Colin Crowe

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Mr. Crowe, first secretary to the British legation, and Mr. Givon, assistant chief of protocol, attend the presentation of credentials of British min., Hakirya

Sir Colin Tradescant Crowe GCMG (7 September 1913 – 19 July 1989) was a British diplomat who was stationed in Egypt at a critical period, and afterwards was ambassador to Saudi Arabia, high commissioner to Canada and permanent representative at the United Nations.

Career[edit]

Colin Tradescant Crowe was born in Yokohama, Japan, where his father, Edward Crowe (later Sir Edward), also a diplomat, was commercial attaché at the British Embassy. He was educated at Stowe School and Oriel College, Oxford, where he gained a first-class degree in modern history. He then joined the Diplomatic Service and served as in Peking 1936–38 and at Shanghai 1938–40. After postings in Washington, D.C., Paris and Tel Aviv he served again in Peking (Beijing) 1950–53. Chinese 'volunteers' were fighting the Korean War and, although Britain had recognised the People's Republic of China, the communists harassed British diplomats. Crowe's brother-in-law, Antonio Riva, was executed in August 1951 on a charge of conspiring to murder chairman Mao Zedong.

Crowe was appointed as prospective chargé d'affaires in Cairo in 1957. Diplomatic relations had ceased during the Suez crisis and Crowe was unable to proceed to Cairo until 1959.[1] His task was to overcome Egyptian suspicion and the after-effects of the Suez war so as to restore normal relations. He succeeded, and ambassadors were exchanged in 1961.

Universally liked and respected by all with whom he came in contact, he skilfully addressed the problems ... A man of less genuine modesty would have made more of what had been a major diplomatic triumph.

— Obituary, The Times, London, 24 July 1989, page 18

Crowe moved on to be deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York City. In 1963 he was appointed Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, the first since the Suez crisis.[2] After a sabbatical year as supernumerary fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford 1964–65 he served as Chief of Administration, HM Diplomatic Service, 1965–68; High Commissioner to Canada 1968–1970;[3] and Permanent Representative to the United Nations 1970–1973.[4]

Crowe was neither an outstanding UN rhetorician nor an incisive drafter of telegrams and dispatches. His strength lay in the palpable decency of his character and the commonsensical soundness of his judgement. Humorous, patient, and considerate, he got the best out of his staff, who also enjoyed his explosions of fury at pomposity, pretentiousness and time-serving. His foreign interlocutors rapidly became friends whether they agreed or disagreed on policies. There cannot have been many senior Bntish diplomats in this century who were so widely popular and respected in so many different circles.

— Obituary, The Times, London, 24 July 1989, page 18

After retiring from the Diplomatic Service, Sir Colin Crowe was a director of Grindlays Bank 1976–84, chairman of the Council of Cheltenham Ladies College 1974–86, and chairman of the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission 1973–85.

Family[edit]

In 1938, while he was stationed in Peking, Colin Crowe married Bettina Lum, nicknamed Peter, who as the daughter of American missionary Burt Francis Lum and artist Bertha Lum had lived in China since 1922. She became an author and an expert on China. They had no children.

Honours[edit]

Colin Crowe was appointed CMG in 1956, knighted KCMG in the Queen's Birthday Honours of 1963[5] on his appointment to Saudi Arabia, and promoted GCMG in the Queen's Birthday Honours of 1973.[6]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Previous Ambassadors". UK in Egypt: British Embassy in Egypt. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette, 4 June 1963
  3. ^ "Previous High Commissioners". UK in Canada: British High Commission in Canada. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Former Permanent Representatives". UK Mission to the United Nations. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Supplement to the London Gazette, 8 June 1963
  6. ^ Supplement to the London Gazette, 2 June 1973
Diplomatic posts
Vacant
Title last held by
Sir Humphrey Trevelyan
as Ambassador to Egypt
British Chargé d'affaires to the United Arab Republic
1959–1961
Succeeded by
Sir Harold Beeley
as Ambassador to the United Arab Republic
Preceded by
Sir Harold Beeley
Deputy British Permanent Representative to the United Nations
1961–1963
Succeeded by
Sir Roger Jackling
Vacant
Suez Crisis
Title last held by
Sir Roderick Parkes
as Ambassador
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Jedda
1963–1964
Succeeded by
Morgan Man
Preceded by
Sir Henry Lintott
British High Commissioner to Canada
1968–1970
Succeeded by
Sir Peter Hayman
Preceded by
Lord Caradon
British Permanent Representative to the United Nations
1970–1973
Succeeded by
Sir Donald Maitland