Colerain Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

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Colerain Township,
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Historic house in Andrews Bridge
Historic house in Andrews Bridge
Map of Lancaster County highlighting Colerain Township
Map of Lancaster County highlighting Colerain Township
CountryUnited States
 • TypeBoard of Supervisors
 • Total29.02 sq mi (75.16 km2)
 • Land28.35 sq mi (73.43 km2)
 • Water0.67 sq mi (1.73 km2)
 • Total3,635
 • Estimate 
 • Density135.41/sq mi (52.28/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)717
FIPS code42-071-15056

Colerain Township is a township in southeastern Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 3,635 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the Solanco School District.

Colerain Township was organized as a township in 1738. It was settled mainly by the Irish and was named after Coleraine, a seaport town in County Londonderry, Ireland. Records show that Presbyterian Scots and Scotch-Irish also moved into Colerain Township very early into its settlement.


The White Rock Forge Covered Bridge, John Douglass House, and Andrews Bridge Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Notable residents[edit]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 29.4 square miles (76 km2), of which, 28.8 square miles (75 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it (2.07%) is water. Colerain Township covers 19,479 acres (78.83 km2).


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 3,261 people, 964 households, and 840 families residing in the township. The population density was 113.3 people per square mile (43.7/km²). There were 989 housing units at an average density of 34.3/sq mi (13.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.82% White, 0.67% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.92% of the population.

There were 964 households, out of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.8% were non-families. 10.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.38 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the township the population was spread out, with 36.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $47,008, and the median income for a family was $50,545. Males had a median income of $31,917 versus $23,553 for females. The per capita income for the township was $15,626. About 8.4% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20163,839[2]5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^
  4. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.

Coordinates: 39°52′00″N 76°07′35″W / 39.86667°N 76.12639°W / 39.86667; -76.12639