Cole County, Missouri

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Cole County, Missouri
Cole County MO Courthouse 20140920-1.jpg
Cole County Courthouse in Jefferson City
Map of Missouri highlighting Cole County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded 1820
Seat Jefferson City
Largest city Jefferson City
Area
 • Total 402 sq mi (1,041 km2)
 • Land 394 sq mi (1,020 km2)
 • Water 8.2 sq mi (21 km2), 2.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 76,720
 • Density 193/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.colecounty.org

Cole County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,990.[1] Its county seat is Jefferson City, the state capital.[2] The county was organized November 16, 1820 and named after pioneer Captain Stephen Cole, an Indian fighter and pioneer settler, who built Cole's Fort in Boonville.[3]

Cole County is included in the Jefferson City, MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located south of the Missouri River.

In 2010, the center of population of Missouri was located in Cole County, near the village of Wardsville.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 402 square miles (1,040 km2), of which 394 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 8.2 square miles (21 km2) (2.0%) is water.[5] It is the third-smallest county in Missouri by area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,023
1840 9,286 207.2%
1850 6,696 −27.9%
1860 9,697 44.8%
1870 10,292 6.1%
1880 15,515 50.7%
1890 17,281 11.4%
1900 20,578 19.1%
1910 21,957 6.7%
1920 24,680 12.4%
1930 30,848 25.0%
1940 34,912 13.2%
1950 35,464 1.6%
1960 40,761 14.9%
1970 46,228 13.4%
1980 56,663 22.6%
1990 63,579 12.2%
2000 71,397 12.3%
2010 75,990 6.4%
Est. 2015 76,720 [6] 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 71,397 people, 27,040 households, and 17,927 families residing in the county. The population density was 182 people per square mile (70/km²). There were 28,915 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.06% White, 9.92% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Approximately 1.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.1% were of German, 13.6% American, 7.8% English and 6.9% Irish ancestry.

There were 27,040 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,924, and the median income for a family was $53,416. Males had a median income of $33,769 versus $25,189 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,739. About 5.80% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Missouri Department of Corrections (MDOC) operates the Jefferson City Correctional Center in Jefferson City.[12][13] The current JCCC was opened on September 15, 2004, replacing the Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City.[12]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Post-secondary education[edit]

  • Lincoln University – Jefferson City – A public, four-year historically black university.

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Cole County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Cole County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Chris Estes Republican
Circuit Clerk Dawnel P. Davidson Republican
County Clerk Steve Korsmeyer Republican
Collector Larry Vincent Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Sam Bushman Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Jeff Hoelscher Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Kris Scheperle Republican
Coroner Carl R. Doerhoff Independent
Prosecuting Attorney Mark Richardson Republican
Public Administrator Marilyn Schmutzler Democratic
Recorder Larry D. Rademan Democratic
Sheriff Greg White Republican
Treasurer Eric Peters Republican

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 51.85% 19,099 45.64% 16,810 2.51% 926
2008 49.87% 19,285 48.98% 18,941 1.15% 447
2004 63.13% 23,147 36.08% 13,229 0.80% 292
2000 51.14% 16,673 47.23% 15,397 1.63% 532
1996 33.77% 9,902 63.80% 18,708 2.43% 713

Cole County is divided into five legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, all of which are held by Republicans.

  • District 49 — Travis Fitzwater (R-Holts Summit). Consists of a small unincorporated area of the county just west of the city of Jefferson City.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 49 – Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Travis Fitzwater 442 64.34 -5.57
Democratic Gracia Yancey Backer 245 35.66 +5.57
Missouri House of Representatives — District 49 — Cole County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeanie Riddle 704 69.91
Democratic Pam Murray 303 30.09
  • District 50 — Caleb Jones (R-Columbia). Consists of unincorporated areas in the northwest corner of the county.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 50 — Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Caleb Jones 426 100.00 0.00
Missouri House of Representatives — District 50 — Cole County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Caleb Jones 611 100.00
  • District 59 — Mike Bernskoetter (R-Jefferson City). Consists of the communities of Centertown, Eugene, Lohman, Russellville, St. Martins, Taos, and Wardsville.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 59 — Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Bernskoetter 8,396 88.59 +7.84
Constitution Michael Eberle 1,081 11.41 +11.41
Missouri House of Representatives — District 59 — Cole County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Bernskoetter 12,604 80.75
Democratic Vonnieta Trickey 3,005 19.25
Missouri House of Representatives — District 60 — Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jay Barnes 9,041 100.00 -39.89
Missouri House of Representatives — District 60 — Cole County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jay Barnes 10,674 60.11
Democratic Thomas Minihan 7.084 39.89
  • District 62 — Tom Hurst (R-Meta) Consists of the community of St. Thomas.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 62 — Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Tom Hurst 592 100.00 -25.51
Missouri House of Representatives — District 62 — Cole County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Tom Hurst 765 74.49
Democratic Greg Stratman 262 25.51

Cole County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Mike Kehoe (R-Jefferson City).

Missouri Senate - District 6 – Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Kehoe 17,157 75.64
Democratic Mollie Freebairn 5,526 24.36

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 18,918 51.77
Democratic Claire McCaskill 15,394 42.12
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 2,233 6.11

All of Cole County is included in Missouri's 3rd congressional district and is currently represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-Saint Elizabeth) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Cole County (2014)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 16,401 72.12 +1.77
Democratic Courtney Denton 5,491 24.14 -3.10
Libertarian Steven Hedrick 851 3.74 +1.33
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 3rd Congressional District — Cole County (2012)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 25,576 70.35
Democratic Eric C. Mayer 9,901 27.24
Libertarian Steven Wilson 877 2.41

Political Culture[edit]

Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 66.08% 24,490 32.39% 12.005 1.53% 567
2008 62.79% 24,385 35.95% 13,959 1.26% 490
2004 67.44% 24,752 32.02% 11,753 0.54% 196
2000 61.53% 20,167 36.78% 12,056 1.69% 552
1996 55.01% 16,140 37.00% 10,857 7.99% 2,345

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

  • Former U.S. Senator and current President Barack Obama (D-Illinois) received more votes, a total of 4,642, than any candidate from either party in Cole County during the 2008 presidential primary. Cole County was one of only six counties (including the independent city of St. Louis) that backed Obama in Missouri.
Cole County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 2,982 (28.74%)
Mike Huckabee 3,247 (31.30%)
Mitt Romney 3,729 (35.95%)
Ron Paul 227 (2.19%)
Cole County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 4,089 (45.07%)
Barack Obama 4,642 (51.16%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 264 (2.91%)

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 278. 
  4. ^ "Centers of Population by State:2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b "Jefferson City Correctional Center." Missouri Department of Corrections. May 7, 2006. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  13. ^ "MidMoGIS Mapping Website." City of Jefferson. Retrieved on September 18, 2010.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Cole County, Missouri, General Election". Cole County Clerk. November 7, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Cole County, Missouri, General Election". Cole County Clerk. November 8, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • History of Cole, Moniteau, Morgan, Benton, Miller, Maries and Osage counties, Missouri : from the earliest time to the present, including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business,professional and the private records; besides a valuable fund of notes, original observations, etc. etc. (1889) online

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°31′N 92°17′W / 38.51°N 92.28°W / 38.51; -92.28