College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists
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|Motto||Working toward a world where every individual with a psychiatric or neurologic disorder has a care team that includes a psychiatric and neurologic pharmacist accountable for optimal medication therapy.|
|Predecessor||Conference of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists|
|Formation||March 24, 1998|
The College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP) is a professional organization representing pharmacists and other healthcare professionals in the specialty areas of psychiatric and neurologic pharmacy practice within the United States. It is the only such organization representing the interests of neuropsychiatric pharmacists in the United States. In an effort to help connect patients with psychiatric pharmacists, CPNP maintains "The Mental Health Pharmacy Directory," an online search engine that includes more than 850 mental health pharmacies. As of December 2015, CPNP is a member of the Coalition on Psychiatric Emergencies (COPE) and is the only professional pharmacy organization represented on the coalition. In January 2017, CPNP was elected to membership status on the Joint Commission of Pharmacy Practitioners (JCPP). CPNP is the only Board of Pharmacy Specialties accredited provider of BCPP (Board Certified Psychiatric Pharmacist) recertification products.
Much of what has been written about the history of CPNP comes from an article in the Encyclopedia of Clinical Pharmacy written by CPNP's second president (1999-2000), Alex A. Cardoni. Although pharmacists had been practicing in psychiatric and neurological practice settings prior to the formation of CPNP, there was no formal professional organization focused on neuropsychiatric pharmacy prior to the formation of CPNP. In October 1994, a group of pharmacists held a meeting in Austin, Texas to discuss and plan the formation of a national professional organization dedicated to neuropsychiatric pharmacy. The resultant Conference of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists was composed of forty neuropsychiatric pharmacists, a special interest group of pharmacists that met at the American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP) Annual Meetings and held a post-continuing education programming conference. Later, in the summer of 1997, a founding set of bylaws and an organizational constitution were drafted. After a call for founding members in 1997, their numbers increased to 116, whom are considered the original, founding members of CPNP. After approving the constitution and bylaws, CPNP was officially founded on March 24, 1998.
The first CPNP Board of Directors was elected and sworn in at CPNP's First Annual Meeting of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists in Orlando, Florida from April 23 to 26, 1998. The elected officers were CPNP President Dr. Gary M. Levin, President-elect Alex Cardoni, Treasurer Dr. James E. Wilson, Secretary Dr. Cherry W. Jackson, and Directors-at-Large Dr. Lawrence J. Cohen, and Dr. Sally K. Guthrie. The new organization was led by its first president, Dr. Gary M. Levin, from 1998-1999.
List of Former and Current CPNP Presidents
|Rex S. Lott||2012-2013|
|Deanna Kelly||2017-2018 |
|Lisa Goldstone||2019-2020 (President)|
|Marshall Cates||2019-2020 (President-elect)|
As of 2016, CPNP had 2057 members, 70% of whom are Board Certified Psychiatric Pharmacists (BCPPs). CPNP members primarily practice in the areas of clinical practice, education and training, drug policy, and research. Half of the membership practices in a hospital setting (a little over half of those members practice in government supported hospitals, such as with the United States Department of Veterans Affairs), with the other half practicing in a diverse number of settings, including private mental health practice (5%), pharmaceutical industry (7%), public mental health (8%), academia (12%), and others (18%, including long-term care, managed care, and primary care). CPNP members encompass a range of professional experience, and 71% are residency or fellowship trained.
Originally, the CPNP general body consisted of three major categories of membership: Active Members, Founding Members, and Corporate Members. Active Members represented the bulk of the organization, whom were pharmacists that paid yearly membership dues. Founding Members represented the original, founding members of CPNP (116 members in total). Corporate Members represented both corporations and members of corporations. Those categories have since changed.
Pharmacy students may start or join student chapters of CPNP at colleges and universities that have pharmacy schools with full-time pharmacy degree programs. Student chapters provide extracurricular activities for members. The structure of CPNP student chapters is similar to the structure of CPNP National's Board of Directors, with some notable differences: the governance of CPNP student chapters is called the "executive board," rather than the "board of directors;" CPNP student chapters lack a "Director-at-Large" office; CPNP student chapters are guided by "Chapter Advisors," whom are faculty members at CPNP student chapter institutions; and CPNP student chapters may incorporate other officer positions (e.g. some chapters have elected a P1 or First Year Liaison, an officer that serves to represent the interests of the student chapter to the "P1," or first year pharmacy student, class at the member institution).
As of April 2017, there are 33 student chapters located at pharmacy schools within the United States. The first CPNP Student Chapter in the United States was at Nova Southeastern University. According to the CPNP website, student chapters are located at the following colleges and universities: Student chapters are often involved with local mental health organizations, such as the National Alliance on Mental Illness. For example, in March 2016, the University of Arizona's CPNP Student Chapter launched its "Stigma Free Campaign" in support of NAMI. The chapter has also participated in the local NAMI Walk in 2016, and has appointed a liaison to NAMI. Ohio Northern University's CPNP Student Chapter claims to host NAMI representatives at their meetings as well.
CPNP members are engaged in research topics of interest to the practice of neuropsychiatric pharmacy. For example, in 2016, the Yale School of Medicine reported that Dr. Douglas Boggs was awarded the Best Original Research Award by CPNP for his work on the motor effects of THC. Pharmacy Times reported CPNP's 2015 recipient of the Best Original Research Award, Dr. Kyle Burghardt, for his article titled, "The Pharmacoepigenetics of Metabolic Syndrome in Schizophrenia." The CPNP Foundation funds the "Defining The Future" Grant Program, which aims to fund research that will help shape and define the future of neuropsychiatric pharmacy practice.
CPNP has been recognized for the development and development of neuropsychiatric resources. In 2015, the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry awarded CPNP with a $5000 grant for the development of community pharmacy guidelines for the management of opioid use disorder, titled, "Opioid Use Disorders: Interventions for Community Pharmacists." The resource is now provided for free on the "SAMHSA-HRSA Center for Integrated Health Solutions" website, a collaboration of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the US Department of Health and Human Services's Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). In 2014, the America Academy of Addiction Psychiatry awarded CPNP a $5000 grant for the development of a training webinar titled, "Putting Naloxone Into Action," aimed at helping pharmacists learn how to develop overdose education and naloxone distribution programs.
CPNP meets annually to discuss topics in neuropsychiatric pharmacy, offer credit for BCPP recertification, and network with colleagues. The first annual meeting was held in Orlando, Florida in 1998.
Lobbying and advocacy
In collaboration with the American Pharmacists Association (APhA), CPNP has lobbied for pharmacist "provider status," a profession-wide political effort aimed at convincing the United States Congress to recognize the profession of pharmacy (pharmacists) as providers in the Social Security Act, Part E, §1861.
CPNP members assist with NAMI’s HelpLine and Medications Mental Health Medications website, as well as staff the “Ask the Pharmacist” booth at NAMI’s annual convention. In 2006, the National Alliance on Mental Illness honored CPNP with its Excellence in Community Mental Health Services Award in recognition of "their outstanding efforts to educate people about the available medications for the treatment of mental illness."
CPNP is involved with educating the public on matters of mental health. Information from CPNP was cited in a 2017 article by CNN about the reality of suicide in the Philippines. CPNP is responsible for producing drug monographs hosted by NAMI, such as the monograph for risperidone.
Mental Health Clinician
|Edited by||Amy M. VandenBerg, Amy Werremeyer|
College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (United States)
|License||Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported|
|ISO 4||Ment. Health Clin.|
The CPNP Perspective
The CPNP Perspective is the official monthly newsletter of CPNP.
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- Miller, Julie (December 18, 2015). "Coalition aims to improve psychiatric emergency care". Institite for the Advancement of Behavioral Healthcare. Behavioral Healthcare Executive. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
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- "CPNP Announces Saklad Memorial Award and Research Award Recipients". Pharmacy Times. Pharmacy Times. May 5, 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Defining The Future Research Grants". CPNP Foundation. CPNP Foundation. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "PCSS Mini Grants". AAAP.org. AAAP. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Tools for Pharmacists to Help Reverse the Opioid Epidemic". California HealthCare Foundation. December 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Overview: Substance Use". integration.samhsa.gov. SAMHSA-HRSA. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
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- "Social Security Act Sec1861". ssa.gov. US Federal Government. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
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- Sison, Gia. "The reality of suicide in the Philippines". cnnphilippines.com. Nine Media Corp. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
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