Coldspring, New York
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|Coldspring, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Cathie H. Van Sickle (D, R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||52.02 sq mi (134.73 km2)|
|• Land||51.46 sq mi (133.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.55 sq mi (1.43 km2)|
|Elevation||1,413 ft (431 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||652|
|• Density||12.67/sq mi (4.89/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST)|
|ZIP code||14783 (Steamburg)|
Coldspring is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 663. It is located in the southwest part of the county, west of the city of Salamanca.
In 1965, the former town of Elko (also known as Quaker Bridge) was flooded in the Allegheny Reservoir and dissolved; its territory and remaining hardware was absorbed by Coldspring. Elko had been formed in 1890 from part of the town of South Valley and is now the south part of Coldspring. Elko had first been settled by Quakers, acting as missionaries to the local natives in 1798 at the invitation of Cornplanter, a local Seneca diplomat. It currently has no permanent population, as virtually all of Elko's territory is now either under the reservoir or within the bounds of Allegany State Park. The absorption of Elko and relocation of former residents in the Reservoir's floodplain (including a 160-acre resettlement area for the Seneca) helped boost the town's population.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Coldspring has a total area of 52.0 square miles (134.7 km2), of which 51.5 square miles (133.3 km2) is land and 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2), or 1.06%, is water.
Adjacent towns and areas
To the north is the town of Napoli. Coldspring shares its western border with the towns of South Valley and Randolph. The east border is formed by the towns of Salamanca and Red House. Corydon Township in McKean County, Pennsylvania, is at the south town line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 751 people, 278 households, and 205 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.6 people per square mile (5.6/km²). There were 371 housing units at an average density of 7.2 per square mile (2.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.27% African American, 1.60% Native American, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.
There were 278 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,063, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $29,479 versus $16,458 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,568. About 10.2% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Coldspring
- Allegany Reservation – A reservation of the Iroquois that cuts across the center of the town, on either side of the Allegheny River. The territory within Coldspring is designated in the Seneca language as jonegano:h or tsyo:nekano:h depending on the transcription system; the name is used along I-86 as the Seneca name for the town of Coldspring, the community of Steamburg, and the Cold Spring Creek.
- Allegheny Reservoir – An artificial lake created by a dam on the Allegheny River.
- Allegany State Park – A section of the park is in the southeast part of the town.
- Coldspring – A hamlet by the Allegheny Reservoir. Mostly abandoned in the construction of Kinzua Dam.
- Price Corners – A hamlet at the junction of County Road 9 and Route 394 by the western town line.
- Quaker Bridge – A hamlet at the junction of NY 280 and modern Allegany State Park Route 3. Abandoned in the construction of Kinzua Dam and mostly underwater.
- Quaker Lake – A lake located south of the hamlet of Coldspring.
- Randolph State Fish Hatchery – A location in the northwest part of the town.
- Sawmill Run – A hamlet partially in the northeastern corner of the town, with the rest in the neighboring Town of Salamanca.
- Steamburg – A hamlet located near the center of the town on NY Route 394 and north of Interstate 86. Steamburg is the major community in the town and the seat of the town government.
- Steamburg Resettlement Area – A location south of Steamburg, within the reservation bounds.
- Underwood Corners – A hamlet on County Road 39, north of Steamburg.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 4, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Coldspring town, Cattaraugus County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.