Collingbourne Ducis

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Collingbourne Ducis
StAndrewsChurchCollingbourneDucis(AndrewSmith)Nov2006.jpg
St.Andrew's parish church
Collingbourne Ducis is located in Wiltshire
Collingbourne Ducis
Collingbourne Ducis
Collingbourne Ducis shown within Wiltshire
Population 957 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU244537
Civil parish
  • Collingbourne Ducis
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Marlborough
Postcode district SN8
Dialling code 01264
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°16′55″N 1°39′07″W / 51.282°N 1.652°W / 51.282; -1.652Coordinates: 51°16′55″N 1°39′07″W / 51.282°N 1.652°W / 51.282; -1.652
Cottages on the A346

Collingbourne Ducis is a village and civil parish on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, about 10 miles (16 km) south of Marlborough. It is one of several villages on the River Bourne which is a seasonal river, usually dry in summer. The parish includes the hamlets of Cadley and Sunton.

History[edit]

From the Domesday Book we know Earl Harold held the manor, and in 1086 a large settlement of 87 households was recorded.[2] In 1256 the village was named Collingbourne Earls after the Lord of the Manor, the Earl of Leicester, who also held neighbouring Everleigh. John of Gaunt inherited the manor, became the Duke of Lancaster, and the village was thus known as Collingbourne Ducis or Dukes.[3]

Sunton House is a Grade II* listed seven-bay house from c. 1710.[4]

The architect C.E. Ponting was born in Collingbourne Ducis in 1850. The restoration of St. Andrew's parish church in 1856 by G.E. Street made a lasting impression on him.

The Bourne Iron Works in the village was established by James Rawlings in the 1860s and made agricultural implements until the outbreak of World War II.

The Swindon, Marlborough and Andover Railway was opened through the Bourne valley in 1882, becoming the Midland and South Western Junction Railway in 1884 and part of the Great Western Railway in 1923. The line passed close to the east of Collingbourne Ducis and Collingbourne station was close to the village centre, south of the Cadley road. The station closed when the line was closed to passengers in 1961, and subsequently the track was removed.[5]

Sunton, and the northern part of Cadley, were transferred to the parish from Collingbourne Kingston in 1934.[3]

In 1974 a Saxon cemetery of archaeological significance was discovered in Cadley, including one bed burial.[6] In 1998 a Saxon settlement was found in Saunders Meadow during the construction of a housing estate.

The Post Office at Collingbourne Ducis was mentioned by Sir Anthony Hopkins' character, Mr. Stevens, in the 1993 film The Remains of the Day.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St Andrew (St Mary's until some time before 1786) is from the early 13th century. Alterations in the 14th century included the addition of the tower, which was rebuilt in the 15th. In 1856 the chancel was narrowed and a vestry added, to designs of G.E. Street; further restoration in 1877 was by Sir Arthur Blomfield.[3][7] The church is a Grade II* listed building.[8]

The parish was united with Everleigh in 1977 after the closure of St Peter's, Everleigh.[3] It forms part of the Savernake team ministry.[9]

A Primitive Methodist chapel was built at Cadley in 1880. The building was sold for residential use in 1988.[10]

Local government[edit]

Collingbourne Ducis is a civil parish with an elected parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Amenities[edit]

Collingbourne Church of England Primary School serves the parish and surrounding area, including Collingbourne Kingston. Its building opened in 2004 at a new site on the northwest outskirts of the village; until then it occupied a National School building dating from 1859, close to the church.[11]

Near the school is a village hall with playing fields. The village has a pub, the Tipple Inn, in an 18th-century building (formerly the Railway Hotel and the Blue Lion).[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Collingbourne Ducis Census Information". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Collingbourne Ducis in the Domesday Book
  3. ^ a b c d Crowley, D.A. (ed.). "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 11 pp108-115 - Collingbourne Ducis". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Sunton House (1285379)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 42–43. ISBN 1904349331. 
  6. ^ "Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire: an Early Saxon cemetery with bed burial". Wessex Archaeology Ltd. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Church of St. Andrew, Collingbourne Ducis". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (1035950)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  9. ^ "St. Andrew's Church, Collingbourne Ducis & Everleigh". Savenake Team. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "Cadley Primitive Methodist Chapel". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "Collingbourne C. of E. Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  12. ^ Historic England. "Blue Lion Inn (1364578)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]