Coleophora lixella

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Coleophora lixella
Coleophora lixella.JPG
Scientific classification
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C. lixella
Binomial name
Coleophora lixella
Zeller, 1849[1]

Coleophora lixella is a moth of the family Coleophoridae. It is found in most of Europe.

A plant of Briza media with mined leaf and a larval case attached
Larva

The wingspan is about 19 mm. Adults have a yellow ground colour with dusky-outlined whitish streaks. They are on wing from July to August.[2] The head is white, the crown yellow tinged. Antennae whitish, basal 2/5 clothed with hairs, basal joint with strong tuft. Forewings with apex falcate ; yellow ; a subcostal streak to before middle, a discal streak from before middle to 2/3, a streak along fold, and several short streaks between veins towards costa posteriorly and termen silvery-white, blackish-edged. Hindwings dark grey.[3]

The larvae feed on Alopecurus pratensis, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Avena pubescens, Briza media, Bromus hordeaceus, Dactylis glomerata, Elymus, Holcus lanatus, Koeleria and Poa annua. Young larvae eat out the ripe fruit of a thyme floret. The emptied and dried floret functions as the first case, in which hibernation takes place. After hibernation, the larva switches to grasses, initially in its original thyme case. Later, a new case is made out of a mined grass leaf. This case is about 11 mm long, two-valved, straw-coloured and has a mouth angle of about 25°. The case is a composite leaf case.[4] Larvae can be found from the end of August to the end of May.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fauna Europaea
  2. ^ UKmoths
  3. ^ Meyrick, E., 1895 A Handbook of British Lepidoptera MacMillan, London pdf This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Keys and description
  4. ^ bladmineerders.nl