Collagen induction therapy

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Collagen induction therapy
LVN Collagen Induction Therapy AMAskincare.jpg
Nurse performing collagen induction therapy for scar reduction using a microneedle stamping device

Collagen induction therapy (CIT), also known as microneedling RF or skin needling, is a cosmetic procedure that involves repeatedly puncturing the skin with tiny, sterile needles (microneedling the skin). CIT should be separated from other contexts in which microneedling devices are used on the skin, e.g. transdermal drug delivery, vaccination.

It is a technique for which research is ongoing but has been used for a number of skin problems including scarring and acne.[1] Some studies have also shown that, when combined with Minoxidil treatment, microneedling is able to treat hair loss more effectively than Minoxidil treatment alone.[2]

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be combined with collagen induction therapy treatment in a form of dermatologic Autologous_blood_therapy. PRP is derived from the patient's own blood and may contain growth factors that increase collagen production[3]. It can be applied topically to the entire treatment area during and after collagen induction therapy treatments and/or injected intradermally to scars. Efficacy of the combined treatments remains in question pending scientific studies.[4] More serious safety concerns have been cited for these treatments, popularly known as vampire facials, when performed in non-medical settings by people untrained in infection control.[5][6] The New Mexico Department of Health issued a statement that at least one such business offering vampire facials "could potentially spread blood-borne infections such as HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C to clients.”[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cohen, BE; Elbuluk, N (5 November 2015). "Microneedling in skin of color: A review of uses and efficacy". Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 74: 348–55. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2015.09.024. PMID 26549251.
  2. ^ Dhurat R, Sukesh MS, Avhad G, Dandale A, Pal A, Pund P (January–March 2013). "A Randomized Evaluator Blinded Study of Effect of Microneedling in Androgenetic Alopecia: A Pilot Study". Int J Trichology. doi:10.4103/0974-7753.114700. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  3. ^ Abuaf OK, Yildiz H, Baloglu H, Bilgili ME, Simsek HA, Dogan B (December 2016). "Histologic Evidence of New Collagen Formulation Using Platelet Rich Plasma in Skin Rejuvenation: A Prospective Controlled Clinical Study". Ann Dermatol. 28 (6): 718–724. doi:10.5021/ad.2016.28.6.718. PMID 27904271. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  4. ^ Hall, Harriet. "Vampire Facials". Skeptical Inquirer. CSI. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b Jennings, Rebecca (2018-09-14), ""Vampire facials" are massively popular. And — surprise! — potentially dangerous", Vox, retrieved 2019-01-14.
  6. ^ Robertson, Michelle (2018-09-14). "New Mexico officials urge 'vampire facial' spa clients to get HIV tests". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-09-15.

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