Colchester (UK Parliament constituency)

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Colchester
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Colchester in Essex.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 73,638 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Will Quince (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Colchester North, South Colchester and Maldon
1295–1983
Number of members one (two 1295-1885)
Replaced by Colchester North and Colchester South & Maldon
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Colchester is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Will Quince, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The borough has sent representatives to Parliament since the Model Parliament of 1295: two members were sent until 1885, when representation was reduced to one, being one of 36 English boroughs and three Irish boroughs to which this occurred under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

Colchester in Essex 1918-50

1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Colchester, and the Rural District of Lexden and Winstree except the detached part of the civil parish of Inworth which was wholly surrounded by the civil parishes of Great Braxted and Kelvedon.

1950-1983: The Municipal Borough of Colchester, the Urban District of West Mersea, and the Rural District of Lexden and Winstree.

1997-2010: The Borough of Colchester wards of Berechurch, Castle, Harbour, Lexden, Mile End, New Town, Prettygate, St Andrew's, St Anne's, St John's, St Mary's, Shrub End, and Stanway.

2010-present: The Borough of Colchester wards of Berechurch, Castle, Christ Church, Harbour, Highwoods, Lexden, Mile End, New Town, Prettygate, St Andrew’s, St Anne’s, St John’s, and Shrub End.

The present Colchester constituency most closely resembles the old seat of Colchester North, which was held by the Conservative Bernard Jenkin from 1992 to 1997.

Constituency profile[edit]

Once the basis for one or two semi-rural seats, the modern-day Colchester constituency is a compact, urban core, containing the town centre and surrounding neighbourhoods.

The seat has one of Britain's largest residential military populations. The non-military vote in Colchester swang further in favour of the Liberal Democrats since 1997 when Bob Russell stood. He was elected for the party with a small majority. Russell increased his votes and percentage share in three elections. In the 2010 election this was the only non-Conservative seat in Essex. Russell was defeated in the 2015 general election by Conservative Will Quince, by a 11.5% majority. In the 2017 election Quince was re-elected by a decreased margin by percentage (10.6%) yet increased votes (102 votes more) in an election where turnout nationally had greatly increased — the seat saw a 19.1% increase in the Labour vote in 2017, a Labour candidate had last achieved second place in the area in 1979, with the seat now becoming a somewhat marginal contest between them and the Conservatives.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1312 Joseph Elianore
1386 Thomas Francis Ralph Algar[3]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Francis Simon Fordham[3]
1388 (Sep) Ralph Algar Simon Fordham[3]
1390 (Jan) Thomas Francis Simon Fordham[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Thomas Francis John Christian[3]
1393 William Mate John Christian[3]
1394
1395 Thomas Francis John Christian[3]
1397 (Jan) Henry Boss John Seaburgh[3]
1397 (Sep)
1399 Thomas Francis Thomas Godstone[3]
1401
1402 Henry Boss Thomas Godstone[3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Henry Boss William Mate[3]
1407 Thomas Godstone William Mate[3]
1410
1411 Thomas Godstone John Pod[3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Thomas Godstone Thomas Francis[3]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Thomas Godstone Simon Mate[3]
1415
1416 (Mar) John Ford John Sumpter[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Godstone John Ford[3]
1419 Thomas Godstone John Sumpter[3]
1420 Thomas Godstone John Kimberley[3]
1421 (May) Thomas Godstone John Kimberley[3]
1421 (Dec) Thomas Godstone William Nottingham[3]
1485 Thomas Christmas John Vertue[4]
1510 No names known[5]
1512 ?John Clere ?John Makin[5]
1515 ?John Clere ?John Makin[5]
1523 Thomas Audley Ambrose Lowth[5]
1529 Sir John Raynsford Richard Rich[5]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 John Lucas Benjamin Clere[5]
1547 John Ryther John Lucas[5]
1553 (Mar) Sir Francis Jobson ?John Lucas[5]
1553 (Oct) John Lucas John Best[5]
1554 (Apr) Sir Francis Jobson William Cardinall[5]
1554 (Nov) George Sayer Robert Browne[5]
1555 Sir Francis Jobson John Hering[5]
1558 George Christmas Thomas Lucas [5]
1559 Sir Francis Jobson William Cardinall[6]
1562/3 Sir Francis Jobson William Cardinall[6]
1571 Henry Golding Francis Harvey[6]
1572 Robert Christmas Henry Golding, died
and repl, 1576 by
Nicholas Clere, who alao died
and was repl. 1579 by
Robert Middleton[6]
1584 James Morice Francis Harvey[6]
1586 James Morice Francis Harvey[6]
1588 James Morice Arthur Throckmorton[6]
1593 James Morice Martin Bessell[6]
1597 Richard Symnell Robert Barker[6]
1601 Robert Barker Richard Symnell[6]
1604–1611 Robert Barker Edward Alford
1614 Robert Barker Edward Alford
1621–1622 Edward Alford William Towse
1624 Edward Alford William Towse
1625 Sir Robert Quarles William Towse
1626 Edward Alford William Towse
1628 Sir Thomas Cheek Edward Alford
repl. on petition by
Sir William Masham, 1st Baronet
1639–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Year First member[7] First party Second member[7] Second party
April 1640 (Sir) Harbottle Grimston[mpnotes 1] Parliamentarian Sir William Masham, 1st Baronet
November 1640 Sir Thomas Barrington Parliamentarian
September 1644 Barrington died September 1644 - seat vacant
1645 John Sayer
December 1648 Grimston excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant Sayer not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Colchester was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Colonel John Barkstead John Maidstone
1656 Henry Lawrence
January 1659 Abraham Johnson John Shaw
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Harbottle Grimston John Shaw
1679 Sir Walter Clarges, Bt
1681 Samuel Reynolds
1685 Sir Walter Clarges Nathaniel Lawrence
1689 Samuel Reynolds Isaac Rebow
1690 Edward Cary
1692 Sir Isaac Rebow
1694 Sir Thomas Cooke
1695 Sir John Morden, Bt
1698 Sir Thomas Cooke
May 1705 Edward Bullock
December 1705 Sir Thomas Webster, Bt[mpnotes 2]
1711 William Gore
1713 Sir Thomas Webster, Bt
1714[mpnotes 3] William Gore Nicholas Corsellis
1715 Richard Du Cane Whig Sir Isaac Rebow Whig
1722 Sir Thomas Webster Whig Matthew Martin Whig
1727 Stamp Brooksbank Whig Samuel Tufnell Whig
1734 Isaac Lemyng Rebow Whig Matthew Martin Whig
1735 Jacob Houblon Tory
1741 John Olmius
1742[mpnotes 4] Samuel Savill Charles Gray[mpnotes 5] Tory
1747 Richard Savage Nassau
1754 John Olmius
1755 Isaac Martin Rebow Whig
1761 Charles Gray Tory
1780 Sir Robert Smyth, Bt Radical Whig
1781 Christopher Potter[mpnotes 6]
1782 [mpnotes 6] Sir Edmund Affleck, Bt[mpnotes 7]
April 1784 Christopher Potter[mpnotes 8]
July 1784 Sir Robert Smyth, Bt Radical
1788 George Tierney Radical
1790 Robert Thornton Tory George Jackson Tory
1796 The Lord Muncaster Tory
1802 John Denison Tory
1806 William Tufnell Whig
1807 Richard Hart Davis Tory
1812 Hart Davis Tory
1817 Sir William Burroughs, Bt Tory
February 1818 James Beckford Wildman Tory
June 1818 Daniel Whittle Harvey[mpnotes 9] Radical
1820 Henry Baring Tory
1826 Daniel Whittle Harvey Radical Sir George Smyth, Bt Tory
1830 Andrew Spottiswoode[mpnotes 10] Tory
1831 William Mayhew Whig
1832 Richard Sanderson Conservative
1835 Sir George Smyth, Bt Conservative
1847 Joseph Hardcastle Whig[8][9][10]
1850 Lord John Manners Conservative
1852 William Warwick Hawkins Conservative
February 1857 John Gurdon Rebow Radical[11][12][13]
March 1857 Taverner John Miller Conservative
1859 Philip Oxenden Papillon Conservative
1865 John Gurdon Rebow Liberal
1867 Edward Karslake Conservative
1868 William Brewer Liberal
1870 Alexander Learmonth Conservative
1874 Herbert Mackworth-Praed Conservative
1880 Richard Causton Liberal William Willis Liberal
1885 Representation reduced to one member

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Succeeded to a baronetcy, April 1648
  2. ^ Webster and Rebow were re-elected in 1714, but on petition the result was reversed and Gore declared to have been duly elected instead, following a dispute over whether foreigners could be made freemen of the borough and thereby acquire voting rights
  3. ^ Webster was re-elected in 1710, but on petition the result was reversed and Gore and Corsellis declared to have been duly elected instead, following a further dispute over foreign freemen's voting rights
  4. ^ At the election of 1741, Olmius and Martin were returned as elected, but on petition their election was declared void and their opponents, Savill and Gray, declared elected in their place
  5. ^ At the election of 1754, Gray was re- elected, but on petition his election was declared void and his opponent, Rebow, declared elected in his place
  6. ^ a b On petition, Potter's election was declared void on the grounds of defective qualification and his opponent, Affleck, declared duly elected
  7. ^ Admiral from 1784
  8. ^ On petition, Potter was declared ineligible on the grounds of bankruptcy, and a writ for a new election was issued
  9. ^ Harvey was re-elected in 1820 but on petition his election was declared void on the grounds of defective qualification and a by-election was held
  10. ^ On petition, Spottiswoode's election was declared void and a by-election was held

MPs 1885–1983[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1885 Henry John Trotter Conservative
1888 Lord Brooke Conservative
1892 Herbert Naylor-Leyland Conservative
1895 Weetman Pearson Liberal
1910 Laming Worthington-Evans Conservative
1929 Oswald Lewis Conservative
1945 George Smith Labour
1950 Cuthbert Alport Conservative
1961 Antony Buck Conservative
1983 Constituency abolished

MPs since 1997[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1997 Bob Russell Liberal Democrat
2015 Will Quince Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Colchester[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Will Quince 24,565 45.9 +6.9
Labour Tim Young 18,888 35.3 +19.1
Liberal Democrat Bob Russell 9,087 17.0 -10.5
Green Mark Goacher 828 1.5 -3.6
Christian Peoples Robin Rennie[15] 177 0.3 +0.1
Majority 5,677 10.6 -0.9
Turnout 53,545 66.9 +1.4
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 6.1
General Election 2015: Colchester[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Will Quince 18,919 38.9 +6.1
Liberal Democrat Bob Russell 13,344 27.5 −20.5
Labour Jordan Newell 7,852 16.2 +3.8
UKIP John Pitts 5,870 12.1 +9.2
Green Mark Goacher 2,499 5.1 +3.6
Christian Peoples Ken Scrimshaw 109 0.2 +0.2
Majority 5,575 11.5
Turnout 48,593 65.5 +3.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing 7.2
General Election 2010: Colchester[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Bob Russell 22,151 48.0 +0.3
Conservative Will Quince 15,169 32.9 +0.8
Labour Jordan Newell 5,680 12.3 −7.9
UKIP John Pitts 1,350 2.9 N/A
BNP Sidney Chaney 705 1.5 N/A
Green Peter Lynn 694 1.5 N/A
English Democrat Eddie Bone 335 0.7 N/A
Peoples Party Essex Garryck Noble 35 0.1 N/A
Independent Paul Shaw 20 0.0 N/A
Majority 6,982 15.1 −0.5
Turnout 46,139 62.3 +5.8
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −0.2

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Colchester[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Bob Russell 21,145 47.1 +4.5
Conservative Kevin Bentley 14,868 33.1 +3.2
Labour Laura Bruni 8,886 19.8 −5.2
Majority 6,277 14.0
Turnout 44,899 56.8 +0.7
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +0.6
General Election 2001: Colchester[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Bob Russell 18,627 42.6 +8.2
Conservative Kevin Bentley 13,074 29.9 −1.5
Labour Christopher Fegan 10,925 25.0 −5.6
UKIP Roger Lord 631 1.4 N/A
Grey Party Leonard Overy-Owen 479 1.1 N/A
Majority 5,553 12.7
Turnout 43,736 56.1 −13.5
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Colchester[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Bob Russell 17,886 34.4 +1.7
Conservative Stephan Shakespeare 16,335 31.4 −10.6
Labour Rod Green 15,891 30.5 +6.4
Referendum John Hazell 1,776 3.4 N/A
Natural Law Loretta Basker 148 0.3 N/A
Majority 1,551 3.0
Turnout 52,036 69.2

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 36,740 52.93
Labour Bob Russell 22,877 32.96
Liberal M Gage 9,794 14.11
Majority 13,863 19.97
Turnout 76.62
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 27,693 44.45
Labour David Whytock 22,193 35.62
Liberal D Christian 12,421 19.94
Majority 5,500 8.83
Turnout 76.14
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 29,072 43.38
Labour David Whytock 22,210 33.14
Liberal DW Thomas 15,737 23.48
Majority 6,862 10.24
Turnout 82.60
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 30,562 52.57
Labour John G Bartlett 20,325 34.96
Liberal Peter S Watts 7,248 12.47
Majority 10,237 17.61
Turnout 77.57
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 24,320 45.60
Labour Michael Meacher 23,305 43.69
Liberal Peter S Watts 5,714 10.71
Majority 1,015 1.90
Turnout 82.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 23,319 46.03
Labour Charles Williams 19,780 39.04
Liberal Eric W Rodnight 7,566 14.93
Majority 3,539 6.99
Turnout 82.06
Conservative hold Swing
By Election 1961: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Antony Buck 17,891 47.14 -4.46
Labour John Wilson Fear 12,547 33.06 -2.81
Liberal Howard Fry 7,487 19.74 +7.26
Majority 5,344 14.09 -1.65
Turnout 37,925
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cuthbert Alport 24,592 51.63
Labour Joan I. Edmonson 17,096 35.89
Liberal Peter M Linfoot 5,942 12.48
Majority 7,496 15.74
Turnout 82.44
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Colchester[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cuthbert Alport 24,796 55.48
Labour Co-op Norman R Thomas 19,898 44.52
Majority 4,898 10.96
Turnout 80.49
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cuthbert Alport 25,063 54.16
Labour Xenia Field 21,217 45.84
Majority 3,846 8.31
Turnout 84.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cuthbert Alport 21,403 46.50
Labour Charles Delacourt-Smith 20,472 44.47
Liberal David Goldblatt 4,157 9.03
Majority 931 2.02
Turnout 86.77
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Delacourt-Smith 16,587 45.31
Conservative Oswald Lewis 14,123 38.58
Liberal George Alexander Routledge 5,899 16.11
Majority 2,464 6.73
Turnout 73.87
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Oswald Lewis 19,915 58.65
Labour Hubert Beaumont 14,039 41.35
Majority 5,876 17.31
Turnout 74.63
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Colchester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Oswald Lewis 22,285 67.51
Labour Edward Aylmer Digby 10,725 32.49
Majority 11,560 35.02
Turnout 76.38
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Colchester[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Oswald Lewis 13,411 40.3 −16.3
Labour Richard Reiss 12,809 38.5 −4.9
Liberal William Elliston 6,896 20.7 N/A
Independent Unionist C.C. Gray 172 0.5 N/A
Majority 602 1.8 −11.4
Turnout 33,288 79.4 +0.6
Registered electors 41,947
Unionist hold Swing −5.7
General Election 1924: Colchester[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Laming Worthington-Evans 14,283 56.6 +13.2
Labour Richard Reiss 10,953 43.4 +9.2
Majority 3,330 13.2 +4.0
Turnout 25,236 78.8 +0.6
Registered electors 32,009
Unionist hold Swing +2.0
General Election 1923: Colchester[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Laming Worthington-Evans 10,535 43.4 −13.3
Labour Richard Reiss 8,316 34.2 −9.1
Liberal Arthur Horne Goldfinch 5,430 22.4 N/A
Majority 2,219 9.2 −4.2
Turnout 24,281 78.2 +0.3
Registered electors 31,058
Unionist hold Swing −2.1
Worthington-Evans
General Election 1922 : Colchester[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Laming Worthington-Evans 13,142 56.7 −4.4
Labour Richard Reiss 10,045 43.3 +4.4
Majority 3,097 13.4 −8.8
Turnout 23,187 77.9 +17.7
Registered electors 29,779
Unionist hold Swing −4.4

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Causton
General Election 1885: Colchester [24][25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry John Trotter 2,044 52.1 +3.7
Liberal Richard Causton 1,878 47.9 −3.7
Majority 166 4.2 N/A
Turnout 3,922 92.5 +4.1 (est)
Registered electors 4,241
Conservative win
General Election 1886: Colchester [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry John Trotter 1,996 54.0 +1.9
Liberal Richard Causton 1,701 46.0 -1.9
Majority 295 8.0 +2.8
Turnout 3,697 87.2 -5.3
Registered electors 4,241
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Trotter's death a caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 Dec 1888: Colchester [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Greville 2,126 55.8 +1.8
Liberal William Brampton Gurdon 1,687 44.2 -1.8
Majority 439 11.6 +3.6
Turnout 3,813 86.3 -0.9
Registered electors 4,417
Conservative hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Colchester [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Naylor-Leyland 2,173 50.7 −3.3
Liberal Weetman Pearson 2,112 49.3 +3.3
Majority 61 1.4 −6.6
Turnout 4,285 85.7 −1.5
Registered electors 5,000
Conservative hold Swing −3.3
Pearson
Colchester by-election, 1895 [24][25][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Weetman Pearson 2,559 52.7 +3.4
Conservative John Medlicott Vereker 2,296 47.3 -3.4
Majority 263 5.4 N/A
Turnout 4,855 92.4 +6.7
Registered electors 5,257
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +3.4
General Election 1895: Colchester [24][25][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Weetman Pearson 2,475 52.2 +2.9
Conservative Edward Samuel Norris 2,270 47.8 −2.9
Majority 205 4.4 N/A
Turnout 4,745 90.3 +4.6
Registered electors 5,257
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.9

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Colchester [24][25][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Weetman Pearson 2,548 52.8 +0.6
Conservative Trevenen Holland 2,274 47.2 -0.6
Majority 274 5.6 +1.2
Turnout 4,822 85.1 -5.2
Registered electors 5,663
Liberal hold Swing +0.6
General Election 1906: Colchester [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Weetman Pearson 3,122 52.6 -0.2
Conservative Laming Worthington-Evans 2,812 47.4 +0.2
Majority 310 5.2 -0.4
Turnout 5,934 92.3 +7.2
Registered electors 6,426
Liberal hold Swing -0.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Colchester [24][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Laming Worthington-Evans 3,717 56.0 +8.6
Liberal Frederick Whitley-Thomson 2,926 44.0 -8.6
Majority 791 12.0 17.2
Turnout 91.9 -0.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.6
General Election December 1910: Colchester [24][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Laming Worthington-Evans 3,489 54.8 -1.2
Liberal Edgar Vincent 2,874 45.2 +1.2
Majority 615 9.6 -2.4
Turnout 88.1 -3.8
Conservative hold Swing -1.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Colchester[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Laming Worthington-Evans 11,186 61.1 +6.3
Labour Andrew Conley 7,112 38.9 N/A
Majority 4,074 22.2 +12.6
Turnout 18,298 60.2 −27.9
Registered electors 30,372
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election results 1832-1885[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

Smyth's resignation caused a by-election.

By-election, 9 February 1850: Colchester[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Manners 622 61.5
Whig George Wingrove Cooke[35][36][37] 389 38.5
Majority 233 23.0
Turnout 1,011 (est) 80.9 (est)
Registered electors 1,250
Conservative hold Swing

Manners was appointed First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 4 March 1852: Colchester[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Manners Unopposed
Conservative hold
General Election 1852: Colchester[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Warwick Hawkins 686 36.7
Conservative John Manners 615 32.9
Whig Joseph Hardcastle 468 25.1
Conservative Henry Thoby Prinsep[38] 98 5.2
Majority 147 7.9
Turnout 934 (est) 74.2 (est)
Registered electors 1,258
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Whig Swing

Manners resigned to contest the 1852 by-election in North Leicestershire, causing a by-election.

By-election, 24 February 1857: Colchester[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical John Gurdon Rebow 563 54.6 N/A
Conservative Taverner John Miller 462 44.8 N/A
Radical William Rawdon Havens[39][40][41] 7 0.7 N/A
Majority 101 9.8 N/A
Turnout 1,032 (est) 80.5 (est) +6.3
Registered electors 1,282
Radical gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General Election 1857: Colchester[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Taverner John Miller 599 48.8 N/A
Radical John Gurdon Rebow 581 47.3 N/A
Radical William Rawdon Havens 48 3.9 N/A
Majority 18 1.5 −6.4
Turnout 614 (est) 47.9 (est) −26.3
Registered electors 1,282
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Radical gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General Election 1859: Colchester[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Taverner John Miller 651 36.8 +12.4
Conservative Philip Oxenden Papillon 598 33.8 +9.4
Liberal John Gurdon Rebow 518 29.3 −18.0
Majority 80 4.5 +3.0
Turnout 884 (est) 70.3 (est) +22.4
Registered electors 1,257
Conservative hold Swing +10.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +9.2

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Colchester (2 seats)[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Gurdon Rebow 691 36.5 +7.2
Conservative Taverner John Miller 640 33.8 −3.0
Conservative Philip Oxenden Papillon[42] 561 29.7 −4.1
Majority 51 2.7 N/A
Turnout 1,292 (est) 91.9 (est) +21.6
Registered electors 1,405
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.2
Conservative hold Swing −3.3

Miller resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 15 Feb 1867: Colchester (1 seat)[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Karslake 675 53.0 −10.5
Liberal William Brewer 598 47.0 +10.5
Majority 77 6.0 N/A
Turnout 1,273 90.6 −1.3
Registered electors 1,405
Conservative hold Swing −10.5
General Election 1868: Colchester (2 seats)[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Gurdon Rebow 1,467 27.2 +8.9
Liberal William Brewer 1,417 26.3 +8.0
Conservative Edward Karslake 1,284 23.8 −10.0
Conservative Alexander Learmonth 1,217 22.6 −7.1
Majority 133 2.5 −0.2
Turnout 2,693 (est) 90.7 (est) −1.2
Registered electors 3,183
Liberal hold Swing +8.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +9.0

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

Rebow's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 3 Nov 1870: Colchester (1 seat)[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alexander Learmonth 1,363 61.5 +15.1
Liberal Henry Knight Storks[43] 853 38.5 −15.0
Majority 510 23.0 N/A
Turnout 2,216 70.5 −20.2
Registered electors 3,145
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +15.1
General Election 1874: Colchester (2 seats)[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Alexander Learmonth 1,515 28.0 +5.4
Conservative Herbert Mackworth-Praed 1,407 26.0 +2.2
Liberal William Brewer 1,279 23.6 −2.7
Liberal Richard Causton 1,218 22.5 −4.7
Majority 128 2.4 N/A
Turnout 2,710 (est) 85.1 (est) −5.6
Registered electors 3,183
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Causton
General Election 1880: Colchester (2 seats)[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Causton 1,738 26.5 +4.0
Liberal William Willis 1,650 25.1 +1.5
Conservative Alexander Learmonth 1,648 25.1 −2.9
Conservative Francis Jeune[44] 1,529 23.3 −2.7
Majority 2 0.0 N/A
Turnout 3,283 (est) 88.4 (est) −0.7
Registered electors 3,713
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +3.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.1

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, (48-49 Vict. Chapter 23), Schedule 2
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
  4. ^ Cavill. The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  7. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 5)
  8. ^ "Reference: D/B 5 Pb1/1". Essex Record Office. Retrieved 21 April 2018. 
  9. ^ "Neighbouring Counties". Norfolk News. 7 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ Gardeners Chronicle & New Horticulturist, Volume 7. Haymarket Publishing. 1847. p. 233. Retrieved 21 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Election Intelligence". Morning Post. 16 March 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ "The Coming Election". The Essex County Standard. 25 March 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  13. ^ "The Dissolution". Essex Standard. 18 March 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  14. ^ ""Last night we selected our two candidates for the General Election. Mark Goacher will be standing in the Colchester constituency and Blake Roberts in Harwich and North Essex!"". Colchester & District Green Party Facebook page. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  15. ^ East Anglian Daily Times
  16. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  18. ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Colchester
  19. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955. 
  23. ^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  26. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  27. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  28. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  29. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  30. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  31. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  32. ^ ‘GOLDFINCH, Sir Arthur Horne’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 29 Nov 2016
  33. ^ Dictionary of Labour Biography
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  35. ^ "Representation of Colchester". Morning Advertiser. 8 February 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  36. ^ "Colchester Election". Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette. 14 February 1850. p. 4. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  37. ^ "From our Private Correspondent". Dublin Evening Mail. 11 February 1850. p. 2. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  38. ^ "Colchester". Chelsmford Chronicle. 9 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  39. ^ "Colchester". Bury Free Press. 14 February 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  40. ^ "Colchester Election". Essex Standard. 27 February 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  41. ^ "Election Intelligence". Bucks Herald. 28 February 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  42. ^ "Colchester Election". Essex Standard. 14 July 1865. p. 2. Retrieved 5 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  43. ^ "Colchester Election". Essex Standard. 4 November 1870. p. 4. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  44. ^ "Essex". Bury and Norwich Post. 21 Feb 1888. p. 8. Retrieved 25 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 

Sources[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, "A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament" (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Victoria County History of Essex online at www.british-history.ac.uk