Cohen's horseshoe bat

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Rhinolophus cohenae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Laurasiatheria
Order: Chiroptera
Suborder: Microchiroptera
Superfamily: Rhinolophoidea
Family: Rhinolophidae
Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
Genus: Rhinolophus
Species: R. cohenae
Binomial name
Rhinolophus cohenae
Taylor, Stoffberg, Monadjem, Schoeman, Bayliss and Cotterill, 2012

Cohen's horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus cohenae) is a species of bat belonging to the family Rhinolophidae, endemic to South Africa. It was first described in 2012. The species was named after Lientjie Cohen who collected the type specimen in 2004.[2] It was first thought to be a Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat but has since been distinguished as a separate species by its unique echolocation frequencies.[3]

Description[edit]

Cohen's horseshoe bat is a large with a forearm length of 66 to 68 mm. It has a wide leaf nose (13.5 to 16.3 mm) and its lower lip has a single longitudinal groove that extends down to the chin. Its coat colourings are similar to Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat. It emits an ultrasound duty cycle and high frequency constant at about 32.8 ± 0.24 kHz.[2]

Habitat[edit]

The species has only been observed in three locations in the South African province of Mpumalanga. One location was a savanna close to grassland at 690 m, the other two locations where grasslands between 900 and 1100 m.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cohen, L.; Taylor, P.; Jacobs, D.; Kearney, T.; MacEwan, K.; Monadjem, A.; Richards, L.R.; Schoeman, C.; Sethusa, T. (2017). "Rhinolophus cohenae". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T64587154A64587542. 
  2. ^ a b c Taylor, Peter J.; et al. (2012). "Four New Bat Species (Rhinolophus hildebrandtii Complex) Reflect Plio-Pleistocene Divergence of Dwarfs and Giants across an Afromontane Archipelago". PLoS ONE. 7 (9): e41744. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041744. PMC 3440430Freely accessible. PMID 22984399. 
  3. ^ Gannon, Megan (September 13, 2012). "4 new bat species discovered - check out their freaky noses!". NBC News. Retrieved September 13, 2012. 

Data related to Cohen's horseshoe bat at Wikispecies