Colden Common

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Colden Common
Colden Common is located in Hampshire
Colden Common
Colden Common
Location within Hampshire
Population3,681 (2001 census)
3,857 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU475225
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townEastleigh
Postcode districtSO21
Dialling code01962
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteColden Common Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°59′52″N 1°18′51″W / 50.9979°N 1.3141°W / 50.9979; -1.3141Coordinates: 50°59′52″N 1°18′51″W / 50.9979°N 1.3141°W / 50.9979; -1.3141

Colden Common is a village and civil parish in Hampshire, England, lying just east of the M3 motorway between Winchester and Southampton. The nearest town is Eastleigh to the south west. Colden Common is in the Winchester District. To the east are the South Downs and to the west is the River Itchen. The village lies north of the hamlet of Fisher's Pond and the village of Fair Oak, and south of the village and parish of Twyford.

History[edit]

The Ecclesiastical Parish of Colden Common was formed in 1843[2] as part of the civil parishes of Twyford and Owslebury, with Holy Trinity Church built the following year on the southern boundary of the parish. It then became an independent civil parish (the lowest tier of local government) in 1932.

In the sixteenth century the hamlet of Brambridge, in what is now Colden Common Parish but was then in Owslebury Parish, was granted by Bishop Richard Foxe to the newly founded Corpus Christi College, Oxford. In 1609-10 Brambridge was granted to John Pierson, together with lands belonging to three recusants, Ursula Uvedale, Richard Bruning and Thomas Welles. Gilbert Welles was granted Brambridge by Charles I in 1636 and the property remained in the Welles family until the late eighteenth century, when it passed to a cousin, Walter Smythe. Walter Smythe's eldest daughter, Maria, became Maria Fitzherbert, and spent her childhood at Brambridge House. She is said to have lived for a while in a cottage at Colden Common when her first husband, Edward Weld, died. One of the rooms in the old Brambridge House was consecrated as a Roman Catholic chapel[3], but after the Papists Act 1778 a small chapel was built in the village and endowed by Maria Fitzherbert in about 1782.[citation needed]

Since the year 2000, Colden Common has grown significantly with the addition of new housing stock.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Colden Common has a Non-League football club Colden Common F.C. who play at Colden Common Recreation Ground.

Amenities[edit]

Colden Common has both Anglican and Methodist churches. There is a community centre located at the centre of the village. The school is Colden Common primary school.

The pubs within the boundaries of the Parish are The Rising Sun, The Queens Head, The Fishers Pond, and The Dog and Crook.

The main entrance of Marwell Zoo is situated on the boundary with Colden Common and Owslebury.

Transport and road network[edit]

  • There are two major roads in Colden Common—the B3354 and the B3335. The B3354 is known as the Main Road whilst it passes through the village, and the B3335 is called Highbridge Road. These two roads meet at a fork, just north of the village, outside the parish boundary. Within the parish boundary, the two roads are joined by Church Lane/Brambridge to the south and Spring Lane to the north.
  • Southampton Airport is 5 miles (8 km) south of the village.
  • The M3 Motorway is 3 miles (5 km) west of the village. Junction 11, which is north of the village, down the B3354 and B3335 roads, is in Twyford Down which is south of Winchester. The other junction, which is closer to the village, is Junction 12, which is west of the village, north of Eastleigh and near Allbrook; the junction is down the B3335 and A335 (Highbridge Road, Allbrook Hill (B3335) and Allbrook Way (A335) (tall vehicles can't go this way because there is a relatively low bridge in Allbrook, under the railway line to London); an alternative route to Junction 12 from Colden Common, but again for light and short vehicles only, is down Kiln Lane, Otterbourne Hill and Winchester Road through Otterbourne. There is a weak bridge over the River Itchen over Kiln Lane and also low bridge so heavy and tall vehicles can't go this way either, the only way for heavy or tall vehicles to get the M3 from Colden Common is via Junction 11.

Colden Common in the news[edit]

"The Tyre Pyre"[edit]

On 12 February 1974 a tyre depot in Colden Common (in a disused claypit in Vears Lane) caught fire. The event was called the "Tyre Pyre".[4]

Victor the Giraffe[edit]

In Marwell Zoological Park on 20 September 1977 a giraffe called Victor fell and could not get up again. Despite desperate attempts to help Victor, he later died of a heart attack.[5]

Twin towns[edit]

Colden Common is twinned with:

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  2. ^ Cox, J Charles (1903). Hampshire. p. 102. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  3. ^ "The Chapel House". Historic England. Historic England. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Parish History and Tyre Pyre". Colden Common Parish Council. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ Dejevsky, Mary (26 September 2012). "Of giraffes - the ones that got away and the ones that didn't". Independent. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  6. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-11.