Cognitive slippage

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Cognitive slippage is a symptom of several psychiatric diseases and mental disorders associated with cognition and formal thought disorders. It is not associated with a lower level of intelligence.[1] It is manifested in patterns of speech, where categories and lists become overly broad as concepts unrelated at first glance become related through tangential connections.

An example of cognitive slippage might be as follows:

"List some types of cars."
"Let's see, there's Ford, Chevrolet, Toyota, Japan, Rising Sun, Hiroshima, Atomic Bomb, Enola Gay, oh and Miata."

The inclusion of extraneous items in the listing is evidence of the cognitive slippage. While the concepts such as Toyota, Japan, Rising Sun, etc. are all related, the relation is no longer defined by the initial prompt. The cognitive slippage, however, causes the inability to disregard these extraneous connections and results in patterns of speech and association as seen here. In contrast, another disorder of speech, word salad is even more disorganized than the loose associations of cognitive slippage.

Cognitive slippage is characterized as the mildest symptom of individuals with schizophrenia.[2] Schizophrenia is a psychiatric illness that affects every aspect of a patient's life.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Beck, Aaron T.; et al. (2009). Schizophrenia : Cognitive theory, research, and therapy. New York: Guilford Press. p. 53. ISBN 9781606230183. 
  2. ^ Cognitive Slippage, Journal of Nervous and Mental disorder. Retrieved 20 March 2014

[1] [2]\ [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

  1. ^ Allen, John J., Loren J. Chapman, and Jean P. Chapman. "Cognitive Slippage and Depression in Hypothetically Psychosis-Prone College Students." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 175.6 (1987): 347-53. Web.
  2. ^ Dykens, Elisabeth, Fred Volkmar, and Marion Glick. "Thought disorder in high-functioning autistic adults." Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 21.3 (1991): 291-301.
  3. ^ Gooding, Diane C., Kathleen A. Tallent, and Jeanette V. Hegyi. "Cognitive Slippage in Schizotypic Individuals." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 189.11 (2001): 750-56. Web.
  4. ^ Meehl, Paul E. "Schizotaxia, Schizotypy, Schizophrenia." American Psychologist 17.12 (1962): 827-38. Web.
  5. ^ Miers, T. C., and M. L. Raulin. "Cognitive slippage scale." Measures for Clinical Practice: A Source Book (1987): 125-127.
  6. ^ Miers, T. C., and M. L. Raulin. "The development of a scale to measure cognitive slippage." Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Boston. 1985.
  7. ^ Oltmanns, Thomas F., et al. "Cognitive slippage in children vulnerable to schizophrenia." Journal of abnormal child psychology 6.2 (1978): 237-245.