Collaborative governance

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Collaborative governance is a process and a form of governance in which participants (parties, agencies, stakeholders) representing different interests are collectively empowered to make a policy decision or make recommendations to a final decision-maker who will not substantially change consensus recommendations from the group.[citation needed]

In regional development, collaborative governance structures are often used to promote regional thinking and facilitate regional-level cooperation. For example, in Victoria, Australia, 'Regional Management Forums' facilitate collaboration between government departments and local governments in each of Victoria's regions.[1]

Governance can employ different degrees of public consultation and participation,[2] ranging from non-participation (the community is unaware of any decisions taken), informing (telling the community what is planned and to understand problems, alternatives and solutions), consultation (to obtain public feedback on analysis, alternatives and/or decisions), collaboration (to partner with the public to develop alternatives, identify preferred solutions, and make decisions), to empowerment (placing final decision-making into the hands of the public). Collaborative governance is governance with characteristics of both collaboration and empowerment.[citation needed]

Some models of collaborative governance have been criticized as allowing ad hoc deliberation to drown out minority opposition.[3]

Effects on Society[edit]

Collaborative governance is of key significance because the effects of it are lasting. Many governments that have taken on collaborative governance have seen a lasting effect. The results of collaboration are highly unlikely to be reversed within a year, they are said to be able to withstand the test of time. In addition the decisions made using collaborative governance are effective, and can actually be used. Collaboration helps prevent ideas from being made in a vacuum, by this the ideas that are implemented are actually practical which makes them more effective. Citizens that partake in collaborative governance not only see more effective policies but also have a chance to buy into their community. If all have some sort of say you are unlikely to have ideas that only benefit one group of people, as with more buy-in also comes more diversity, this leads to all lives improving within a community.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wear, Andrew (2012). "Collaborative Approaches to Regional Governance – Lessons from Victoria". Australian Journal of Public Administration 71 (4): 469. doi:10.1111/1467-8500.12002. 
  2. ^ Roger Sidaway, 2005. Resolving Environmental Disputes: From Conflict to Consensus. London: Earthscan
  3. ^ Fung, A. (2002), "Collaboration and Countervailing Power: Making Participatory Governance Work" (PDF), Am. Sociol. Assoc., Chicago, Ill., Aug 17, retrieved 2010-06-12 
  4. ^ "What is Collaborative Governance?". NPCC. Policy Consensus Initiative. Retrieved 2015-04-05. 

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