Coldstream, British Columbia

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Coldstream
The Corporation of the District of Coldstream[1]
Kalamalka Lake and Coldstream
Kalamalka Lake and Coldstream
Coldstream is located in British Columbia
Coldstream
Coldstream
Location of Coldstream in British Columbia
Coordinates: 50°13′12″N 119°14′53″W / 50.22000°N 119.24806°W / 50.22000; -119.24806Coordinates: 50°13′12″N 119°14′53″W / 50.22000°N 119.24806°W / 50.22000; -119.24806
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Regional districtNorth Okanagan
Incorporated1906
Government
 • MayorRuth Hoyte
 • Governing BodyColdstream District council
 • MPMel Arnold (Conservative)
 • MLAHarwinder Sandhu (NDP)
Area
 • Total67.25 km2 (25.97 sq mi)
Elevation
430 m (1,410 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total10,314
 • Density155.6/km2 (403/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-08:00 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-07:00 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Postal code span
Area code(s)250, 778, 236
WebsiteDistrict of Coldstream

Coldstream is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada, located at the northern end of Kalamalka Lake in the Okanagan Valley. Incorporated on December 21, 1906, Coldstream celebrated its centennial in 2006. The municipality is directly southeast of Vernon and is considered part of Greater Vernon. It is a member municipality of, and also the location of the head offices, of the Regional District of North Okanagan.

Coldstream Ranch[edit]

Coldstream is known for the Coldstream Ranch, established in 1863 by Captain Charles Frederick Houghton. He transferred the ranch to Forbes G. and Charles Albert Vernon, who in 1891 sold it to The 7th Earl of Aberdeen (later created, in 1916, The 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair), future Governor General of Canada (1893–1898). The ranch was purchased by its current owners in 1994 and continues to be a working cattle ranch.

Government[edit]

Coldstream is governed by a seven-member council, led by Mayor Jim Garlick. The municipality is represented by member of Parliament Mel Arnold (Okanagan—Shuswap) and member of the Legislative Assembly Eric Foster (Okanagan-Vernon).

Economy[edit]

The Greater Vernon area was once based in forestry and agriculture. However, manufacturing, retail trade and services are now the primary industries. A suburban community known as Middleton Mountain is located in Coldsteam at the north end of Kalamalka Lake.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1921 711—    
1931 867+21.9%
1941 867+0.0%
1951 1,402+61.7%
1956 1,613+15.0%
1961 2,161+34.0%
1966 2,660+23.1%
1971 3,602+35.4%
1976 4,995+38.7%
1981 6,450+29.1%
1986 6,872+6.5%
1991 7,999+16.4%
1996 8,975+12.2%
2001 9,106+1.5%
2006 9,471+4.0%
2011 10,314+8.9%
Sources: Statistics Canada[2]

In the 2021 Canadian census conducted by Statistics Canada, Coldstream had a population of 11,171 living in 4,100 of its 4,341 total private dwellings, a change of 4.9% from its 2016 population of 10,648. With a land area of 66.57 km2 (25.70 sq mi), it had a population density of 167.8/km2 (434.6/sq mi) in 2021.[3]

Ethnicity[edit]

Canada 2006 census Population % of total population
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
Chinese 60 0.6%
South Asian 10 0.1%
Black 0 0%
Filipino 20 0.2%
Latin American 0 0%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
Arab 0 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 15 0.2%
Japanese 60 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 15 0.2%
Total visible minority population 185 2%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations 250 2.7%
Métis 0 0%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 250 2.7%
European 8,905 95.3%
Total population 9,340 100%

Religion[edit]

According to the 2021 census, religious groups in Coldstream included:[6]

Education[edit]

Covered by School District 22 Vernon, Coldstream is home to Coldstream Elementary School, Kidston Elementary School and Kalamalka Secondary School. The municipality is served by the Vernon campus of Okanagan College.

Climate[edit]

Coldstream has a dry – almost semi-arid climate – with hot sunny summers and cool cloudy winters.

Weather facts:

  • Driest year (1952) = 242 mm (10 in)
  • Wettest year (1996) = 633 mm (25 in)
  • Warmest year (1987) = 9.2 °C (49 °F)
  • Coldest year (1916) = 5.0 °C (41 °F)
Climate data for Coldstream
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
13.9
(57.0)
21.0
(69.8)
29.4
(84.9)
34.5
(94.1)
37.0
(98.6)
40.0
(104.0)
37.8
(100.0)
33.9
(93.0)
26.7
(80.1)
18.9
(66.0)
15.0
(59.0)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
1.6
(34.9)
8.4
(47.1)
14.7
(58.5)
19.4
(66.9)
23.1
(73.6)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
20.2
(68.4)
12.1
(53.8)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−5.5
(22.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.0
(35.6)
6.1
(43.0)
9.6
(49.3)
11.6
(52.9)
11.3
(52.3)
7.2
(45.0)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
−6.9
(19.6)
2.1
(35.8)
Record low °C (°F) −35.6
(−32.1)
−36.1
(−33.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−10.6
(12.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
0.0
(32.0)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−38.9
(−38.0)
−38.9
(−38.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.2
(1.58)
34.3
(1.35)
25.8
(1.02)
29.0
(1.14)
46.5
(1.83)
53.9
(2.12)
40.7
(1.60)
42.8
(1.69)
37.3
(1.47)
33.3
(1.31)
48.1
(1.89)
52.4
(2.06)
484.4
(19.07)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.3
(0.29)
12.1
(0.48)
19.7
(0.78)
28.7
(1.13)
46.5
(1.83)
53.9
(2.12)
40.7
(1.60)
42.8
(1.69)
37.3
(1.47)
32.1
(1.26)
25.3
(1.00)
10.0
(0.39)
356.5
(14.04)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 32.9
(13.0)
22.2
(8.7)
6.1
(2.4)
0.4
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.2
(0.5)
22.8
(9.0)
42.4
(16.7)
127.9
(50.4)
Source: Environment Canada[7]

Recreation[edit]

Coldstream is home to Kal Beach, which is located on the shore of Kalamalka Lake. Smaller beaches in the area include Kirkland Beach, Juniper Beach, Tamarack Beach, Long Lake Beach, Jade Bay Beach, Cosens Beach, Pebble Beach, and Cliff Beach. Coldstream borders on Kalamalka Provincial Park, which features numerous groomed hiking trails, scenic views, and natural areas. Wildlife in the park includes black bear, whitetailed deer, rattlesnake, marmot, and other creatures. The Silver Star Mountain Resort, 29 km (18 mi) northeast of Coldstream, offers various options for winter sports.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  2. ^ "Historical Municipal Census Data: 1921–2011". BC Stats. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  3. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), British Columbia". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  4. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. December 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  5. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples – Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  6. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (October 26, 2022). "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved November 9, 2022.
  7. ^ [1]. Environment Canada. Accessed February 15, 2012.

External links[edit]