runs south-west from Frannie for about 46 miles (74 km). The branch terminates in Cody near where WY-120 crosses the Shoshone River.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Robert E. Bonner (October 25, 2015). "Town Founder and Irrigation Tycoon: The Buffalo Bill Nobody Knows". WyoHistory.org. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  10. ^ a b "NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  12. ^ Buffalo Bill Center of the West. Buffalo Bill Center of the West https://centerofthewest.org/. Retrieved July 25, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Old Trail Town". Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  14. ^ "History of Cody and Rodeo". Cody Stampede Rodeo. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  15. ^ "Cody Nite Rodeo". Cody Stampede Rodeo. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  16. ^ "Parades". Cody Stampede Rodeo. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  17. ^ KUSEK 406mtsports.com, J. O. E. "Cody Stampede celebrating 100 years of rodeo". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  18. ^ "About". Heart Mountain Interpretative Center. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  19. ^ "Cody Country Art League". Cody Country Art League. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  20. ^ "By Western Hands". By Western Hands. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  21. ^ "Rendezvous Royale". Rendezvous Royale. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  22. ^ "Buffalo Bill Art Show and Sale". Rendezvous Royale. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  23. ^ "Concerts in the Park". City of Cody.
  24. ^ "Cody Cattle Company". Cody Cattle Company. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  25. ^ "The Nutcracker". Rocky Mountain Dance Theatre. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  26. ^ "The Wild West Spectacular". Wild West Show.
  27. ^ "Wyoming Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  28. ^ Miller, Max (January 20, 2018). "Pahaska pop-up ski city: Cody hosts weekend Nordic meet". Cody Enterprise. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  29. ^ "Ski Sleeping Giant". AllTrips. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  30. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of State / U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2008.
  31. ^ legacy.sistercities.org http://legacy.sistercities.org/interactive-map/Lanchkhuti,%20Georgia. Retrieved August 6, 2019. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

^20 "Kanye, Out West: What is the Superstar doing out in Wyoming?" New York Times, Style section, 23 Feb 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/23/style/kanye-west-cody-wyoming.html

External links[edit]