Collaborative Care is a healthcare philosophy and movement that has many names, models, and definitions that often includes the provision of mental health, behavioral health and substance use services in primary care. Common derivatives of the name collaborative care include: "Integrated Care", "Primary Care Behavioral Health", "Integrated Primary Care", and "Shared Care".
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) published an overview of many different models and the research that supports them. The key features of Collaborative Care models are:
-Integration of mental health professionals in primary care medical settings
-Close collaboration between mental health and medical/nursing providers
-Focus on treating the whole person and whole family.
There are various national associations committed to collaborative care such as the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association.
- Butler M, Kane RL, McAlpine D, Kathol, RG, Fu SS, Hagedorn H, Wilt TJ. Integration of Mental Health/Substance Abuse and Primary Care No. 173 (Prepared by the Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0009.) AHRQ Publication No. 09-E003. Rockville, MD. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. October 2008.
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