Coenonympha tullia

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Coenonympha tullia
Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia) 02.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Coenonympha
C. tullia
Binomial name
Coenonympha tullia
(Müller, 1764)

Coenonympha tullia, the large heath or common ringlet, is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae.[1][2] It flies in a variety of grassy habitats, including roadsides, woodland edges and clearings, prairies, bogs, and arctic and alpine taiga and tundra.[2] It is a poor flyer, but can sometimes be found along ditches seeking new grounds. It is a holarctic species found in northern Europe and Asia and across North America. The species was first described by Otto Friedrich Müller in 1764.[2]

C. t. inornata, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Common Ringlet (Coenonympha tullia inornata) in Ottawa, Ontario.
Dorsal view


Coenonympha tullia var philoxenus

In alphabetical order:[3][4]

  • C. t. ampelos (W. H. Edwards, 1871) – northwest common ringlet
  • C. t. benjamini (McDunnough, 1928) – prairie ringlet
  • C. t. brenda
  • C. t. bosniae (Davenport, 1941)
  • C. t. california (Westwood, 1851) – California ringlet
  • C. t. columbiana (McDunnough, 1928) – ringlet
  • C. t. davus (Fabricius, 1777)
  • C. t. elko (W. H. Edwards, 1881)
  • C. t. elwesi (Davenport, 1941)
  • C. t. eryngii (H. Edwards, 1877)
  • C. t. eunomia (Dornfeld, 1967)
  • C. t. furcae (Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)
  • C. t. gliwa
  • C. t. haydenii (W. H. Edwards, 1872) – Hayden's common ringlet
  • C. t. inornata (W. H. Edwards, 1861) – inornate common ringlet
  • C. t. insulanus (McDunnough, 1928) – Vancouver ringlet
  • C. t. kodiak (W. H. Edwards 1869) – Kodiak ringlet
  • C. t. mackenziei (D. Davenport, 1936) – Mackenzie's ringlet
  • C. t. mcisaaci (dos Passos, 1935) – McIsaac's ringlet
  • C. t. mixturata (Alphéraky, 1897)
  • C. t. mono (Burdick, 1942) – (common) ringlet
  • C. t. ochracea (W. H. Edwards, 1861) – ochre (common) ringlet
  • C. t. polydama (Haworth, 1803)
  • C. t. pseudobrenda (Austin & R. Gray, 1998)
  • C. t. scotica (Staudinger, 1901)
  • C. t. sibirica (Davenport, 1941)
  • C. t. subfusca (Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)
  • C. t. suecica (Hemming, 1936)
  • C. t. tullia (Müller, 1764) – common ringlet
  • C. t. viluiensis (Ménétriés, 1859)
  • C. t. yontocket (Porter & Mattoon, 1989) – Yontocket satyr ringlet
  • C. t. yukonensis (W. Holland, 1900) – Yukon common ringlet

Formerly a subspecies:

For more information on subspecies and biology


  1. ^ UK Butterflies
  2. ^ a b c Common Ringlet Archived 2013-11-20 at the Wayback Machine, Butterflies of Canada
  3. ^ Savela, Markku. "Coenonympha Hübner, [1819]". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  4. ^ Coenonympha, Butterflies of America
  • Emmet, A.M., J. Heath et al. (Ed.), 1990. The Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland Vol. 7 Part 1 (Hesperiidae to Nymphalidae). Harley Books, Colchester, UK. 370p.
  • Tomlinson, D. & R. Still, 2002. Britain's Butterflies. WildGuides, Old Basing, UK. 192p.

External links[edit]