Coity

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coity
Gilead Chapel, Coity, Bridgend - geograph.org.uk - 1690859.jpg
Coity is located in Bridgend
Coity
Coity
Coity shown within Bridgend
Population 2,071 (Ward 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SS923814
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRIDGEND
Postcode district CF35 6xx
Dialling code 01656
Police South Wales
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Bridgend
51°31′16″N 3°33′09″W / 51.521232°N 3.552489°W / 51.521232; -3.552489Coordinates: 51°31′16″N 3°33′09″W / 51.521232°N 3.552489°W / 51.521232; -3.552489

Coity is a village in Bridgend County Borough, south Wales. Coity is part of the community of Coity Higher and is notable for being home to Coity Castle, one of the best preserved castles in Glamorgan. Other buildings of note in the village include St Mary, a 14th-century church, and Ty Mawr, a fine 16th-century house.[2]

History[edit]

The oldest monument in Coity is a burial chamber near Coed Parc Garw woodland. It consists of a large megalith, tilted upwards and supported by other smaller stones.[3]

The oldest remaining building in Coity is Coity Castle. Now ruinous, but according to John Newman, "(after Caerphilly) ... the most impressive ruined medieval castle in Glamorgan", Coity Castle was built c. 1100 by Payn Turberville.[4] Turberville was one of the Twelve Knights of Glamorgan, and the construction of Coity Castle was part of Robert Fitzhamon's strategy to subjugate the region.[5] The castle remained in the hands of the Tuberville family before passing to Sir Lawrence Berkerolles by 1380. In 1404 Sir Lawrence found himself under siege at Coity by the forces of Owain Glyndwr, and again in 1405.[5] A few years later ownership of the castle was successfully challenged by William Gamage through a court action. The castle remained in the Gamage family who lived at Coity, and in 1584 Barbara Gamage married Robert Sidney, who took ownership. Sidney did not live at the castle, but family members continued to live there until the 18th century. By the time the castle passed to the Earl of Dunraven in 1833, it was ruinous and was placed into state guardianship in 1929.[5] The castle is listed as a grade 1 building, as it is an example of medieval defensive architecture in Wales.[6]

In the 14th century, a church was founded at Coity and dedicated to Saint Mary. The church also underwent 16th Century alterations and was again restored in 1860 by J.Pritchard & J.P Seddon. The church is listed as a grade 1 building as it retains its 14th Century form and character due to 19th Century restorations.[7] The church stands to this day and has several key important features, including an Easter Sepulchre (c. 1500).[4] There is also a war memorial located outside St. Marys church, which commemorates the residents of Coity were either killed or missing during both the first sand second world wars the memorial contains 13 names from the first world war and 8 names from the second world war.[8] Other places of worship included Gilead Welsh Independent Chapel, which saw rebuilding in 1890.

Another historical building in Coity is Ty Mawr. A late 16th Century building, with lower wings added in the 19th Century. The building also underwent mid 20th Century alterations. It is a grade 2 listed building due to it being a great example of 16th Century Glamorgan architecture.[9]

Bridgend & Coity Golf Club (now defunct) first appeared in 1928. The club disappeared following WW2.[10]

As of 2001, the community of Coity Higher had a population of just 835, which includes the larger village of Litchard. A large housing development, first proposed in the 1990s is seen by some residents of Coity as threatening the smaller village.[11]

Key Statistics (c.2011)[edit]

All Residents:2,071
Number of households:296
Average household size:2.30
Residents in households:693
Residents in communal living:1,378
Area (hectares):503
Population density (people per hectare):4.10 [12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Menna, Baines; Lynch, Peredur I., eds. (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6. 
  3. ^ Daniel, Glynn (1950). The prehistoric chamber tombs of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 210. 
  4. ^ a b Newman, John (1995). Glamorgan. London: Penguin Group. pp. 325–329. ISBN 0140710566. 
  5. ^ a b c Slater, Mike (1991). Castles of Gwent, Glamorgan and Gower. Malvern: Folly Publications. pp. 70–73. ISBN 1-871731-61-5. 
  6. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/wa-11254-coity-castle-coity-higher#.WKRXUm-LTIU
  7. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/wa-11255-church-of-st-mary-coity-higher
  8. ^ http://en.tracesofwar.com/article/18526/War-Memorial-Coity.htm
  9. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/wa-11253-ty-mawr-coity-higher#.WKRaCW-LTIU
  10. ^ “Bridgend & Coity Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  11. ^ "£225m Bridgend 'village' planned". BBC News. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  12. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/coity-w05000604#sthash.Vs2Lknjx.gvEs9szK.dpbs