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Colmenar Viejo is a town and municipality of about 44,000 inhabitants, located in the Community of Madrid, Spain, 30 kilometers north of Madrid on the M-607 motorway. It belongs to the comarca of Cuenca Alta del Manzanares.
Traditional granitemining has been changing the landscape along the history. Coppice has appeared, and as a result of livestock farming, mainly cow and horse cattle, the grassland has been taking a main role.
Colmenar Viejo is also distinguished because a large part of its land is included in the Manzanares Upper Basin Regional Park, causing that some spaces are under a high protection level. The Navalvillar Grassland is protected by municipal bylaws, and, albeit it does not belong to the Park, it is rich in flora and fauna for its location and conservation.