Colfax County, Nebraska

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Colfax County
Colfax County Courthouse in Schuyler
Colfax County Courthouse in Schuyler
Map of Nebraska highlighting Colfax County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°35′N 97°05′W / 41.58°N 97.09°W / 41.58; -97.09
Country United States
State Nebraska
Founded1869
Named forSchuyler Colfax
SeatSchuyler
Largest citySchuyler
Area
 • Total417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land412 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Water4.9 sq mi (13 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2017)
10,585
 • Density25.7/sq mi (9.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.colfaxne.com
Colfax County, Nebraska

Colfax County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,515.[1] Its county seat is Schuyler.[2] The county and its seat are named after US Vice President (1869-1873) Schuyler Colfax.[3]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Colfax County is represented by the prefix 43 (it had the 43rd largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History[edit]

Colfax County was established by the Nebraska legislature in 1869, as part of the division of Platte County into three parts. The new county was named for Schuyler Colfax, then the Vice-President of the United States. The site of Shell Creek Station on the Union Pacific Railroad was chosen as the county seat, and renamed Schuyler also after Colfax.[4] Schuyler was incorporated in 1870, and the county's first courthouse was constructed in 1872.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 417 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 412 square miles (1,070 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (1.2%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,424
18806,588362.6%
189010,45358.7%
190011,2117.3%
191011,6103.6%
192011,6240.1%
193011,434−1.6%
194010,627−7.1%
195010,010−5.8%
19609,595−4.1%
19709,498−1.0%
19809,8904.1%
19909,139−7.6%
200010,44114.2%
201010,5150.7%
Est. 201710,585[8]0.7%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 10,441 people, 3,682 households, and 2,592 families in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 4,088 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.73% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 15.94% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. 26.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.8% were of German and 24.2% Czech ancestry.

There were 3,682 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.31.

The county population contained 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,849, and the median income for a family was $40,936. Males had a median income of $25,656 versus $20,485 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,148. About 7.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Colfax County voters are reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1936 did the county select the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 67.6% 2,171 26.7% 859 5.7% 184
2012 66.8% 2,051 31.6% 969 1.6% 49
2008 63.0% 2,018 35.1% 1,125 1.9% 60
2004 71.3% 2,589 27.3% 990 1.5% 54
2000 70.5% 2,338 26.0% 863 3.4% 114
1996 55.2% 1,954 30.1% 1,065 14.7% 519
1992 46.2% 1,915 24.4% 1,011 29.4% 1,218
1988 59.8% 2,329 39.6% 1,542 0.7% 27
1984 74.7% 2,999 24.4% 981 0.9% 36
1980 73.2% 3,259 20.1% 893 6.8% 302
1976 57.3% 2,364 40.4% 1,666 2.3% 93
1972 71.7% 2,799 28.3% 1,107
1968 64.5% 2,264 26.6% 932 9.0% 315
1964 47.2% 1,972 52.8% 2,207
1960 55.9% 2,504 44.1% 1,975
1956 65.1% 2,843 34.9% 1,526
1952 69.6% 3,332 30.4% 1,458
1948 50.4% 1,928 49.6% 1,897
1944 51.5% 2,314 48.5% 2,178
1940 52.3% 2,587 47.7% 2,361
1936 32.4% 1,644 63.3% 3,210 4.4% 221
1932 13.6% 648 85.3% 4,076 1.2% 55
1928 34.1% 1,432 65.5% 2,746 0.4% 16
1924 39.0% 1,450 34.8% 1,293 26.2% 973
1920 66.3% 1,992 31.9% 957 1.9% 56
1916 34.8% 897 63.1% 1,628 2.1% 54
1912 29.5% 620 47.5% 998 23.0% 482
1908 46.7% 1,159 51.0% 1,267 2.3% 57
1904 53.0% 1,180 34.5% 768 12.5% 277
1900 42.6% 1,033 56.0% 1,357 1.4% 33

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Bain, David Haward (2004). The Old Iron Road: An Epic of Rails, Roads, and the Urge to Go West. New York City NY: Penguin Books. pp. 65–6. ISBN 0-14-303526-6.
  4. ^ Bowman, J. R. (1882). Shearer, Frederick E. (ed.). The Pacific tourist. J.R. Bowman's illustrated transcontinental guide of travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. New York: J.R. Bowman. p. 26. OCLC 752667534. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Colfax County History". www.colfaxne.com. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  6. ^ Griepentrog, Harold. "Schuyler: Colfax County".
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  14. ^ Election Results

Coordinates: 41°35′N 97°05′W / 41.58°N 97.09°W / 41.58; -97.09