Cold Spring, New York

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This article is about the village on the Hudson River. For the town in western New York, see Coldspring, New York. For the hamlet on Long Island, see Cold Spring Harbor, New York.
Cold Spring, New York
Cold Spring's Main Street, part of the federally recognized historic district in the village
Cold Spring's Main Street, part of the federally recognized historic district in the village
Location in Putnam County and the state of New York.
Location in Putnam County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 41°25′8″N 73°57′16″W / 41.41889°N 73.95444°W / 41.41889; -73.95444Coordinates: 41°25′8″N 73°57′16″W / 41.41889°N 73.95444°W / 41.41889; -73.95444
Country United States
State New York
County Putnam
Incorporated 1846
 • Total 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 • Land 0.59 sq mi (1.54 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)  0.91%
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 1,983
 • Density 3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-16936

Cold Spring is a village in the town of Philipstown in Putnam County, New York, United States. The population was 1,983 at the 2010 census.[1] It borders the smaller village of Nelsonville and Garrison. The central area of the village is on the National Register of Historic Places as the Cold Spring Historic District due to its many well-preserved 19th-century buildings, constructed to accommodate workers at the nearby West Point Foundry (itself a Registered Historic Place today). The town is the birthplace of General Gouverneur K. Warren, who was an important figure in the Union Army during the Civil War. The village, located in the Hudson Highlands, sits at the deepest point of the Hudson River, directly across from West Point. Cold Spring serves as a weekend getaway for many residents of New York City.

Commuter service to New York City is available via the Cold Spring train station, served by Metro-North Railroad. The train journey is about an hour and ten minutes to Grand Central Terminal.


Until 1818, when the West Point Foundry was established by Gouverneur Kemble, Cold Spring was a small settlement nestled on the shores of the Hudson River near the river's narrowest point. Cold Spring served as an industrial base for the next 150 years. A battery factory operated from 1952 to 1979, polluting nearby Constitution Marsh, before the marsh was cleaned (at great expense) in the 1990s.

A snapshot of the town's history through the years

The sloop Clearwater was launched on June 27, 1969. It was 106 feet (32 meter) long with a 108 foot (33 meter) mast. In August, 1969,the sloop pulled into the East River in New York City on its way to the Hudson River. Seeger also formed the Clearwater organization, an environmental group dedicated to advances in sewer treatment, industrial waste disposal, and the discharge of major pollutants into the Hudson. Seeger’s purpose was not to just call attention to environmental problems but to entertain people along the Hudson. In 1970, the sloop docked for a songfest at the town of Cold Spring,NY once a Ku Klux Klan stronghold. The crowd numbered about 500 as the Mid-Hudson Philharmonic played. As Seeger appeared on stage to thank the audience for coming, fifteen drunks stood up waving little American flags, yelling “Throw the Commies out.” They stood in front of the stage and unrolled a banner that said: STOP POLLUTION, GET RID OF PETE. That night someone cut the sloop’s moorings and there were threats to torch the boat. All of this created tension within the Clearwater organization. ref:

Roger Ailes Isn’t Donating $500K To A Senior Center, According To His Wife’s Newspaper

...On Wednesday morning, Roger and Elizabeth Ailes reportedly told the PCNR that “they had hoped to help the senior citizens in Philipstown but it is clear for political reasons their funding is not welcome.” The couple withdrew the donation, saying they would be “assigning the money to another one of their charities who can put it to use immediately.”

What might have been useful to know at the start of that the Putnam County News and Recorder is owned and published by Elizabeth Ailes. That information does, eventually, appear — in the fifth-to-last paragraph of the piece.


Funeral procession for a Ku Klux Klan member, held in Cold Spring, Putnam County, New York, 1920s.

Donuts, Coffee and Gas for the first time in Cold Spring, NY

It may be the only project in Cold Spring that has rivaled Butterfield in the amount of chatter it has generated, and ironically, much of the conversation has probably taken place in area coffee shops and cafes.

After two and a half years of rumors, fears, anticipation and delays, construction of a Dunkin’ Donuts shop, including a drive-thru and convenience store has begun, where, for 25 years, Kenny Elmes operated his Elmesco Citgo service station — on Chestnut Street (Route 9D) adjacent to Foodtown Plaza.

The community was taken completely by surprise when, on June 13, 2013, Elmes sold his service station. “I wonder what will happen to Dunkin’ Donuts?” was the question repeated throughout the village for weeks to follow. The question was answered in November when Syed Hussain, owner-manager of the Gulf station that had replaced Citgo, emphatically told The Paper that he intended to complete the Dunkin’ Donuts project.


Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism Paperback – October 3, 2006 by James W. Loewen From Maine to California, thousands of communities kept out African Americans (or sometimes Chinese Americans, Jewish Americans, etc.) by force, law, or custom. These communities are sometimes called "sundown towns" because some of them posted signs at their city limits reading, typically, "Nigger, Don't Let The Sun Go Down On You In ___." Some towns are still all white on purpose. Their chilling stories have been joined more recently by the many elite (and some not so elite) suburbs like Grosse Pointe, MI, or Edina, MN, that have excluded nonwhites by "kinder gentler means." When I began this research, I expected to find about 10 sundown towns in Illinois (my home state) and perhaps 50 across the country. Instead, I have found about 507 in Illinois and thousands across the United States. This is their story; it is the first book ever written on the topic. Ref:


Cold Spring is located at 41°25′8″N 73°57′16″W / 41.41889°N 73.95444°W / 41.41889; -73.95444 (41.418907, -73.954522).[2]

Hudson River Views From Cold Spring, New York
A MetroNorth train arriving at Cold Spring train station

The village is bordered by the Hudson River to the west, and is bound by the Hudson Highlands State Park to the north, where Mount Taurus and Breakneck Ridge rise steeply and dramatically out of the banks of the Hudson and form two basically parallel ridges that track each other inland. The valley between them has an abandoned dairy farm, two lakes, and a camp. The view from the river bank is the Constitution Marsh and the US Military Academy (West Point) slightly to the south, and Crow's Nest and Storm King Mountain to the west and northwest. All of this considered, the village is nestled in the most prominent vertical terrain on the Hudson River north of New York City prior to the Shawangunk and Catskill ranges. Being bound by these formidable terrain features has kept the size of the village small, and prevented the suburban sprawl that has come about in the less-constrained regions to the north and south and in the New York Metropolitan area generally. This unique sense of place, and the village's historic housing stock, have made it a very popular weekend destination for tourists from New York City. Its oldest current home is located on 191 Main Street and was built in 1814. Some say Abraham Lincoln visited that house when he visited Cold Spring.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), of which 0.59 square miles (1.54 km2) is land and 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.91%, is water.[3]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,770
1870 3,086 11.4%
1880 2,111 −31.6%
1900 2,067
1910 2,549 23.3%
1920 1,433 −43.8%
1930 1,784 24.5%
1940 1,897 6.3%
1950 1,788 −5.7%
1960 2,083 16.5%
1970 2,083 0.0%
1980 2,161 3.7%
1990 1,998 −7.5%
2000 1,983 −0.8%
2010 2,013 1.5%
Est. 2015 1,964 [4] −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 1,983 people, 910 households, and 528 families residing in the village. Cold Spring's official website states that they now have 2,013 people. The population density was 3,273.9 people per square mile (1,255.1/km²). There were 953 housing units at an average density of 1,573.4 per square mile (603.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.57% White, 0.45% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.06% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.87% of the population.

Out of the 910 households, 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 69% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the village the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 81.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $53,382, and the median income for a family was $76,403. Males had a median income of $54,643 versus $42,036 for females. The per capita income for the village was $34,560. About 2.2% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Summer camps[edit]

Surprise Lake Camp is located in Cold Spring when it was the last stop on the Hudson River Line in 1902. Surprise Lake Camp is a Jewish Summer Camp funded by the UJA Federation of New York. Some famous campers were Eddie Cantor, Larry King, Neil Diamond, Jerry Stiller, Neil Simon, and many more. More information can be found on Surprise Lake's Wikipedia page.[7]


Boscobel is a notable Federalist mansion turned museum, with sweeping, panoramic views of the Hudson River Valley and West Point Military Academy.

Stonecrop Gardens is a traditional Alpine garden, open to the public since 1992, that was created by Garden Conservancy founder Frank Cabot and his wife, Anne in 1958. [8]

The Cold Spring Film Society is a local arts non-profit that shows free movie screenings within the village throughout the year.

Notable residents[edit]

Cold Spring is home to:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cold Spring village, Putnam County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cold Spring village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Surprise Lake Camp's website". Surprise Lake Camp. 
  8. ^

External links[edit]