|Coffea racemosa berries|
Coffea racemosa, also known as racemosa coffee and Inhambane coffee, is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. It has naturally low levels of caffeine, less than half of that found in Coffea arabica, and a quarter of that in Robusta coffee. It is endemic to the coastal forest belt between northern KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa and Zimbabwe, found in an area less than 150 km2 (58 sq mi) in size. It was widely cultivated by the Portuguese during the 1960-1970s in Mozambique, currently there are only two plantations at Ibo Island and in Hluhluwe, which remain.
Coffea racemosa is an open-branched shrub or small tree growing up to 3.5 m (11 ft) tall. It has white to pinkish singular flowers (2 cm (1 in) in diameter) or in few-flowered clusters along the branches, which bloom between September and February. The fruit is near-spherical in shape and purple to black when ripe. The fruit is harvested from the wild for local use as a coffee. The beans are one third of the size of Arabica beans. The beans are roasted and ground to a powder then used to make coffee, sometimes salt is sprinkled over them as they are roasted.
- Chadburn, H. & Davis, A.P. 2017. (2017). "Coffea racemosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T18290386A18539355. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T18290386A18539355.en.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Mapaura, A.; Timberlake, J., eds. (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants. Pretoria: Southern African Botanical Diversity Network. p. 71.
- Burrows, J. E.; Burrows, S. M.; Lötter, M. C.; Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. Cape Town: Publishing Print Matters (Pty). p. 973.
- Bridson, D. M.; Verdcourt, B. (2003). Flora Zambesiaca. Rubiaceae, Part 3. p. 460-463.
- "Rare coffee plant could help communities - CNN Video" – via edition.cnn.com.
- Volk, Gayle; Byrne, Patrick (February 7, 2020). Crop Wild Relatives and their Use in Plant Breeding – via colostate.pressbooks.pub.
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