|The Right Honourable
Sir Colman Treacy
|Lord Justice of Appeal|
1 October 2012
|Judge of the
High Court of Justice
1 October 2002 – 1 October 2012
|Born||Colman Maurice Treacy
28 July 1949
|Alma mater||Jesus College, Cambridge|
Sir Colman Maurice Treacy, PC (born 28 July 1949) is a Lord Justice of Appeal. He is styled Lord Justice Treacy. Prior to this he was a barrister in Birmingham, where he is President of the Birmingham Law Society. He has presided over a number of criminal trials, including those of an Afghan warlord, Faryadi Sarwar Zardad, and two of the killers of Stephen Lawrence.
Treacy attended Stonyhurst College, a Jesuit independent boarding school in the Ribble Valley, Lancashire, and studied Classics on an Open Scholarship at Jesus College, Cambridge. He was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1971, and appointed Queen's Counsel (QC) in 1990.
Treacy practised mainly in criminal law in the criminal courts of Birmingham. In 2002, he prosecuted two suspected Islamic terrorists accused of plotting to cause terrorist explosions in the UK, before Mr Justice Hughes. One of the accused, Moinul Abedin, was convicted and sentenced to twenty years, while the other was acquitted.
He was appointed Assistant Recorder in 1988 and Recorder in 1991, a post he retained until his appointment to the High Court on 1 October 2002, whereupon he received the customary knighthood. From 2006 to 2010, he was the Presiding Judge of the Midland Circuit. He is now chairman of the Sentencing Council for England and Wales. On 1 October 2012, he was appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal, and he was appointed to the Privy Council on 7 November 2012.
High Court cases
Treacy has presided over a number of criminal trials. In 2005, he presided at the trial of Faryadi Sarwar Zardad, an Afghan warlord charged under the principle of universal jurisdiction with conspiracy to torture and conspiracy to take hostages during the 1990s in Afghanistan. He was sentenced to twenty years in prison and recommended to be deported. On sentencing notorious Nottingham gang boss Colin Gunn to thirty-five years for conspiracy to murder the parents of a gangland rival, Gunn told Treacy to "die of AIDS".
In 2010, he was the presiding judge at the first major English criminal trial in more than 400 years to be heard without a jury. The decision by the Court of Appeal to allow the juryless trial came after the third attempt at a trial fell apart due to purported attempts at jury tampering. The decision was criticised by Shami Chakrabarti, of Liberty. The case related to the £1.7 million robbery of the Menzies World Cargo warehouse at Heathrow airport in February 2004, of which all four of the accused were convicted. The trial reportedly cost £25,000,000.
In December 2011, Treacy presided over the trial of Gary Dobson and David Norris for the racially aggravated murder of Stephen Lawrence. Lawrence had been killed while waiting at a bus stop in Eltham, South London, in April 1993, by a gang of white youths chanting racist slogans. Five men had been arrested and two were charged but the prosecution was dropped by the Crown Prosecution Service due to lack of evidence.
A private prosecution by the Lawrence Family in 1994 of three of the suspects resulted in their acquittal due to unreliability of the identification evidence. The 1999 Macpherson Review of the case found shortcomings in the original police investigation and concluded the Metropolitan Police Force was rife with "institutional racism" and recommended a reduction in double jeopardy, the rule preventing someone being tried for the same crime twice, to allow for cases where "fresh and viable" new evidence became available to be retried. This proposal was supported by the Law Commission in 2001 and given effect by Parliament in the Criminal Justice Act 2003. In 2011, eighteen years after the incident, a cold case review found new DNA evidence using techniques not available at the time of the original investigation. Dobson and Norris were prosecuted in December that year and convicted on 3 January 2012, being ordered to be detained at Her Majesty's pleasure with minimum terms of fifteen years and two months, and fourteen years and three months, respectively.
- Rozenberg, Joshua (4 January 2012). "Stephen Lawrence murder: Difficult trial was in safe hands". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Pair plotted 'terrorist' explosions". BBC News. 17 January 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Morris, Steven (28 February 2002). "'Bomb factory' Muslim jailed for 20 years". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "no. 60289". The London Gazette. 4 October 2012. p. 19045.
- "Orders for 7 November 2012" (PDF). Privy Council Office.
- "Afghan warlord guilty of torture". BBC News. 18 July 2005. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Thug who enforced empire of pure evil". Daily Mirror. 4 August 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Kennedy, Maev (12 January 2010). "Legal history made as four stand trial without jury for Heathrow robbery". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Britton, Jeremy (31 March 2010). "Jury-free court case makes history in England". BBC News. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Laville, Sandra; Dodd, Vikram (31 March 2010). "Heathrow robbery defence lawyers to appeal against trial without jury". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Hughes, Mark (31 March 2010). "Armed raiders jailed after trial without jury". London: The Independent. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Report of juryless trial of the Heathrow robbery suspects
- "Stephen Lawrence murder: Dobson and Norris found guilty". BBC News. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Stephen Lawrence: Gary Dobson and David Norris detained for life". BBC News. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012.