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Cojutepeque at night
|• Municipality||31.43 km2 (12.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||853 m (2,799 ft)|
Cojutepeque is the capital city of El Salvador's Cuscatlán department. It also served as the capital of San Salvador during several years. It also serves as the administrative centre for the surrounding municipality of Cojutepeque. Its population is estimated at 70,000 people with about 85% living in the urban areas of the municipality.
Its height is 850 meters above sea level; it enjoys a pleasant climate. Its nickname is "City of the Mists."
The name Cojutepeque is derived from the Nahuatl words for "at the hill of the turkeys". It received the title of city in 1846. The ancient churches of San Juan Degollado, San José and San Sebastián can be found in the city. Cojutepeque's patron saint is Saint Sebastian, and there is a fair in honor of Saint John the Baptist (San Juan Degollado).
Cereals, sugarcane, loaf-sugar, panela, and fruit are cultivated and grown here, and local industries include the manufacture of hats made out of palm-fronds. The sausages of Cojutepeque (los chorizos de Cojutepeque) are known throughout El Salvador.
The football club Cojutepeque F.C. is based here.
Cerro de las Pavas
The peak known as Cerro de las Pavas can be reached via two roads from Cojutepeque: one for cars, the other a zigzagging path for pedestrians.
In 1924, Governor Fidel Novoa began an improvement program for the peak and built the park known as Parque de Montaña. During the administration of President Óscar Osorio, the pathways leading to the peak were improved thanks to the efforts of the poet Raúl Contreras.
Cojutepeque is known in El Salvador for various sausages or chorizos, especially the Chorizos de Cojutepeque. These chorizos are typically tied with corn husks between the links. The chorizos are shipped to other parts of the country and sold. The example on the left is made with pork, beef, iodized salt, and additives (soy protein, sodium nitrate, sodium benzoate, achiote, herbs, and spices).
|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article Cojutepeque.|
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