Colburn, North Yorkshire

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Colburn
Coast to Coast walk, old Colburn village.jpg
Old Colburn, on the route of the Coast to Coast Walk
Colburn is located in North Yorkshire
Colburn
Colburn
Location within North Yorkshire
Population4,860 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE203982
Civil parish
  • Colburn
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCatterick Garrison
Postcode districtDL9
Dialling code01748
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°22′45″N 1°41′20″W / 54.37922°N 1.6888°W / 54.37922; -1.6888Coordinates: 54°22′45″N 1°41′20″W / 54.37922°N 1.6888°W / 54.37922; -1.6888

Colburn is a town, civil parish and electoral ward in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Catterick village and has a population of 4,860 according to the 2011 census,[1] rising from 3,606 in 2001.[2]

History[edit]

The town takes its name from the first settlers along the stream Colburn Beck. It means "cold stream," "coal stream" or "cool, black stream" and is a mixture of Old English and Old Norse (Col, Kol and Burna).[3] A "burn" refers to a valley that has been eroded by flowing water. The Colburn (Coburn) family is widespread around the world, including Edward Colburn,[4] great grandfather of Reuben Colburn, who came to America in 1635 on the ship "Defence" part of the Puritan Great Migration of the 1630s led by John Winthrop. Colburn Hall, a grade II listed building is located on the outskirts of the old village, along with a grade I listed courthouse dating back to the 1300s.[5]

Colburn Hall

In 1870-72 John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Colburn as:

"a township in Catterick parish, N. R. Yorkshire; on the river Swale, 2½ miles SE by E of Richmond. Acres, 1, 318. Real property, £1, 736. Pop., 142. Houses, 26."

In 2018, the Broadway shopping precinct, Colburn Business Park, as well as neighbouring Brough with St Giles, attracted attention in regional press by being put under a public spaces protection order by North Yorkshire Police, due to over 200 reports of anti-social behaviour involving young people.[6]

Economy[edit]

The primary shopping area, known as the Broadway precinct, includes a Co-op convenience store, as well as several independent businesses and the community library.[7] Colburn Business Park was opened in 2008, consisting of over 50,000 sq ft of office space and 20 buildings.[8]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Richmond (Yorks) parliamentary constituency, which is under the control of the Conservative Party. The current Member of Parliament, since the 2015 general election, is Rishi Sunak.

Colburn has its own ward under Richmondshire District Council, which also includes the suburb of Walkerville,[9] in 2005, controversial plans for the district council to move their offices in Richmond into new premises at Colburn at the cost of £4 million (to be funded by the sale of two Richmond car parks) were axed.[10]

Colburn also has a town council, and a mayor elected by members, with nine councillors sitting as of 2020.[11]

Education[edit]

The town has one primary school, Colburn Community Primary School,[12] and the closest provider of secondary education is Risedale Sports and Community College in neighbouring Hipswell.

Community and culture[edit]

The church of St Cuthbert was opened in 1957 to serve the residents of the new Colburn estate.[13] The only traditional public house, The Hildyard Arms, is situated in the old Colburn Village, it first opened in 1823 and underwent a major renovation in the early 2010s after gaining new lease holders.[14]

The town's football club, Colburn Town FC, play in the Wensleydale Creamery League, an affliate league of the North Riding County Football Association.[15] Colburn Leisure Centre was opened in 2002 and includes a gymnasium, dance studio, and serves as a base for the loal touch rugby and gymnastics groups, the gym received a £35,000 upgrade in 2019.[16]

Public services[edit]

The town's primary healthcare provider is the Colburn Medial Practice, a general practice managed by South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.[17] it runs in close partnership with nearby Catterick Village Health Centre.[18] The closest hospital providing A&E services is Darlington Memorial, 15 miles (24 km) to the north east. Local ambulances are run by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service, the town is also in the catchment area of the Great North Air Ambulance, North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue have a retained station in the town,[19] and North Yorkshire Police are the territorial police force.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Colburn Parish (1237325130)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  2. ^ UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Colburn Parish (36UE027)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  3. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 116. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  4. ^ Genealogy of the descendants of Edward Colburn/Coburn : came from England, 1635; purchased land in "Dracutt on Merrimack," 1668; occupied his purchase, 1669. Lowell, Mass 1913[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Historic England. "COURTHOUSE TO EAST OF COLBURN HALL, Colburn (1301649)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  6. ^ "New order gives North Yorkshire Police power to ban asbo youths gathering in Colburn". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  7. ^ Council, North Yorkshire County (26 January 2017). "Colburn community library". North Yorkshire County Council. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Colburn open for business". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Colburn ward map" (PDF). Richmondshire District Council.
  10. ^ "Decision urged on car parks sale". 8 June 2005. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Colburn Town Council > About Colburn > The Council". Colburn Town Council. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Home | Colburn Community Primary School". www.colburn.n-yorks.sch.uk. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  13. ^ "Colburn: St Cuthbert". www.achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Welcoming arms". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  15. ^ Willis, Joe (16 April 2018). "Colburn and Richmond Mavericks on-course for title decider". Richmondshire Today. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  16. ^ Willis, Joe (3 July 2019). "Gym upgraded at Colburn Leisure Centre after £35,000 in funding received". Richmondshire Today. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Overview - Colburn Medical Practice - NHS". NHS. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Catterick and Colburn Medical Group - The Health Centre, High Street, Catterick Village, North Yorkshire, DL10 7LD". www.catterickandcolburnmedicalgroup.co.uk. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Our fire stations - North Yorkshire Fire & Rescue Service". www.northyorksfire.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 May 2020.

External links[edit]