Colmar Treasure

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Colmar Treasure
gold Jewish wedding ring with Hebrew letters.
Jewish wedding ring. Chased and enameled gold and filigrees, early 14th century, found at Colmar (Alsace, France) in 1863
MaterialGold, silver, bronze, iron
Created14th century
Period/cultureMiddle ages
DiscoveredColmar, Alsace, France, 1863
Present locationMusée de Cluny, Paris
Unterlinden Museum, Colmar

The Colmar Treasure or Colmar hoard is a hoard of precious objects buried by Jews of the Holy Roman Empire at the time of the Black Death pogroms.

History[edit]

The Treasure was found in 1863 in the wall of a house in the medieval rue des Juifs, in Colmar, Alsace. It is believed that some of the items were sold by the discoverers before the full extent of the Treasure could be recorded. The treasures that survive are mostly in the collection of the Musée de Cluny, with a couple of items in the Unterlinden Museum. It was fully published only in 1999, when exhibited in Colmar.[1]

The Treasure includes one of the few surviving examples of a Jewish marriage ring, with the bezel in the form of a small building instead of a precious stone, in accord with the requirement in Jewish law that wedding rings be made as one piece.

The Treasure includes silver coins, silver table ware, and gold and silver jewelry including elaborate belt buckles and fifteen silver rings.[2]

In 2019 the Treasure was exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York Cloisters.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Treasures of the plague: Marian Campbell describes a remarkable discovery that throws a tragic light on Jewish life in 14th-century Europe, Sept, 2007, Marian Campbell, Apollo
  2. ^ In Laudem Hierosolymitani: Studies in Crusades and Medieval Culture in Honour of Benjamin Z. Kedar, by Iris Shagrir, Ronnie Ellenblum, Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith, Jonathan Riley-Smith, B. Z. Ḳedar Contributor Iris Shagrir, Ronnie Ellenblum, Jonathan Riley-Smith, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007, p. 277 ff.
  3. ^ "The Colmar Treasure: A Medieval Jewish Legacy".
  4. ^ Prince, Cathryn J. "Medieval jewels hidden by Jews during Black Death on show at NY Met Cloisters". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 2019-11-03.