Colita

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Colita
Colita3c.jpg
Colita in 2014
Native name Isabel Steva i Hernández
Born (1940-08-24) August 24, 1940 (age 77)
Barcelona
Known for Photography
Movement Gauche Divine
Awards Creu de Sant Jordi (2004)
Website www.colitafotografia.com

Isabel Steva i Hernández, whose pseudonym is Colita (Barcelona, August 24, 1940), is a Spanish photographer. She trained with Xavier Miserachs i Ribalta and Oriol Maspons i Casades, and began her professional career in 1961 as a lab technician and stylist for Miserachs.[1]

Initially, she demonstrated great interest in dance photography—almost always flamenco music—and later she also specialized in portraits and journalistic photography. She has had numerous exhibitions with photographs of Catalan artists and singers from the Nova Cançó era to the present Joan Manuel Serrat, Guillermina Motta or Núria Feliu. She is considered one of the top portrait artists in this genre. She has published many books.[1]

Biography[edit]

Colita is one of the most important Catalan and Spanish photographers of the last quarter of the twentieth century. She began in the world of photography with Oriol Maspons and Xavier Miserachs, for whom she worked as an assistant; in these early years, she was a follower and disciple of Francesc Català Roca and Julio Ubiña. From 1963 to 1975 she focused on creating a series of portraits of Flamenco dancers and singers. Since she is linked with the Catalan cultural movements of the era, she is considered the official photographer of Barcelona's Gauche Divine, a movement of writers, photographers, models, architects, film directors, and many other professionals who began to stand out in that area in their respective fields.[1]

She created a series of projects between 1967 and 1979, at the Escola de Cine [Film School] of Barcelona, with directors such as Cinto Esteva, Vicente Aranda or Jaime Camino, who belonged to a film movement that was born with the idea of creating European, progressive movies in contrast with the official cinematography of the francoist regime. She collaborated in the promotion of the Nova Cançó, making portraits of the singers in the movement, including Joan Manel Serrat.[1]

Colita's work in the press has been published in magazines such as Siglo XX, Destino, Fotogramas, Interviú, Boccaccio, Primera Plana and Mundo Diario.

Throughout her career, Colita has put on more than forty exhibitions and has published some fifty books of photographs. Stylistically, she is closer to the ideas of the Barcelona School, although she is considered an all-purpose photographer. Her work is part of the collections of the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya.[2]

Selected works[edit]

  • Guia secreta de Barcelona (Secret Guide to Barcelona) (1974)
  • Els cementiris de Barcelona (Barcelona's cemeteries) (1982)
  • L'eixample de Barcelona (1982) (Barcelona's Example Neighborhood) in collaboration with Pilar Aymerich i Puig

Important exhibitions[edit]

Prizes and accolades[edit]

  • 1998: Artistic Merit Prize from the Ajuntament de Barcelona[3]
  • 2004: Creu de Sant Jordi (Sant Jordi Cross) from the Generalitat de Catalunya[3]
  • 2013: Premio Nacional de Fotografía Piedad Isla (National Photography Prize of Piedad Isla), awarded by the Diputació de Palencia[4]
  • 2008: Premi FAD Sebastià Gasch d'Arts Parateatrals (Sebastià Gasch FAD Prize for Paratheater Arts)[5]
  • 2009: Premi 1er. de Maig Joan Reventós a la memòria popular (Joan Reventós May 1 Prize for Popular Culture, Fundació Rafael Campalans[6]
  • 2009: Premi a la comunicació no sexista i a la trajectòria periodística (Non-sexist communication and journalist career prizes). Associació de Dones Periodistes de Catalunya (Women Journalists Association of Catalonia)[6]
  • 2011: Premi Internacional Terenci Moix (Terenci Moix International Prize), premi especial del jurat (Special jury prize)[7]
  • 2012: Honoris Causa, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.[8]

Colita Collection[edit]

Her work from 1962 to 2002 is conserved at the Museu de les Arts Escèniques (Museum of Performing Arts) of Barcelona. It contains 900 negatives and contact sheets, approximately 32,000 photographs of shows, portraits of artists and celebrities related to the performing arts, and related events. Her collection is registered and catalogued in an internal data base and is not accessible via the internet.[9]

A part of her collection is also conserved in the l'Arxiu Nacional de Catalunya (Catalan National Archives). The collection comprises the portraits that Colita has made throughout her career as a professional photographer. It is the result of her collaboration with various magazines, of assignments made by the subjects themselves, or simply, for the friendship she shared with them.

Among the great collection of personalities portrayed, we can highlight, among others, those dedicated to musicians and singers. Some of these portraits came out of special assignments. It's also important to point out the photographs taken, mostly in the seventies, of the members of the Barcelona "Gauche Divine" movement. In addition to the portraits, Colita's collection also contains a series of journalistic photographs covering the social movements of the time. For example, the sit-in at Montserrat, the attack against the Enlace bookstore, the self-mutilations of the COPEL (Spanish inmates group), Catalonia's National Day of September 11, 1978, the ceremony and acts arounds Franco's death in Madrid, the burial of the President of the Generalitat de Catalunya, Josep Tarrardellas, and various events of the Socialist Party of Catalonia that took place during the eighties.[2]

Another part of her personal collection is conserved in the Arxiu Fotogràfic de Barcelona (Barcelona Photography Archive). This part of her collection includes Colita's photography from the sixties to the nineties. It contains black and white negatives that represent the Nova Cançó musical movement, color photographs that portray community festivals throughout Catalonia, cultural personalities and celebrities and the evolution of architecture in the city of Barcelona. One of the highlights in this material is a good deal of Colita's photographic production on the world of flamenco.[1]

Finally, a collection of 6,987 photographs that correspond to movies, actors, film shootings, and studio portraits is conserved in the Filmoteca de Catalunya (Catalonia Film Archive), including images from shooting Dante no es unicamente severo (Jacinto Esteva, 1968), Los Tarantos (Francesc Rovira-Beleta, 1963), and Tatuaje (Bigas Luna, 1976). A selection of these images is available in the Filmoteca de Catalunya's digital archive.[10]

Legacy[edit]

In a popular referendum in Palafrugell in March, 2010, Colita was chosen as a woman who deserves to have a street named after her.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Arxiu Històric de la Ciutat (Barcelona) (2007). Barcelona fotografiada: 160 anys de registre i representació. Guia del fons i les col·lecions de l'arxiu fotogràfic de l'Arxiu Històric de la Ciutat de Barcelona. Sílvia Domènech (dir.); Rafel Torrella; Montserrat Ruiz. Barcelona: Ajuntament de Barcelona, Arxiu Municipal de Barcelona/Institut de Cultura de Barcelona. p. 283. ISBN 978-84-9850-029-5. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Colita". Arxiu Nacional de Catalunya. Retrieved June 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ a b Biografia de Colita al web del MAE
  4. ^ "Colita" se alza con el IV Premio Nacional de Fotografía "Piedad Isla" a Diario Palentino, 19/10/2013
  5. ^ "Premis FAD d'honor". Premis FAD. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Colita Honoris Causa". UAB. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  7. ^ "David Grossman, Jean Daniel, Colita y el poeta sirio Adonis, entre los Premios Terenci Moix 2011". Europa Press (in Spanish). 2011-04-14. Retrieved 2/4/2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  8. ^ "La UAB nombrará doctora "honoris causa" a Colita". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2014-03-30. 
  9. ^ Inventari del Fons[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Colita al repositori digital de la Filmoteca de Catalunya
  11. ^ Puig, Evarist (February 2011). Revista de Palafrugell. Palafrugell (núm. 208): 23.  Missing or empty |title= (help); |article= ignored (help)

External links[edit]