Colgate, West Sussex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Colgate
St Saviours Church, Colgate, West Sussex - geograph.org.uk - 27086.jpg
Colgate is located in West Sussex
Colgate
Colgate
Colgate shown within West Sussex
Area 22.44 km2 (8.66 sq mi) [1]
Population 1,119 [1] 2001 Census
1,087 (2011 Census)[2]
• Density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ230328
• London 29 miles (47 km) N
Civil parish
  • Colgate
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HORSHAM
Postcode district RH12
Dialling code 01293
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
51°04′53″N 0°14′39″W / 51.08148°N 0.24428°W / 51.08148; -0.24428Coordinates: 51°04′53″N 0°14′39″W / 51.08148°N 0.24428°W / 51.08148; -0.24428

Colgate is a small village and civil parish in the Horsham district of West Sussex, England, about four miles (6 km) north east of Horsham.

A small village, with its origins at the northern edge of St. Leonards Forest, it has no shops or retail facilities. There is a pub "The Dragon", and a church and a small primary school, which in 2012 received a Good report rating from OFSTED.[3] There is a range of architectural styles in the village, with houses present from several different design eras. In the late twentieth century there have been some small developments of new houses in the centre of the village.[4]

Nearby settlements include villages of a similar size, architectural design, layout, and administrative status in Faygate and Pease Pottage, and the village is located close to the towns of both Horsham and Crawley.

History[edit]

The area is associated with the Wealden iron industry, Col possibly referring to charcoal burners. Many hammer ponds are still visible within the parish. Gate is thought to refer to an entrance to the historically much larger St Leonards Forest.[5] The centre of the village was dominated by the Red Cedar Farm and Colgate House. Over the road to the north was Black Hill wood, part of the traditional St Leonards Forest that no longer exists.

In 1887 the ecclesiastical parish, for which the living benefice was a vicarage of a small Early English style Victorian church was subordinated by the larger civil parish of Horsham and Beeding thanks to the local government reorganization of 1885. There was a population was 485.[a]

Twelve sons of Colgate were killed in the Great War. During the Battle of Britain the village was bombed by the Nazis and four people were killed.[7] And a total of seven sons were killed during the last war. Furthermore, five deaths occurred during the conflict among villagers serving in the Civil Defences that would have included the Home Guard.[b][8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "This work is based on data provided through www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth".[6]
  2. ^ the fictional Warmington-on-Sea invented by the BBC TV was situated in Sussex.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  3. ^ OFSTED reports
  4. ^ The Dragon PH
  5. ^ Wealden history note
  6. ^ GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth, History of Colgate, in Horsham and Sussex | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
  7. ^ Colgate Primary School
  8. ^ Roll of Honour - Colgate

External links[edit]