College English Test
The College English Test (Chinese: 大学四六级英语考试／大学公共英语考试), better known as CET, is a national English as a foreign language test in the People's Republic of China. It examines the English proficiency of undergraduate and postgraduate students in China. It is meant to ensure that Chinese undergraduates and postgraduates reach the required English levels specified in the National College English Teaching Syllabuses (NCETS). This test has existed in China for 26 years and now 18 million people take it annually. It includes two levels — CET4 (非专业四级) and CET6 (非专业六级).
Another kind of national English as a foreign language test is Test for English Majors (Chinese: 高校英语专业考试), better known as TEM. It includes two levels — TEM4 (英语专业四级) and TEM8 (英语专业八级).
College English Test
Generally, College English Test allows all non-English-major university students to attend.
Before 2005 reform
Before the 2005 reform, the maximum score was 100 points. A test score higher than 85 is graded as "Excellent", and a test score higher than 60 but below 85 is graded as "Pass" in the certificate. This test was held nationally twice a year in summer and winter. The CET consisted of the non-English-specialized "Band 4" (CET4), in which certificate-holders have reached the English level of non-English major undergraduate students, and "Band 6" (CET6), in which the certificate-holders have reached the English level of non-English major postgraduates. The test included listening, reading and writing sections. The spoken test was optional.
The CET was reformed in 2005. Several changes were made, including:
- Re-ordered and re-organized sections; more listening and spoken sections; new "Skimming & Scanning" and "Translation" sections;
- New grading system: scores are graded on a curved scale, so that the highest score possible is 710, while the lowest mark is a score of 290(finish all questions but all wrong);
- Passing grades and qualification certificate elimination;
- A more detailed score report on each section;
- Public service elimination: only university students need to take the test.
The CET-4 is mandatory for university students in China who are not English majors. It is also a prerequisite for a bachelor's degree. Many employers in China prefer applicants with CET-4 or even CET-6 certification.
Passing the CET is important for Chinese college students. Graduates may only be able to get a degree or a good job if they can pass the CET with a high score.
While the CET tests reading, writing and listening, it does have a separate test for speaking. The speaking test is held twice a year and only students with a CET Band-4 score higher than 550 or a CET Band-6 higher than 485 are eligible for the test.
Test for English Majors
A similar but more rigorous test, the Test for English Majors (TEM), is mandatory for English majors, and it is generally only for English majors. For these students, passing the TEM-4 is a graduation requirement. The test should be taken by the end of the second academic or sophomore year. TEM-8 ("Band 8") is the highest level for English major students; it should be taken during the end of the last academic or senior year.
If an English-major student fails to pass the TEM-4 during his or her sophomore year, they may attempt to pass the TEM-8 during their senior year. Those failing the TEM-8 are only allowed one re-test (during the following year after they have graduated from college). A second failure results in disqualification lifelong.
Both TEM4 and TEM8 are only two qualifications for any students lifelong.
- CET-4: 4500 words
- CET-6: 6500 words
- TEM-4: 8000 words
- TEM-8: 13000 words
Some Chinese researchers point out the positive social consequences of the CET as it has promoted the role of English teaching and learning at the tertiary level in China over its 20-year history. At the same time, other researchers challenge the CET by pointing out that the test does not assess communicative competence as the teaching syllabus requires. Before the recent reform of the CET, the large proportion of multiple choice questions made this test an efficient one, but possible sacrifices in accurately measuring English language ability remained a concern. Since the CET certificates had been one of the graduation requirements of undergraduates in the majority of Chinese universities for almost 20 years, test-oriented teaching was another severe problem. However, there have been changes made in the CET test content, format, and scoring systems are evidence of the endeavors to bring about positive washback of the test on English teaching and learning in China. It is the expectation of the CET committee that the test can reflect and catch up with the needs of rapid economic reform and the new open-door policy.
Exam score distributions
Answering all questions incorrectly will result in 330, the lowest score a test taker can get in CET4. By contrast, receiving a score higher than 600 is usually regarded as "perfect" and that means the test taker has not only answered most multiple choice questions correctly but received a positive feedback on his performance in the writing section.
- National College Entrance Examination
- English education in China
- Education in the People's Republic of China
- Teaching English as a foreign language
- Public English Test System
- Syllabus for College English Test. Shanghai, China: Shanghai Language Education Press. 2006.
- 英语考试又要改革，四六级还有用吗？详细解答 Retrieved 2016-12-03
- 现有的英语能力考试，你知道都是咋回事吗？ Retrieved 2016-12-03
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- Han,Yang, Dai, L (2004). "Problems with College English Test as". Foreign Languages and Their Teaching. 179: 17–23.
- Zhang, X (2003). "On the negative impact of College English Test Band 4". Educational Science. 19: 35–39.
- Jin, Y (2006). "On the improvement of test validity and test washback: The CET". Foreign Language World. 6: 65–73.
- 大学英语四、六级考试分数解释 Retrieved 2017-8-23