Colm Tóibín

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Colm Tóibín
Colm toibin 2006.jpg
Tóibín at the 2006 Texas Book Festival
Chancellor of the University of Liverpool
Assumed office
2 February 2017
Personal details
Born (1955-05-30) 30 May 1955 (age 67)
Enniscorthy, County Wexford, Ireland
Alma materUCD
Occupation
  • Journalist
  • essayist
  • novelist
  • short story writer
Websitecolmtoibin.com
Writing career
LanguageEnglish (Hiberno-English)
GenreEssay, Novel, Short Story, Play, Poem
SubjectIrish society, living abroad, creativity, personal identity
Notable works
Notable awardsEncore Award
1993
Los Angeles Times Book Prize for Fiction
2004
International Dublin Literary Award
2006
Irish PEN Award
2011
Hawthornden Prize
2015
Lifetime Achievement Award in Irish Literature
2019
David Cohen Prize
2021
Folio Prize
2022

Colm Tóibín FRSL (Irish: [ˈkɔl̪ˠəmˠ t̪ˠoːˈbʲiːnʲ], approximately KUL-əm toh-BEEN;[1] born 30 May 1955) is an Irish novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist, critic, playwright and poet.[2][3]

His first novel, The South, was published in 1990, though he later disowned it. The Blackwater Lightship was shortlisted for the Booker Prize. The Master (a fictionalised version of the inner life of Henry James) was also shortlisted for the Booker Prize and won the 2006 International Dublin Literary Award, securing for Toíbín a bounty of thousands of euro as it is one of the richest literary awards in the world. Nora Webster won the Hawthornden Prize, whilst The Magician (a fictionalised version of the life of Thomas Mann) won the Folio Prize. His fellow artists elected him to Aosdána and he won the biennial "UK and Ireland Nobel"[4] David Cohen Prize in 2021.

He succeeded Martin Amis as professor of creative writing at the University of Manchester. He was appointed Chancellor of the University of Liverpool in 2017. He is now Irene and Sidney B. Silverman Professor of the Humanities at Columbia University in Manhattan.

Early years[edit]

Tóibín was born in 1955 in Enniscorthy, County Wexford, in the southeast of Ireland.[1] He was reared in Parnell Avenue.[5] His parents were Bríd and Michael Tóibín.[6] He is one of the two youngest children in his family, alongside his brother Niall.[1] His grandfather, Patrick Tobin, participated in the Easter Rising in April 1916, and was subsequently interned at Frongoch in Wales, while an uncle was involved in the IRB during the Irish Civil War.[1] Following the foundation of the Irish Free State in 1922, Tóibín's family favoured the Fianna Fáil political party.[1]

Tóibín grew up in a home where there was, he said, "a great deal of silence".[7] Unable to read until the age of nine, he also developed a stammer.[8] When he was eight years of age, in 1963, his father became ill and his mother – sending her two youngest children to stay with an aunt in County Kildare – abandoned them for three months, so that she could escort their father to Dublin, where he could be cared for.[1] Tóibín traces the stammer he developed to this time – a stammer which would often leave him unable to speak his own name, and which he retained throughout his life.[1] Tóibín's father – who worked as a schoolteacher – died in 1967, when his son was twelve years of age.[1]

Tóibín received his secondary education at St Peter's College, Wexford, where he was a boarder between 1970 and 1972. He later spoke of finding some of the priests attractive.[9] He was also an altar boy in his youth.[10]

Tóibín went to University College Dublin (UCD), first attending history and English lectures there in 1972,[1] before graduating in 1975. He thought about becoming a civil servant but decided against this.[1] Instead, he left Ireland for Barcelona in 1975, later commenting: "I arrive the 24th of September, 1975. Franco dies 20th November".[1] The city would later feature in some of Tóibín's early work: his first novel, 1990's The South, has two characters meeting in Barcelona.[1] His 1990 non-fiction work Homage to Barcelona also references the city in its title.

Tóibín left Barcelona in 1978 and came back to Ireland.[1] He began writing for In Dublin.[1] Tóibín became editor of the monthly news magazine Magill[5] in 1982, and remained in the position until 1985. He left due to a dispute with Vincent Browne, Magill's managing director. In 1997, when The New Yorker asked Tóibín to write about Seamus Heaney becoming President of Ireland, Tóibín noted that Heaney's popularity could survive the "kiss of death" of an endorsement by Conor Cruise O'Brien. The New Yorker telephoned Conor Cruise O'Brien to confirm that this was so, but Cruise O'Brien disagreed and the statement could not be corroborated.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Tóibín identifies as gay.[12] Since c. 2012, Tóibín has been in a relationship with a man who lives in Los Angeles, and whose name he prefers not to disclose.[13] He has served as a curator of exhibits for the Manhattan-based Morgan Library & Museum.[1] He has judged both the Griffin Poetry Prize and the Giller Prize.[14] Tóibín does not watch television, and his awareness of British parliamentary politics can be summed up by his admission that he thought Ed Balls was a nickname for the then Labour Party leader Ed Miliband.[15] He is interested in tennis and plays the game for leisure; upon meeting Roger Federer, Tóibín enquired as to his opinion on the second serve.[1]

As of 2008, he had family in Enniscorthy, including two sisters (Barbara, Nuala) and a brother (Brendan).[5]

Tóibín lives in Southside Dublin City's Upper Pembroke Street, where on occasions his friends — such as playwright Tom Murphy and former Gate Theatre director Michael Colgan — assembled for social interaction and entertainment.[16][17] Tóibín poured his thousands of euro in prize money from his 2006 International Dublin Literary Award into building a house near Blackwater, County Wexford, where he holidayed as child.[1] He filled this house with artworks and expensive furniture and has someone in to keep it clean it for him.[1] He also possesses a personal key to the private gated park at Dublin's Fitzwilliam Square, which is shut to ordinary members of the public.[1]

In 2019, Tóibín spoke about having survived testicular cancer which spread to multiple organs including a lung, liver and lymph node.[18][19]

Influences[edit]

Henry James, he is especially fond of The Portrait of a Lady, The Wings of the Dove, The Ambassadors, and The Golden Bowl.[1]

Thomas Mann, he is especially fond of Buddenbrooks — which he first read in his late teens — and has also read The Magic Mountain, Doctor Faustus and the novella Death in Venice.[1]

Tóibin's non-fiction was influenced by Joan Didion and Norman Mailer.[1] He said decades after the publication of his debut novel (The South), "If you look at it, you see that the sentence structure is more or less taken from Didion", and expressed reservations about its quality.[1]

In July 1972, aged 17, he had a summer job as a barman in the Grand Hotel in Tramore, County Waterford, working from six in the evening to two in the morning. He spent his days on the beach, reading The Essential Hemingway, the copy of which he still professes to have, its "pages stained with seawater". The book developed in him a fascination with Spain, led to a wish to visit that country, and gave him "an idea of prose as something glamorous, smart and shaped, and the idea of character in fiction as something oddly mysterious, worthy of sympathy and admiration, but also elusive. And more than anything, the sheer pleasure of the sentences and their rhythms, and the amount of emotion living in what was not said, what was between the words and the sentences."[20]

Eavan Boland introduced him to the poetry of Louise Glück while Boland and Tóibín were at Stanford together in the 2000s.[21] Tóibín stated in 2017 that "there are a few books of mine that I have written since then that I don't think I could have written had it not been for that encounter".[21] When Glück was awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature, Tóibin immediately wrote an article in praise of her and had it published.[22]

Writing[edit]

Tóibín has said his writing comes out of silence. He does not favour story and does not view himself as storyteller. He has said, "Ending a novel is almost like putting a child to sleep – it can't be done abruptly."[3] When working on a first draft he covers only the right-hand side of the page; later he carries out some rewriting on the left-hand side of the page. He keeps a word processor in another room on which to transfer writing at a later time.[23]

He writes in great discomfort, saying in 2017: "When you're writing, you should be bent over, and you need to be in pain and your shoulders should be bent — you need to be pulling things up from within yourself. You can't be too comfortable".[21]

His 1990 novel The South was followed by The Heather Blazing (1992), The Story of the Night (1996) and The Blackwater Lightship (1999). His fifth novel, The Master (2004), is a fictional account of part of the inner life of Henry James. U.S. writer Cynthia Ozick said his "rendering of the first hints, or sensations, of the tales as they form in James's thoughts is itself an instance of writer's wizardry".[1] 2012 brought the publication of The Testament of Mary. In 2014, he released his first full-length novel since Brooklyn (2009), a portrait of a recently widowed mother of four in Wexford struggling through a period of grief, entitled Nora Webster.[3]

Tóibín has written two short story collections. His first, Mothers and Sons, which — as the name suggests — explores the relationship between mothers and their sons, was published in 2006, and was reviewed favourably (including by Pico Iyer in The New York Times). His second, broader collection, titled The Empty Family, was published in 2010.[24] It was shortlisted for the 2011 Frank O'Connor International Short Story Award.[25]

Tóibín has written many non-fiction books, including Bad Blood: A Walk Along the Irish Border (1994), (reprinted from the 1987 original edition) and The Sign of the Cross: Travels in Catholic Europe (1994). He has written for the London Review of Books, The New York Review of Books and The Dublin Review, amongst other publications. Asked in 2021, how many articles he had written, Tóibín was uncertain: "I suppose thousands might be accurate".[1] His article writing also contributed to his reputation as a literary critic: he edited a book on Paul Durcan, The Kilfenora Teaboy (1997), and The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction (1999); and wrote The Modern Library: The 200 Best Novels in English since 1950 (1999), with Carmen Callil. He wrote a collection of essays, Love in a Dark Time: Gay Lives from Wilde to Almodóvar (2002), and a study on Lady Gregory, Lady Gregory's Toothbrush (2002). In his 2012 essay collection New Ways to Kill Your Mother: Writers and Their Families he studies the biographies of James Baldwin, J. M. Synge, and W. B. Yeats, amongst others.[26] In 2015, he released On Elizabeth Bishop, a critical study which made The Guardian's Best Books of 2015 list twice.[27] In June 2016, Tóibín visited Israel, as part of a project by the "Breaking the Silence" organization, to write an article for a book on the Israeli occupation, to mark the 50th anniversary of the Six-Day War.[28][29] The book was edited by Michael Chabon and Ayelet Waldman, and was published in June 2017 under the title Kingdom of Olives and Ash: Writers Confront the Occupation.[30]

Tóibín's play, Beauty in a Broken Place, was staged in Dublin in August 2004. He first wrote poetry while attending secondary school in Wexford.[1] In 2011, The Times Literary Supplement published his poem "Cush Gap, 2007".[2] The December 2021 issue of The New York Review of Books included his poem "Father & Son",[31] which may be autobiographical (as the description of the son's developing stammer in the second stanza—particularly on hard consonants—is similar to Tóibín's description of his own stammer).[32]

His personal notes and work books are deposited at the National Library of Ireland.[33]

Lecturing[edit]

Tóibín has been visiting professor at Stanford University,[5] The University of Texas at Austin[5] and Princeton University. He has also lectured at several other universities, including Middlebury College, Boston College,[5] New York University,[5] Loyola University Maryland, and The College of the Holy Cross. In 2017 he lectured in Athens, Georgia as the University of Georgia Chair for Global Understanding.[34] He was a professor of creative writing at the University of Manchester, succeeding Martin Amis in that post,[35] and currently teaches at Columbia University.

Commenting on the absence of gay students from his lectures, Tóibín said: "Whatever aura I have, it’s not as a gay guru—I'm not Edmund White. 'My mother's reading your book'—I get that a lot".[1]

In 2015, ahead of a referendum on marriage in Ireland, Tóibín delivered a talk titled "The Embrace of Love: Being Gay in Ireland Now" in Trinity Hall, featuring Roger Casement's diaries, the work of Oscar Wilde, John Broderick and Kate O'Brien, and Senator David Norris's 1980s High Court battles.[36]

He was appointed Chancellor of the University of Liverpool in 2017.[37]

Publishing imprint[edit]

Tóibín jointly runs the Dublin-based publishing imprint, Tuskar Rock Press, with his agent Peter Straus.[1]

Themes[edit]

Tóibín's work explores a number of main themes: the depiction of Irish society, living in exile, the legacy of Catholicism, the process of creativity, and the preservation of a personal identity, masculinity, fatherhood and homosexual identity, and on personal identity when confronted by loss. The "Wexford" novels (The Heather Blazing and The Blackwater Lightship) use Enniscorthy, the town of Tóibín's birth, as narrative material, together with the history of Ireland and the death of his father. An autobiographical account and reflection on this episode can be found in the non-fiction book, The Sign of the Cross. In 2009, he published Brooklyn, a tale of a woman emigrating to Brooklyn from Enniscorthy; characters from that novel also appear in Nora Webster, in which the young character of Donal seems to have been part-based on Colm's own childhood. Two other novels, The Story of the Night and The Master, revolve around characters who have to deal with a homosexual identity and take place outside Ireland for the most part, with a character having to cope with living abroad. His first novel, The South, seems to have ingredients of both lines of work. It can be read together with The Heather Blazing as a diptych of Protestant and Catholic heritages in County Wexford, or it can be grouped with the "living abroad" novels. A third topic that links The South and The Heather Blazing is that of creation, of painting in the first case and of the careful wording of a judge's verdict in the second. This third thematic line culminated in The Master, a study on identity, preceded by a non-fiction book on the same subject, Love in a Dark Time. The book of short stories Mothers and Sons deals with family themes, both in Ireland and Catalonia, and homosexuality. As described by The New Yorker in 2021, his characters are "careful in conversation, each utterance fraught with importance... [his] novels typically depict an unfinished battle between those who know what they feel and those who don't, between those who have found a taut peace within themselves and those who remain unsettled. His prose relies on economical gestures and moments of listening, and is largely shorn of metaphor and explanation".[1]

Tóibín has written gay sex into several novels, and Brooklyn contains a heterosexual sex scene in which the heroine loses her virginity.[38]

Bernard Schwartz informed Tóibin after The Magician was published that eight of his novels feature "someone tak[ing] a swim in cold water and hesitat[ing] before they go in" – Thomas Mann, the protagonist in The Magician, is sent swimming in the Baltic Sea.[1] Tóibín had not previously noticed this.[1]

Awards and honours[edit]

Tóibín's fellow artists elected him to Aosdána, which is supported by the Arts Council.[39]

Arts Council director Mary Cloake called Tóibín "a champion of minorities" as he collected the 2011 Irish PEN Award.[40]

In 2017, Tóibin objected to the wording of an Arts Council letter, which was attempting to regulate artists and force them to produce a constant supply of work if they wanted to be paid a basic income (which would also be withdrawn if they were "temporarily incapacitated due to ill-health").[41] Tóibín wrote: "The first problem with this, as I'm sure you will agree, is that the phrase 'working artists engaged in productive practice' sounds oddly North Korean, or is like a phrase that could have been used by Stalin about recalcitrant farmers in the Soviet Union."[41] Tóibín noted that W. B. Yeats had heart disease which incapacitated him in later life, yet days before his death, he wrote his poem "Cuchulain Comforted", which Tóibín called "one of the greatest poems in the English language."[41] Tóibín also enquired of the Arts Council: "In the case of James Joyce, who 'produced' nothing between 1922 and 1939, what would you have done?"[41] He referred to his personal experience with another writer: "I draw your attention to the fact that John McGahern published no novel between 1979 and 1990. I know, because I was in regular touch with him during some of those years, how much he struggled, but he 'produced' no novel... would you really have sent 'auditors' down to Leitrim to do 'a sample audit' of what he was doing?"[41]

In 2011, John Naughton, of The Observer, included Tóibín in his list of Britain's three hundred "public figures leading our cultural discourse" — despite Tóibín being Irish.[a]

Selected bibliography[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • The South, Serpent's Tail, 1990, ISBN 978-0-330-32333-8
  • The Heather Blazing, Picador, 1992, ISBN 978-0-330-32125-9
  • The Story of the Night, Picador, 1996, ISBN 978-0-330-34017-5
  • The Blackwater Lightship, McClelland and Stewart, 1999, ISBN 978-0-7710-8561-1
  • The Master, Picador, 2004, ISBN 978-0-330-48565-4
  • Brooklyn, Dublin: Tuskar Rock Press, 2009, ISBN 978-3-446-23566-3
  • The Testament of Mary, Viking, 2012, ISBN 978-1451688382
  • Nora Webster, Scribner, 2014, ISBN 978-1439138335
  • House of Names, Scribner, 2017, ISBN 978-1501140211
  • The Magician, Viking, 2021, ISBN 9780241004616

Short fiction[edit]

Collections
Stories[b]
Title Year First published Reprinted/collected Notes
"Barcelona, 1975" 2005 The Dublin Review[62] On the first orgy that Toibín attended at the age of twenty, at the house of an older painter. "The story is entirely real", Tóibín later said.[1]
"One Minus One" 2007 Tóibín, Colm (30 April 2007). "One Minus One". The New Yorker. Vol. 91, no. 5. pp. 78–83. About the death of his mother[1]
"Sleep" 2015 Tóibín, Colm (23 March 2015). "Sleep". The New Yorker. Vol. 91, no. 5. pp. 78–83.
"Summer of '38" 2013 Tóibín, Colm (4 March 2013). "Summer of '38". The New Yorker. Vol. 89, no. 3. pp. 58–65.

Non-fiction[edit]

Book reviews[edit]

Year Review article Work(s) reviewed
2018 Tóibín, Colm (22 February 2018). "The heart of Conrad". The New York Review of Books. 65 (3): 8–11. Jasanoff, Maya. The dawn watch : Joseph Conrad in a global world. Penguin.

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This loose list quickly became somewhat discredited on account of numerous flagrant inaccuracies and anomalous inclusions (it even included Alan Rusbridger, the then editor-in-chief of The Observer's sister title), and a correction was printed the following Sunday, noting that several of those included "would not claim to be British" (most notably Seamus Heaney and Tóibín), correcting misspelled, and even incorrect, names - e.g. "Andrew (not Anthony)", "David (not Derek)" -, while one inclusion was discovered in the course of that week to have been dead since 1995. See: Naughton, John (8 May 2011). "Britain's top 300 intellectuals". The Observer.
  2. ^ Short stories unless otherwise noted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Max, D. T. (20 September 2021). "How Colm Tóibín Burrowed Inside Thomas Mann's Head". The New Yorker.
  2. ^ a b "Toibin tries his hand at poetry . . ". Irish Independent. Dublin. 18 June 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Barnett, Laura (19 February 2013). "Colm Tóibín, novelist – portrait of the artist". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  4. ^ Doyle, Martin (26 November 2019). "Edna O'Brien wins the 'UK and Ireland Nobel award' for lifetime achievement: Country Girls author receives £40,000 David Cohen prize which is seen as Nobel precursor". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Author Toibín receives honorary degree in Ulster". Enniscorthy Guardian. 3 July 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  6. ^ Salter, Jessica (27 February 2012). "The World of Colm Tóibín". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  7. ^ Tóibín, Colm (17 February 2012). "Colm Tóibín: writers and their families". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Colm Toibin: By the Book". The New York Times. New York. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Austen was a woeful speller . . ". Irish Independent. 30 October 2010. Although not abused by priests in the Wexford school he attended, he positively fancied some of them. 'Aged 15 or 16', he tells interviewer Susanna Rustin, 'I found some of the priests sexually attractive, they had a way about them... a sexual allure which is a difficult thing to talk about because it's usually meant to be the opposite way round'.
  10. ^ Witchel, Alex (3 May 2009). "His Irish Diaspora". The New York Times. New York. Archived from the original on 16 July 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  11. ^ Foster, R. F. (February 2009). "The Cruiser". Standpoint. Archived from the original on 23 November 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  12. ^ Kaplan, James (6 June 2004). "A Subtle Play of Relations Reveals Henry James in Full". The Observer. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  13. ^ Brockes, Emma (30 March 2018). "Colm Tóibín: 'There's a certain amount of glee at the sheer foolishness of Brexit'". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Griffin Poetry Prize jury includes Colm Tóibin". Toronto Star. Canada. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  15. ^ "Colm Tóibín on the allure of the breakfast fry-up". Dublin: RTÉ. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  16. ^ Anderson, Nicola (13 June 2005). "Playwright didn't curry favour in row at party". Irish Independent. Dublin. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Beware when the enemy's at the Gate". Dublin: Independent.ie. 12 June 2005.
  18. ^ "Colm Toibin discusses his battle with testicular cancer". Wexford: South East Radio. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019. Mr Toibin has had ongoing treatment for the cancer which also showed up in his lung and liver.
  19. ^ "Famed Irish writer Colm Toibin tells of secret cancer battle". New York: IrishCentral. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019. A week later the phone rang and I was told that I had a cancer of the testicles that had spread to a lymph node and to one lung.
  20. ^ "The best holiday reads: Colm Tóibín". The Guardian. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
  21. ^ a b c d Nolan, Dan; Crawford, Kevin (16 November 2017). "On the Record: Colm Tóibín". Kenyon Collegian. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  22. ^ Tóibín, Colm (9 October 2020). "Louise Glück: Colm Tóibín on a brave and truthful Nobel winner". The Guardian.
  23. ^ Tóibín, Colm (13 July 2007). "Writers' rooms: Colm Tóibín". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  24. ^ "The Empty Family Stories". Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  25. ^ a b Cullen, Conor (12 July 2011). "Tóibín in line for major prize". Enniscorthy Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  26. ^ Hadley, Tessa (22 February 2012). "New Ways to Kill Your Mother by Colm Tóibín – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  27. ^ Tóibín, Colm (22 March 2015). On Elizabeth Bishop Colm Tóibín. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691154114. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  28. ^ Laub, Karin (18 July 2016). "50 Years of Israeli Occupation, Told Through the Eyes of an Author: Irish author Colm Toibin toured the West Bank last week to collect material for his contribution to a 2017 anthology". Haaretz.
  29. ^ Cain, Sian (22 February 2016). "Leading authors to write about visiting Israel and the occupied territories". The Guardian.
  30. ^ "Kingdom of Olives and Ash Writers Confront the Occupation By Michael Chabon, Ayelet Waldman". Retrieved 18 August 2022.
  31. ^ Tóibín, Colm (2 December 2021). "Father & Son". The New York Review of Books. New York. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  32. ^ "Colm Toibin: By the Book". The New York Times. New York. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  33. ^ Telford, Lyndsey (21 December 2011). "Seamus Heaney declutters home and donates personal notes to National Library". Irish Independent. Dublin. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012.
  34. ^ Butschek, H. (2017). "Author of 'Brooklyn' coming for 3 days of events in Athens". Online Athens.
  35. ^ a b Walsh, Caroline (4 February 2011). "Colm Tóibín wins Irish Pen award". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  36. ^ Blake Knox, Kirsty (15 May 2015). "'Gay people have a right to ritualise and copper-fasten their love' - Tóibín". Irish Independent. Dublin.
  37. ^ Kean, Danuta (2 February 2017). "Colm Tóibín appointed chancellor of Liverpool University". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  38. ^ Rustin, Susanna (16 October 2010). "Let's not talk about sex — why passion is waning in British books". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2010.
  39. ^ "Colm Tóibín".
  40. ^ Boland, Rosita (12 February 2011). "Tóibín on song as he picks up Irish Pen award". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  41. ^ a b c d e Spain, John (22 April 2017). "Tóibín likens Arts Council to North Korea in row over Aosdána funding". Irish Independent. Dublin. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  42. ^ a b c d e f "Colm is an author of formidable talent". Wexford People. 29 June 2011.
  43. ^ Yates, Emma (16 May 2001). "First novel takes fiction's richest prize". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2001.
  44. ^ "2004 Los Angeles Times Book Prize — Fiction Winner and Nominees". Awards Archive. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  45. ^ Gonzalez Cerna, Antonio (9 July 2005). "17th Annual Lambda Literary Awards". Lambda Literary. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  46. ^ "Stonewall Books Awards List". 2005.
  47. ^ "Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  48. ^ Brown, Mark (28 July 2009). "Heavyweights clash on Booker longlist". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 July 2009.
  49. ^ "Tóibín wins Costa Novel Award". RTÉ Arts. Dublin: RTÉ. 4 January 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  50. ^ "William Trevor makes an Impac". The Irish Times. Dublin. 12 April 2011. Archived from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
  51. ^ Walsh, Caroline (9 July 2011). "Two Irish authors make awards shortlist". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
  52. ^ Flood, Alison (9 July 2011). "Strong showing for Irish writers on Frank O'Connor shortlist". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
  53. ^ "The Man Booker Prize 2013". 7 August 2013. Archived from the original on 30 November 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  54. ^ Doyle, Martin (23 July 2015). "Colm Tóibín wins Hawthornden Prize for 'Nora Webster'". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  55. ^ "APNewsBreak: Irish novelist wins Ohio literary peace award". The Washington Post. 13 July 2017. Archived from the original on 13 July 2017.
  56. ^ Doyle, Simon (20 October 2017). "Colm Tóibín honoured by The Open University". The Irish News. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  57. ^ "Il Malaparte 2019 a Colm Tóibín". Premio Malaparte. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  58. ^ Tóibín, Colm (24 November 2019). "'My arduous journey from imbecile to writer'". Sunday Independent. Dublin. Retrieved 28 September 2022. Edited version of acceptance speech.
  59. ^ a b "POSTPONED - Colm Tóibín: A Reading and Talk". Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish studies. 8 April 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  60. ^ Doyle, Martin (13 December 2021). "Colm Tóibín wins David Cohen Prize for Literature 2021: Previous winners of £40,000 award for a lifetime's work have gone on to win Nobel". The Irish Times. Dublin.
  61. ^ Knight, Lucy (22 March 2022). "Irish novelist Colm Tóibín wins Rathbones Folio prize for The Magician". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  62. ^ "Remembering sex, books and music – especially sex – on the eve of Franco's death [memoir]". Dublin Review. Spring 2005.
  63. ^ http://www.panmacmillan.com/Titles/displayPage.asp?PageTitle=Individual%20Title&BookID=386178[permanent dead link]
  64. ^ "Thames & Hudson Publishers | Essential illustrated art books | Sean Scully - Walls of Aran". Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
  65. ^ "A Guest at the Feast. A Memoir | Colm Tóibín Official Website". www.colmtoibin.com.

Sources[edit]

  • Ryan, Ray. Ireland and Scotland: Literature and Culture, State and Nation, 1966–2000. Oxford University Press, 2002.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]