Colchester, Virginia

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Unincorporated community
Colchester is located in Northern Virginia
Colchester is located in Virginia
Colchester is located in USA
Coordinates: 38°40′7″N 77°14′3″W / 38.66861°N 77.23417°W / 38.66861; -77.23417Coordinates: 38°40′7″N 77°14′3″W / 38.66861°N 77.23417°W / 38.66861; -77.23417
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Colchester is a historic unincorporated community on the Occoquan River in Fairfax County, Virginia.


Colchester is a former tobacco port established in 1753.[1] The port town was located on the old post road and Thomas Mason (son of George Mason) operated a ferry across the Occoquan River here. In 1798, Mason built a wooden bridge across the river; the bridge was washed away around 1807.[2] Only one of Colchester's original buildings exists—the Fairfax Arms (10712 Old Colchester Road), which had been an ordinary and now is a privately owned dwelling. The decline of the tobacco trade, silting of the river, and diversion of most shipping to the towns of Alexandria and Occoquan caused Colchester's decline.[1]


The Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad, Interstate 95, and the Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1) are located directly to the west of the Colchester area.

Portions of roads that accessed Colchester still exist. Colchester Road in Clifton is part of SR 612, and Old Colchester Road, which runs north and becomes Telegraph Road leading to Alexandria, is part of SR 611.

Famous residents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Prats, J.J. (March 26, 2006). "Colchester Marker". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ Phinney, Stephen E. (1995). "Woodbridge is 200 Years Old!". Historic Prince William. Retrieved 11 September 2015.