Collon

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Collon
Collann
Village
The Foster homestead at Collon
The Foster homestead at Collon
Collon is located in Ireland
Collon
Collon
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°46′43″N 6°28′52″W / 53.77870°N 6.48116°W / 53.77870; -6.48116Coordinates: 53°46′43″N 6°28′52″W / 53.77870°N 6.48116°W / 53.77870; -6.48116
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Louth
Area
 • Total17.69 km2 (6.83 sq mi)
Elevation
128 m (420 ft)
Population
 (2016)[2]
896
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Irish Grid ReferenceO001820

Collon (Irish: Collann)[3] is a village and townland in the south west corner of County Louth, Ireland, on the N2 national primary road. The village is home to the Cistercian Abbey of New Mellifont, and to Collon House, ancestral home of the Foster family.

History of Collon[edit]

The Church of Ireland parish church at the lower end was built in 1810 to a design by Daniel Augustus Beaufort who was the rector between 1789 and 1821. There is a memorial in the graveyard at the front of the church to men of the parish who died during the 1914–18 Great War, inscribed on the front is the name of Lt. James Emerson V.C. who was born in the village. The church has been described as "dramatic and atmospheric" and hosted the 2008 Ardee Baroque Festival.[4]

The Foster family, who came to Ireland from Cumberland in the seventeenth century, were for several generations the dominant influence in Dunleer, which they represented in the Irish House of Commons. Collon House, the family seat was built about 1740 by Antony Foster, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, and extended in the 1770s by his son John Foster, 1st Baron Oriel, the celebrated "Speaker Foster".

John Foster was both a politician and businessman who encouraged the growth of the linen industry in Collon by facilitating the construction of mills which employed Protestant weavers who settled in the area.[5] The freestanding red brick chimney that remains standing today, dates back to the 1860 linen mill located on the west side of School Lane, Collon (Coordinates – 300184, 281694).[6] South of Collon, where the linen factory was located, was known as the Bleach Green. Employees carried out spinning and weaving, where often at times the bleaching of linen could take up to forty acres.[7] The Collon linen industry was continued by the De La Hoyde family post John Foster. They developed three corn mills alongside the River Mattock which were a big enough success to export oatmeal across the channel to England.[8]

In the 1840, Collon was described as “a remarkably neat” town and credit was given to its proprietors the Fosters.[9] The town consisted of a market-house that improvements were made to by the Fosters during the end of the 18th century and into the 19th century. It was common at the time for landlords to invest into urban projects and improvements such as these market-houses and expect in return tenants would make their improvements to their own properties, this allowed for Collon to grow more attractive to new tenants.

The Foster family were political, therefore the market-house was used to register land tenants to vote in the parliamentary elections.[9] John Foster had reliable tenants who would vote due to the convenience of the Collin market-house, which put him at an advantage over other political candidates.

At one point there was a Russian language school in the village, which was founded by White Russian emigres, Nicholas Couris and his wife. It is rumoured that the British spies Philby, Burgess and Maclean visited the school as part of their Russian language training.[citation needed]

Collon is home to an animal sanctuary where animals are homed until suitable accommodation is found.[citation needed]

The village is home to three longstanding public houses; Matthews Bar (est. 1896), Watters Bar (est. 1954) & Donegans Pub.[citation needed]

Sport[edit]

Mattock Rangers, a local GAA club, were Louth Senior Football Champions in 2002, 2004, 2009 and 2010.

In 2015 Mattock, amalgamated with Hunterstown Rovers and Glen Emmets, won the under 21 county championship by defeating Noaimh Finbarrs/O'Connells on a scoreline of 0–15 to 0-06.[10] In 2019, the club won the Leinster Intermediate Club Football Championship.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Collon Map, Louth, Ireland".
  2. ^ "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Collon". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. April 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Collann / Collon". logainm.ie. Irish Placenames Commission. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  4. ^ Irish Ties, 20 October 2008, page14, article by Eileen Battersby
  5. ^ Louth County Council. "Rental and Accounts of the Collon Estate, 1779 - 1782" (PDF). Louth County Archives Service. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  6. ^ National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. "School Lane, COLLON, Collon, LOUTH". National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  7. ^ Duchas.ie. "Collon and its Neighbourhood". The School's Collection. 0677: 01–11. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  8. ^ Duchas.ie. "Collon and its Neighbourhood". The School's Collection. 0677: 01–011. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  9. ^ a b Geraghty, P. J. (1995). "Urban Improvement and the Erection of Municipal Buildings in County Louth during the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries" (PDF). Journal of the County Louth Archaeological and Historical Society. 23 (3): 302–304. doi:10.2307/27729775. JSTOR 27729775. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  10. ^ "Mattock Rangers/Hunterstown Rovers/Glen Emmets combination clinch Louth U-21 title | Talk of the Town". Archived from the original on 8 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Mattock Rangers defeat Kilkenny kingpins in Leinster final". Irish Examiner. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2019.

External links[edit]