Collared sunbird

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Collared sunbird
Collared sunbird (Hedydipna collaris) male.jpg
Collared sunbird (Hedydipna collaris) female.jpg
both Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Nectariniidae
Genus: Hedydipna
Species: H. collaris
Binomial name
Hedydipna collaris
(Vieillot, 1819)

Anthreptes collaris
Anthodiaeta collaris

The collared sunbird, (Hedydipna collaris), is a sunbird. The sunbirds are a group of very small Old World passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Collared sunbird is in fact mainly insectivorous.

A male in a garden grapevine.

Sunbird flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed most of the time.

The collared sunbird is a common breeder across most of sub-Saharan Africa. Two or three eggs are laid in a suspended nest in a tree. It is a seasonal migrant within its range.

Collared sunbirds are tiny, only 9–10 cm long. They have short thin down-curved bills and brush-tipped tubular tongues, both adaptations to nectar feeding.

The adult male has glossy green upperparts and head with a yellow belly and narrow purple breast band. The female is a duller green above and entirely yellow below.

This species is found in forests near water.


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