Colias electo

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Colias electo
African clouded yellow (Colias electo pseudohecate) underside.jpg
C. e. pseudohecate, Ethiopia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Genus: Colias
C. electo
Binomial name
Colias electo
  • Papilio electo Linnaeus, 1763
  • Papilio electra Linnaeus, 1767
  • Papilio palaeno Stoll, 1781
  • Colias aurivillius Keferstein, 1883
  • Colias electo electo f. overlaeti Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo f. millari Stoneham, 1957
  • Colias electo ab. eremna Vári, 1976
  • Colias electo electo f. elysium Kroon, 1985
  • Colias electo electo ab. capensis McLeod and McLeod, 2002
  • Colias electo electo ab. inconstantis McLeod, 2004
  • Colias electo electo ab. memorabilis McLeod, 2004
  • Colias electo electo ab. pallidula McLeod, 2004
  • Colias hecate Strecker, 1900
  • Colias electo hecate f. katangae Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo hecate f. bunda Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo hecate f. elisabethae Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo meneliki f. bafanae Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo philbyi f. bafanae Berger, 1953
  • Colias electo philbyi f. pauper Berger, 1953
  • Colias electo philbyi Berger, 1953
  • Colias electo pseudohecate f. licina Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo pseudohecate f. lecerfi Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo pseudohecate f. splendens Berger, 1940
  • Colias electo pseudohectae ab. dormonti Dufrane, 1947
  • Colias electo f. affricana Stoneham, 1957
  • Colias electo f. ambreana Stoneham, 1957

Colias electo, the African clouded yellow or lucerne butterfly, is a butterfly of the family Pieridae. It is found in eastern and southern Africa, as well as Arabia. The habitat consists of temperate and montane grasslands.[2]

The wingspan is 35–40 millimetres (1.4–1.6 in) for males and 32–40 mm (1.3–1.6 in) for females. Adults are on the wing throughout the year, with a peak from April to August.[3]

The larvae feed on Medicago sativa, Trifolium, Vicia and Robinia pseudoacacia.


  • C. e. electo (South Africa, southern Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia)
  • C. e. hecate Strecker, 1900 (Angola, southern Zaire, northern Zambia and north-western Malawi)
  • C. e. pseudohecate Berger, 1940 (Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, eastern Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, southern Sudan, southern Ethiopia and northern Somalia)
  • C. e. meneliki Berger, 1940 (central and northern Ethiopia and Eritrea)
  • C. e. philbyi Berger, 1953 (southern and western Arabia)
  • C. e. manengoubensis Darge, 1968 (eastern Nigeria, Cameroon)


  1. ^ Colias at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  2. ^ Afrotropical Butterflies: File D – Pierini - Subfamily Coliadinae
  3. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7.