Cola acuminata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cola acuminata
Cola acuminata-masc-fem.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Cola
Species: C. acuminata
Binomial name
Cola acuminata
Schott & Endl.
Synonyms

Sterculia acuminata

Cola acuminata is a species in the genus Cola, of the family Malvaceae, native to tropical Africa.

Fruits[edit]

The fruits are rough, mottled and up to 8 inches long and contain large, flat and bright red coloured seeds, commonly known as Kola nuts.

Uses[edit]

Its fruits are harvested from the forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The fruits contain about 2% catechine-caffeine (colanine), which is believed to have a greater level of alkaloids (caffeine), thereby increasing the stimulatory effect. They are roasted, pounded or chewed and can also be added to drinks such as tea or milk or cereal such as porridge.

In West Africa this product is sold as a treatment for erectile dysfunction,[1] although evidence for its effectiveness is limited.

Cola acuminata

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maud Kamatenesi-Mugisha and Hannington Oryem-Origa (Mar 2005). "Traditional herbal remedies used in the management of sexual impotence and erectile dysfunction in western Uganda". Afr Health Sci. 5 (1): 40–49. PMC 1831906Freely accessible.