Colchester County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Colchester County
County
Municipality of the County of Colchester[1]
Flag of Colchester County
Flag
Official seal of Colchester County
Seal
Motto: "We Prosper From Our Resources"
Location of Colchester County, Nova Scotia
Location of Colchester County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°24′N 63°18′W / 45.4°N 63.3°W / 45.4; -63.3Coordinates: 45°24′N 63°18′W / 45.4°N 63.3°W / 45.4; -63.3
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Towns Stewiacke / Truro
Villages Bible Hill / Tatamagouche
Established 1835
Incorporated April 17, 1879
Electoral Districts      
Federal

Cumberland—Colchester—Musquodoboit Valley
Provincial Colchester North / Colchester-Musquodoboit Valley / Truro-Bible Hill
Government
 • Type Colchester County Municipal Council
 • Mayor Christine Blair
Area[2]
 • Land 3,628.12 km2 (1,400.82 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2][3]
 • Total 50,585
 • Density 13.9/km2 (36/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16 Decrease0.8%
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 902
Dwellings 25,378
Median Income* $42,782 CDN
Website colchester.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Colchester County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.

History[edit]

The appellation Colchester was applied in 1780 to the district previously called "Cobequid," and was derived from the town of Colchester in Essex. The old name Cobequid was derived from the Mi'kmaq word "Wagobagitk" meaning "the bay runs far up", in reference to the area surrounding the easternmost inlet of the Minas Basin, a body of water called Cobequid Bay.

The District of Colchester, which was at first part of Halifax County, was established as a county in its own right in 1835. In 1838 a distinct line of division between Cumberland County and Colchester County was established. Two years later, in 1840, the Township of Parrsboro was divided and part of it annexed to Colchester County. In 1871, the boundaries between the Counties of Hants and Colchester and between the Counties of Halifax and Colchester were established. In 1880 the boundary between the Counties of Halifax and Colchester was revised. Eventually in 1897 a portion of the boundary between the Counties of Colchester and Cumberland was fixed and defined.

The question of the boundary between Colchester and Cumberland Counties was the subject of a Commission of Inquiry established in 1946. The report was filed in the office of the Provincial Secretary and in the office of the Department of Lands and Forests in January 1959. Certified copies of it were sent to the Registrars of Deeds for the Counties of Colchester, Cumberland and Kings.

Communities[edit]

Towns
Villages
Reserves
County municipality and county subdivisions

As towns, Stewiacke and Truro each have their own local governing councils. All other communities in the county are located within one of eleven electoral districts, each of which provides a representative to County Council. Additionally, a mayor is elected for the whole county. The mayor also sits on county council.

Demographics[edit]

As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Colchester County recorded a population of 50,585 living in 22,229 of its 25,378 total private dwellings, a change of −0.8% from its 2011 population of 50,968. With a land area of 3,628.12 km2 (1,400.82 sq mi), it had a population density of 13.9/km2 (36.1/sq mi) in 2016.[4]

Forming the majority of the Colchester County census division, the Municipality of the County of Colchester recorded a population of 36,091 living in 15,246 of its 17,814 total private dwellings in the 2016 Census of Population, a change of −1.5% from its 2011 population of 36,624. With a land area of 3,572.49 km2 (1,379.35 sq mi), it had a population density of 10.1/km2 (26.2/sq mi) in 2016.[5]

Access Routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]