Colebrooke, Devon

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Colebrooke
Colebrooke is located in Devon
Colebrooke
Colebrooke
Colebrooke shown within Devon
Population 411 (2001 UK Census)
OS grid reference SS770000
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Devon
50°47′11″N 3°44′47″W / 50.78648°N 3.74627°W / 50.78648; -3.74627Coordinates: 50°47′11″N 3°44′47″W / 50.78648°N 3.74627°W / 50.78648; -3.74627

Colebrooke is a village and parish in Devon, England about 8 km west of Crediton. The main point of interest is the church and the connection to Henry Kingsley's novel The Recollections of Geoffry Hamlyn. Also Uncle Tom Cobley, of the folk song, signed his will at Pascoe House,[citation needed]but is buried 4 miles west at Spreyton. The champion Devon wrestler, Abraham Cann was born and buried here.[1] He won the all comers wrestling crown in London.

Colebrooke is also the site SS7700 of a Roman fort or marching camp, the site of which is just outside the village to the East. Disputed - see below.

Colebrooke gave its name to Colebrook, Connecticut, United States.[2]

Roman road[edit]

There is no mention of a Roman fort at Colebrooke in the NMR, no aerial photographs in the archives and no evidence on the ground. This mention of a fort appears to refer to a square field that used to sit astride a straight run of hedgerows that was mistakenly identified as the course of the Roman road to Exeter in the 1980,s (see 'Devon's Past an Aerial View' by Frances Griffith ISBN 0 86114-833-9). Two of this field's hedgerows have since been removed. The actual course of the road is further North and remains of the agger can be seen in a field some 300m South of Rag Lane and just to the East of Five Acre Copse. This is also clearly visible from aerial views accessible online. The road in fact follows the same line all the way from North Tawton to this point where the route becomes less obvious. A rather straight lane along the ridge of hills to the East of the railway line is suggestive of its line.

Historic estates[edit]

Coplestone[edit]

Arms of Copleston: Argent, a chevron engrailed gules between three leopard's faces azure
Coplestone Cross

The Coplestone (or "Copplestone", "Copleston" etc.) family took its name from the manor of Coplestone in the parish of Colebrooke. Pole (d.1635) states that the earliest record of this family he was able to find was in a deed dated during the reign of King Edward II (1307-1327).[3] The great antiquity of this family thus seems somewhat overstated in the traditional Devon rhyme, dismissed by Hoskins as containing "not a word of truth":[4]

"Crocker, Cruwys and Copplestone,
When The Conqueror came were all at home".

Several junior branches of the Copleston family existed seated at Eggesford, Bowden, Instow Upton Pyne, Kingdon and Woodland.[5] Copleston Cross, the surviving shaft of a late Saxon large 10 foot high granite stone cross, named after the estate of Coplestone, is situated on the main Exeter to Barnstaple road at the junction of the parishes of Colebrooke, Crediton and Down St Mary.[6] Coplestone House was the seat of the Coplestone family from the 13th century to 1659[7] and the surviving Georgian house was rebuilt on a new site in 1787 by its then owner Robert Madge.[8]

Horwell[edit]

Arms of Prye family of Horwell in the parish of Colebrooke, Devon: Ermine, a chevron sable a chief azure fretty or[9]

Horwell was the residence from the 16th century of the Prye (or Pryce[10]) family, one of the old armigerous gentry families of Devon which made a return in the 1620 Heraldic Visitations of Devon.[11] Their armorials were: Ermine, a chevron gules (or sable according to Pole[12]) a chief azure fretty or.[13] According to Risdon (d.1640): "In this family one thing is remarkable that although they have continued many generations yet was it never known to have brought forth a younger brother until this our age, insomuch as the name is nowhere to be heard of but in only this place".[14] The present house known as Horwell Barton has an early 19th century facade.[15]

Church of St Andrew[edit]

In the parish church of St Andrew survive the following monuments:

  • Mural monument to Elizabeth Mills (d. 27 September 1667), daughter of John Mills of Colebrooke. She was buried in Colebrooke Church, where survives her mural monument with Corinthian columns and scrollwork pediment.[6] She was the wife of Sir John Coryton, 1st Baronet (c 1621 - 1680).

External links[edit]

Media related to Colebrooke, Devon at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^  "Cann, Abraham". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  2. ^ Origin of Connecticut town names Archived March 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., State of Connecticut website
  3. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.225; Hoskins, W.G., A New Survey of England: Devon, London, 1959 (first published 1954), p.76, states, without exact source, possibly erroneously, that Pole found the deed dated earlier, in reign of King Henry II (1154-1189)
  4. ^ Hoskins, p.76: "the hackneyed jingle has not a word of truth in it"
  5. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp.224-233, pedigree of Copleston
  6. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.276
  7. ^ Hoskins, p.372
  8. ^ Pevsner, p.277
  9. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.498). Alternatively: Ermine, a chevron gules a chief azure fretty or (per Vivian, (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.631, pedigree of Prye of Horwell)
  10. ^ Risdon, p.96
  11. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.631, pedigree of Prye of Horwell
  12. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791
  13. ^ Vivian, p.631
  14. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.96
  15. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.277